Home All Subjects Geography Regional Consciousness and National Integration

Regional Consciousness and National Integration

- Advertisement -

Regional Consciousness increases the sense of identification with a particular geographical area in relation to National Identity.

Regionalism is an anti-thesis of Nationalism and refers to the lack of commonality of ideas and aspirations of different groups within the country.

Regional Consciousness is present in the structure of Indian society and geography. Several factors have contributed to the regional consciousness in India.

Factors Influencing Regional Consciousness in India

1. Human Diversity


a) Multi-Cultural Diversity

A Multi-cultural Society spread in a large geographic area is a favorable condition for the development of regional sentiments.

If multicultural groups are present in small countries, their frequent interaction does not allow for regionalism (This would reduce the appeal of group Identity and therefore, dilute the sense of regional consciousness) but India is a vast country so definitely, it becomes the problem.

b) Linguistic Diversity

Language as a cultural medium has been an important factor and has promoted regional consciousness in India. The splintered groups rely on language as a binding force, thus exerting regionalism.

2. Economic Roots of Regional Consciousness


The acute economic backwardness of some regions has favored regionalism as these groups see advantages to them by using primordial identities.

For example, Jharkhand, Chattisgarh, and Uttarakhand.

Economically prosperous states have developed a regional consciousness by refusing to share their resources with other states.

For example, Punjab and Haryana.

3. Social Roots of Regional Consciousness


At the sociological level, an identity crisis has developed in the Indian society as medieval institutions and practices are increasingly being replaced by modern institutions and practices.

In these transitional societies, people rely on primordial identities such as caste, religion, language, race, and region to achieve emotional security.

4. Historical Factors


The colonial policy favored the division of India on multiple factors. The Indian population was divided on caste, religion, language, region, etc.. The British were successful in dividing regions on caste and religious considerations.

5. Geographical Factors


The physical geography of India has played a role in strengthening regional consciousness.

Few isolated and protected regions, such as the northeastern states of India have developed regional sentiments in mountainous terrain and geographical discontinuity with mainland India has promoted regional consciousness in these regions.

6. Political Factors


Some politico-administrative policies of Independent India have also strengthened regionalism.

For example, Political parties used caste, religion, and the region to create vote-banks.

The Neglect of some regions by the political parties coming to power has also promoted regional consciousness in these regions (lack of political will to respond to the needs and aspirations of some regions within a state has promoted regional consciousness).

 

- Advertisement -
- Advertisement -

Stay Connected

1,318FansLike
46FollowersFollow
936FollowersFollow
788SubscribersSubscribe

Must Read

Indian Freedom Fighters: 100 Popular Freedom Fighters of India

The Freedom Fighters of India were individuals who fought for freedom and who actively participated in our national movement in India to get rid...
- Advertisement -

Siamese Crocodile [ only 70 left ] Endangered Species

Native to South Eastern Countries of Indonesia, Burma, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, etc The Siamese Crocodile is a freshwater crocodile is a critically endangered species...

Javan Rhinoceros [ only 72 left ] Endangered Species

The Javan Rhinoceros, also known as Sunda Rhinoceros or 1-horned Rhinoceros is a species of Rhinoceros that is now endangered and very rare. The...

Spix’s Macaw

Spix’s Macaw is one among Endangered Species listed by IUCN also known as the little blue macaw, a bird native to Brazil is a...

Related News

Brown Spider Monkey [ only 60 left ] Endangered Species

Brown Spider Monkey or variegated spider monkey is a species of Monkey that was usually found in the forests of Colombia and Western Venezuela....

Siamese Crocodile [ only 70 left ] Endangered Species

Native to South Eastern Countries of Indonesia, Burma, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, etc The Siamese Crocodile is a freshwater crocodile is a critically endangered species...

Javan Rhinoceros [ only 72 left ] Endangered Species

The Javan Rhinoceros, also known as Sunda Rhinoceros or 1-horned Rhinoceros is a species of Rhinoceros that is now endangered and very rare. The...

Spix’s Macaw

Spix’s Macaw is one among Endangered Species listed by IUCN also known as the little blue macaw, a bird native to Brazil is a...

108 Names of Goddess Lakshmi Chants and Meaning

Lakshmi is the divine power who can turn your dreams into reality. The word "Lakshmi" is derived from the Sanskrit word Laksya, which means...