Basketball is a sport played by 12-15 members, but only 5 players each team are allowed to go inside the court at a time and play the game. Others who are left on the sides are substitutes.
It was first played in Springfield, Massachusetts in 1891. It can either be played indoors or outdoors. And the name was derived from shooting the ball inside a basket which is known as the ring.
Basketball, like every game, has its certain rules and regulations that are needed to propel an exciting and organized game.
The time that was introduced varies from each organization and tournament to another. Wherein this article will discuss the rules and regulations used during international section.
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Objective of Basketball
The main objective of the game is to outrun scores. This is done by shooting the ball through the opponent’s basket while preventing opposing team to score or get a hold of the ball. Attempting to score is called a shooting.
Two points will be equivalent to one shot while 3 points happens when a shot is taken 6.25 meters from the basket based on the international aspect.
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Regulations in Basketball Game
An international basketball game lasts about 2 hours. Within this time, there would be 4 quarters of playing time of 10 minutes every quarter.
Add the 15 minutes that are allotted for half-time break and the other 2 minutes for the other quick breaks.
At the end of the second quarter, teams change baskets. Time is stopped when the game is not active or when certain problems arise while the game is at play.
Time-outs would typically last not more than a minute. This also applies for clock stoppages. Time-outs are used for short meet ups with players when the coach wants to emphasize something important.
A basketball roster is comprised of 12 players. And the game is played by two opposing team. In each team, out of the 12 members, only 5 are allowed to actually
play inside the court each time.
So technically, you would see 10 people inside the court battling it out for one ball. Teams have their own coach who gives out strategies and developments of the team. More like a teacher at the side of the court.
Aside from the coach, the team also has its own personnel like assistant coaches, statisticians, managers, trainers and in case of emergency, a doctor.
This goes for both men and women. The standard uniform that everyone should follow is a pair of comfortable shorts and jersey.
Printed at the front and back of the jersey, the player’s number should be visible enough for everyone to see.
Sneakers are high-top to provide ankle support. Aside from these, you’ll also notice that the team’s name, sponsors and player’s name is printed.
4. Game Officials
Officials calling the shots are consisted with the referees, two umpires, and table officials. Table officials are the ones who are responsible for recording scoring, substitutions, timekeeping, team and individual fouls, and the shot clock.
Two of the most important equipment’s that are needed for a basketball game to be in session are the court and the ball itself. The court looks rectangular and flat with two baskets at the opposite sides. This will be enough for freestyle basketball.
But in competitive areas, the requirements are more complicated. Equipment’s needed aside from the court and ball are the score sheets, possession arrows, clocks, scoreboards and clock systems that are operated by the table officials.