Amid Coronavirus ravaging Indian states and cities many young patients in Mumbai hospital are showing symptoms of Kawasaki Disease which causes Blood vessels to be inflamed and the disease mainly affects children under 5 years of age.
Kawasaki disease is one of the leading causes of heart disease in children where the lymph node will be affected which can in turn damage the child’s coronary artery. First described in Japan in the year 196 and later reported in Hawaii in 1976, Kawasaki disease when detected early can be treated.
The symptoms of Kawasaki disease include
- Fever above 102 F.
- Rashes anywhere on the body
- Swollen glands in the neck.
- Dry, cracked lips
- Red eyes
- Peeling toes and digits
The first case of Kawasaki disease in Mumbai was recorded and observed in a 14-year-old patient who had tested positive for Covid-19 and had admitted hospital for rash and high fever which is a symptom for Kawasaki disease. An ELISA test on the patient showed that he had developed anti-bodies against SARS-COV-2 which means the 14-year-old had contracted SARS-COV-2 sometimes before.
“Kawasaki disease generally affects those aged less than five, but children between 10-14 years with COVID were showing its symptoms,” Dr. Tanu Singhal, a paediatric infectious diseases expert at the hospital, was quoted as saying by the report.
“These children can deteriorate fast. She came to us early so we were able to stabilize her for two days, but her condition deteriorated again,” said Dr. Singhal,
The link between SARS-COV-2 and Kawasaki disease has increased curiosity among the researchers and patients from various countries such as the UK, the US and many European countries have also faced a similar situation.
Speaking about this, The Journal of American Medical Association had published an article where they mention that the analyzed 58 children with COVID-19 who showed Kawasaki-like symptoms termed the report as a rare combination ‘Paediatric Inflammatory Multisystem Syndrome Temporally Associated with SARS-CoV-2’.