The name of Dooars hail from the word Duar which means a door in Bhutan. The area of Dooars is 4750 square kilometers.
The economy is characteristically dependent on three ‘T’s namely Tea, Tourism and Timber and the Tea of Kalchini, the timber of Hamilton and Pineapple of Hasimara are also famous. 152 tea gardens and 1250sq km forest area are the main attraction of Dooars.
Dooars is the paradise of birds. There are 720 varieties of birds found in Dooars. Tista, Torsa, Jaldhaka, Raidac, Kaljani, Murti, Jayanti and many rivers from mountains are flowing over Dooars.
Tourists rush into Dooars to view the magnificent beauties of three reserve forests namely Jaldapara, Garumara, and Chapramari.
History of Dooars
Dooars was ruled by the Kamta Kingdom from the seventeenth century. Kamtapur was an autonomous state. History says that Nalrajar Garh in Chiltapata Forest was the former capital of Kamtapur.
In the course of time through several consequences, Mainaguri and Prithu Rajar Garh respectively became the capital and finally, in the seventeenth century, the capital was shifted to Gosanimari, an ancient port-town.
In later years Koch kingdom came into being led by Viswa Singha. Till the British came in the war against Bhutan in 1865, Dooars was ruled by Bhutan.
Geography and Climate
The altitude of the Dooars area ranges from 90 to 1,750 meters. Numerous streams and rivers flow through these productive plains from the mountains of Bhutan. The noted average rainfall of the area is about 3,500 mm.
From the middle of May Monsoon generally commences and continues till the end of September. On can find cold and foggy mornings and nights in winters while summer spans over a very short period of the year which is mild.
The indigenous peoples of this region generally have Mongoloid characteristics and are composed of several tribes, including Bodo in Assam, Rabha, Mech, Toto, Kotch, Limbu, Tamang, and Rajbanshi in Bengal.
Apart from the tribal population a large number of Bengali population who were basically displaced from then East Pakistan due to partition, form a significant portion of the total population.
Cities and Towns
The Dooars is a large region and is spotted with many towns and cities and the largest city in the whole region stretching from the Darjeeling foothills up to Arunachal Pradesh foothill is Siliguri. This particular northern Bengal is very conveniently connected with all the major cities of the Country.
The other major cities are Tezpur, Goalpara, Barpeta, and Dhubri in Assam while Alipurdur, Jalpaiguri, Cooch Behar, Malbazar and Birpara are the noted cities of Dooars in West Bengal.
The economy is characteristically dependent on three ‘T’s namely Tea, Tourism and Timber and the Tea industry is the leading one. A lot of people are engaged in the tea estates and factories. Several people are also engaged in the cultivation and other corps is cultivated mainly for personal consumption.
The timber industry flourishes in this area, both legally and illegally. The important contributors to the economy include a number of sawmills, plywood industries, and other allied businesses.
Moreover, the Dooars act as doorways to Bhutan; thus making way for the flourishing of, the export-import industry. The towns of Jaigaon, Siliguri, and Phuentsholing are significant hubs of the export-import industry.
The beauty of the region lies not only in its tea gardens but also in the dense jungle that makes up the countryside.
Many wildlife sanctuaries and national parks like Manas National park in Assam, and Jaldapara Wild Life, Buxa National Park, jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary, Gorumara National Park, Chapramari Wild Life Reserve and Mahanada Wild Life Sanctuary in West Bengal are located in this region.
How to Reach Dooars West Bengal
Also broad-gauge rail connection between New Jalpaiguri and Mal, Nilpara, Jainti, Mainaguri, Dhupguri, and Falakata. One can also find the Metregauge rail connection between Siliguri and most spots.
Tourist destinations-Dooars West Bengal
Jaldapara wildlife sanctuary
Jaldapara is situated 70km away from Jayantia and 119km from Siliguri. It covers an area of 217 sq km. Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary was established in 1941.
One of the significant attractions of Jaldapara Sanctuary is tall grasses and major part of Jaldapara is covered with varieties of vegetation and these features attract many endangered spices. Near about 240 kinds of birds and varieties of mammals reptiles and fish survive in this region.
