An archaeological excavation site was carried out in Dhaba located in Son River Valley, Central India suggested they found a human settlement which is believed to be around 80,000 – 65,000 years old.
The authors of study published an article in Nature Communications where they mentioned, “The lithic industry from Dhaba strongly resembles stone tool assemblages from the African Middle Stone Age (MSA) and Arabia, and the first artifacts of Australia, which suggests that it is probably the product of Homo sapiens when they dispersed east side out of Africa.”
By this finding, it is helpful to notice how humans have moved from different parts of the world and also about the research on human migration from Africa. It is said that people survived the Volcanic Super Eruption of Toba roughly around 74,000 years ago which happened in Sumatra and after the eruption, there were a lot of changes in weather where earth happened to witness a decade long spell of cold weather. This volcano was responsible for destroying a huge population of hominins.’
Michael Petraglia from the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Jena, Germany said that “The explosion was the largest in 2 million years and is believed to have led to dramatic climate change and decimated populations throughout Asia. However, archaeological evidence from ‘India does not support these kinds of theories’
This changes in volcanic weather from supervolcano caused changes in the gene pool in humans and people from Africa had survived that tells us the fact that people might have emerged from Africa and dispersed to different parts of the world.
The lead author of the study Mr. Chris Clarkson of the University of Queensland, Australia said “We know from fossil evidence that modern humans were already out of Africa by 200,000 years before in Greece, in Arabia and 80-100,000 years ago in China, Sumatra by soon after the Toba eruption and Australia by 65,000 years ago” he continued saying “This [study] contradicts the common opinion that modern humans have only spread to Africa in the last 50,000 years.
This excavation unearthed tools from megalithic era roughly around when Toba eruption happened and is to be dated around 80,000 – 65,000 years ago and there were small tools which might have been around 50,000 years ago which suggests that the humans had inhabited the place even when the eruption happened and was not disturbed. Upon noticing, they also found that the tools were also found in Africa and Arabia earlier which suggested that the tools were made by humans.
“Our discoveries of stone tools that are very similar to those of Arabia, Israel and Africa and even Australia associated with previous modern humans suggest that they are probably products of modern man,” Professor Clarkson wrote. “The fact that we find them before and after the eruption of Toba without any apparent technological change indicates that large eruptions such as Toba do not appear to have had a catastrophic effect on the small hunter-gatherers living in India at the time,” he added.