A recent study by Northwestern Medicine suggests that the new form of Coronavirus can pose a threat to the entire nervous system and is said that it might show signs of neurological symptoms and later by cough and cold.
A study was conducted with patients affected by a coronavirus and was recently published in Annals of Neurology where it is said that half of the hospitalized patients had neurological conditions affected by Covid-19 which include Headache, dizziness, difficulty concentrating, disorders of smell & taste, strokes, seizures, muscle pain, and many other such underlying conditions apart from cold, cough and fever.
The lead author of the review, Dr. Igor Koralnik, professor of neurology at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine said: “It is important for the general public and physicians to be aware of this because SARS-COV-2 infection may present with neurological symptoms initially, before cough, cold or any other respiratory problems occur.” He continued saying, “This understanding is key to direct appropriate clinical management and treatment”.
The COV-2 may affect the entire nervous system including the brain, spinal cord as well as muscle nerves which may lead to neurological dysfunction. Due to this one may suffer from multiple organs such as Kidney’s, Heart, Lungs, etc will be affected and due to the lack of oxygenation, the brain may go under ischemic or hemorrhagic strokes.
Additionally, the virus will cause direct infection to the brain and ménages to affect the immune system which may cause inflammation that can cause severe damage to the brain and nerves.
The team and Koralnik have formed a COVID research team and have started the analysis of COVID-19 patients at Northwestern medicine to determine neurological complications and the response to the treatment provided. Since the knowledge about how COV-2 affects neurologically is limited, the team will follow the patients and also the cured patients if the neuro damage caused by COV-2 is permanent. The studies will help to diagnose, manage, and treat the neurological conditions of COVID-19 patients said Koralnik.