Jaldapara is renowned especially for one horn rhinos. They are around 80 in number. The other wild animals are tiger, Asiatic elephant, leopard, hog deer, spotted deer, barking deer, bison, shambar, peacock…
Elephant rides are the most significant goings-on in the park and this is tremendously popular among the visitors.
You can go into the depths of the jungle and it can be a phenomenal experience. Caravan safaris are also available in the park which is an ideal way to have a look through the length and breadth of the place.
Towards Coochbehar, Chilpata is nearer to Jaldapara. Varieties of animals like Rhino, Bison, Leopards live in the dense forest of Chilpata. Recently it has become an important tourist spot.it is possible to take a half-day tour from jaldapara.
As an animal rescue center, south Khayerbari is widely known in Dooars. place is highly attractive to tourists because after the ban of animals like Royal Bengal Tiger and Leopards in the circuses they were brought to this center and tourists can get a close spot to watch.
This area is officially known as SKLSRC which is an abbreviated term of South Khayerbari Leopard Safari and Rehabilitation Centre. It was established by the West Bengal Government and financed by Central Zoos Authority.
Gorumara National Park
Official announcement in 1949 recognized Garumara as a Wildlife Sanctuary for the Rhinoceros. In 1994 it was declared as Indian national Park and the original 7 square kilometers area today has enlarged into 80 square kilometers incorporating the nearby lands.
It is located in the Malbazar Sub-division of Jalpaiguri district in the state of West Bengal in India. Physically it is in the Terai region.
Two important rivers around Garumara is Murti River and Raidak River, Jaldhaka. This park is quite close to the jaldapara. Another Wildlife Reserve, Chapramai is very close to it.
The park has recorded fifty species of mammals, 193 species of birds, 22 species of reptiles, 7 types’ turtles and 27 kinds of fishes. The mammals include Sambar Deer and Chital and Asian Elephant.
You can see Wild Boar and Hog Deer, Barking Deer. Though it is not a home for Tigers occasionally they can be spotted. The only type of big cat that can be regularly spotted is Leopard. The significant and diversified bird population includes Sunbird, Spangled Drongo. This park is a noted flyway for various migratory birds.
The park also is a home for Indian Python Peacocks of rare species that are found in winter. From forest bungalow, it is one and a half kilometer to spot Jatraprasad Watchtower on the bank of Murty river. It is named after everyone`s favorite Kunki elephant. This tower is an ideal spot to watch wild animals.
Home of one horn rhino can be spotted from Garati Watchtower. Another Interesting spot of Garumara is the Chukchuki bird observation center. Kalamati forest is also adjoining to Garumara.
Viable breeding of Indian Rhinoceroses has become difficult because of the poor male-female ratio which was previously 1:3 turned to 1:1 thus causing fights among the male population and deaths. Poaching was a major concern in this regard during the 70s and 80s but today it’s one of the parks which is least threatened by poaching because of the presence of adequately equipped rangers.
Chapramari Wildlife Sanctuary
At the south of Garumara Chapramari Wildlife Sanctuary is situated with an area of 2220 sq km. From Garumara on NH31, you can reach Chapramari via Chase. It is almost a mirror reflection of Garumara.
With more than a hundred varieties of Orchid and 83 kinds of grasses mammals of 78 species live in Chapramara. Its dense green forest Provides a natural opportunity to the animals and birds living here. More than 200 kinds of birds live here.
The most attractive animal of this sanctuary is the elephant. A large number of animals roam about the forest keeping it alive. the elegant Royal Bengal, the national animal of India, can be your thrilling experience.
Bisons locally called Gaur are also found in large numbers. Reptiles of different kinds are home to wetter areas of Chapramari. Waters birds are also found in this region.
Hotels and resorts Dooars, Westbengal
- Green Lagoon Hotel and Resort is renowned for its location and hospitality and the room tariff ranges from INR 1500/- to INR 2800/-
- Sinclair Dooars is located near Chalsa on a small hill overlooking the gorgeous valley and the resort is spread over 20 acres of land. It is the best accommodation in the region.
Lataguri Tourist (953561)266213
Lake View Resort (953651)266211
Chapramari Forest Bungalow (953561)224907
Aranyak Forest Resort 9434004859