Washington: The number of deaths by suicide in the world has decreased by almost a third since 1990, according to a study published on Thursday, according to which more than 44.2% of those who died in 2016 were from India and China.
The study published by the BMJ newspaper revealed that the total number of deaths by suicide increased by 6.7% worldwide between 1990 and 2016, reaching 817 000 deaths in 2016.
However, once adjusted for age, the overall death rate due to suicide decreased by almost 33% worldwide during the same period.
Researchers at the University of Washington in the United States have shown that suicide rates in men are higher than in women and that these rates are usually related to higher levels of social and economic deprivation.
However, research has also shown that suicide patterns vary considerably from one country to another and from one group to another, reflecting the complex interaction of factors that require further investigation.
Deaths by suicide in China and India, as the most populous countries together, accounted for 44.2% of deaths by suicide in the world in 2016.
Suicide is a global public health problem, with approximately 800,000 deaths per year. The World Health Organization aims to reduce the mortality rate by suicide by one third between 2015 and 2030.
Therefore, the identification of people with the highest risk is crucial for prevention efforts at the national level, an investigator.
They used data from the 2016 Global Burden of Disease Study to describe patterns of mortality by suicide and years of life lost globally and regionally, and by age, sex and sociodemographic index (a mixed measure of fertility, profits, and training) from the year 1990 to 2016.
Suicide was the leading cause of loss of life standardized by age in the high-income region of Asia and the Pacific and was among the top 10 causes of death in Eastern and Central Europe, in the Asia-Pacific income region High in Australasia and North America.
Throughout the world, suicide rates were higher among men (15.6 deaths per 100,000) than among women (7 deaths per 100,000). However, the rate of decrease was lower in men (24%) than in women (49%). Women also had higher rates than men in most of the low socio-demographic countries.
Suicide remains one of the leading causes of death in most countries of the world, but it is promising that the mortality rate standardized by age and the number of years of life lost by suicide has decreased by one third between 1990 and 2000 2016, the researchers said.
They said that if this decrease is due to suicide prevention activities or reflects general improvements in the health of the population, more research is needed.
In a related editorial, Ellicott Matthay of the University of California, San Francisco, United States, said that these results should be interpreted with some caution, but that these results “will stimulate research that could inform future policies.”
The results could help to establish priorities. for interventions, especially for countries without a complete civil registration system, said Matthay.