Great Personalities of India

Dinesh Gupta (1911 – 1931)

Dinesh Gupta was a fervent revolutionary in Bengal, who fought aggressively against colonial rule. He was born in Josholong (Bangladesh) on December 6, 1911.

He lived alone until the age of 19, but his patriotic activities during this short life earned him an indelible place in the hearts of the countrymen…

Biography of Dinesh Gupta

Full NameDinesh Chandra Gupta
Date of Birth6th December 1911
Birth PlaceBangladesh
EducationMidnapore College (Autonomous)
FatherSatish Chandra Gupta
MotherBinodini Debi
SiblingsAmiya Sengupta
Date of Death7th July 1931
Death PlaceKolkata

Dinesh Gupta’s History

Subhash Chandra Bose had formed a group called Bengal Volunteers. Dinesh Gupta became a member of this group in 1928, at the Calcutta session of the INA (Indian National Congress). He was studying at Dhaka high school at that time.

The Bengal Volunteers Association has slowly acquired a more active and aggressive nature and has begun to create conspiracies to eliminate the repressive and ruthless British police.

This ardent revolutionary worked tirelessly in Midnapore to train young people in the art of using firearms. His unwavering dedication to the struggle for freedom has attracted a large number of young people to the fight against the British.

These young revolutionaries were being murdered with the intention of killing three well-known district magistrates, Douglas, Burge, and Peddy. These government officials were going to be shot one after the other.

Dinesh Gupta and Gang Attacked on Writers Building

The Volunteers Association of Bengal places Colonel N.S. Simpson in his list of results. He was the Inspector General of Prisons and was known for his incalculable abuse of prisoners.

The members of the association realized that it would not be enough to assassinate this official for expressing his point of view.

Another extreme step was also needed to create absolute terror in the minds of the colonial officers. Therefore, the revolutionaries planned to launch an attack on the building of the secretariat.

As a result, the writers building on Dalhousie Square in Kolkata also became the target of the revolutionaries.

The date of the fateful attack on the building of the Writers was on December 8, 1930. Dinesh Gupta, Badal Gupta, and Benoy Basu entered the building in disguise.

The group wore European clothes to remain discreet among the crowd. They fired on Colonel Simpson, who was present on one of the balconies, and they killed him.

The police opened fire on them immediately in retaliation. The whole place reverberated with the sound of gunfire for some time. During this crossfire, few officers such as Nelson, Twynam, and Prentice were seriously injured.

Condemned to Death

The brave group could not keep fighting for long and was outnumbered. To avoid arrest, Badal Gupta consumed potassium cyanide.

Benoy Basu and Dinesh Gupta shot themselves; while the first one died in the hospital, but Dinesh survived the suicide attempt. He was tried and sentenced to death. On July 7, 1931, he was hanged.

The Braveheart gave his life in an attempt to free his country from the chains of devastating British rule.

The profound sacrifice that Dinesh Gupta has made for his homeland is truly venerable. In order to immortalize his contribution (along with that of his two partners) to the struggle for Indian freedom, Dalhousie Square was renamed BBD (Binoy Badal Dinesh) Bagh.

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