If you are aware, then recent news from China is that the northern part of China in the Northern Inner Mongolia region there has been cases of Bubonic Plague. A suspected case of Bubonic Plague has been reported in Bayan Nur, a region in Mongolia where a Level III warning has been issued by the authorities said the state-run People’s Daily Online reported.
It is unclear how did it spread but the authorities have asked to report any dead Marmot which is a large squirrel-like rodent that could be the potential carriers of Bacterium which causes plague. This news comes after 5 days when Chinese news agency Xinhua reported two cases of Bubonic Plague in Khovd province, Western Mongolia where 2 brothers had consumed Marmot meat.
According to the interview with reporters, a local health authority claimed “At present, there is a risk of a human plague epidemic spreading in this city. The public should improve its self-protection awareness and ability, and report abnormal health conditions promptly.” The Level III warning will continue until the end of 2020 said the authority.
What is Bubonic Plague and why it is termed as Black Death
According to WHO, the disease is caused by bacterium Yersinia Pestis which is a zoonotic bacteria. It is found in smaller mammals and they are transmitted by fleas. The disease spreads from bites of fleas from infected mammals such as Marmot, mice, rats, squirrels, rabbits, etc. The incubation period of the bacterium is 1-7 days.
There are 2 main forms of plague, Bubonic, and Pneumonic. The Bubonic plague is characterized by swollen painful lymph nodes or buboes. It is now mainly treatable and from 2010-2015 around 3,248 cases with 584 deaths reported due to Bubonic Plague.
It was termed as Black Death in the middle Ages because when the plague attacked many of European nations, half of its people died of the disease. However, with the availability of antibodies, the disease is now controllable. However if left untreated, the disease has a 100% fatality rate.
The symptoms of Bubonic Plague are Sudden Onset of Fever, chills, headache, body ache, weakness, vomiting, and nausea. In bubonic plague, the lymph node becomes inflamed with intense pain. The inflamed lymph node might reach the size of a chicken egg which is why its termed bubo. These inflamed lymph nodes can turn into open sores filled with pus. When it advances to the lungs, pneumonic plague becomes the most virulent form of plague. When it advances it causes death with blackened fingers, toes, and nose.
Currently, Bubonic plague is rare, however, an infected person can transmit the disease via droplets in the air. This is an airborne disease.
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