Sachindra Nath Sanyal (1893 – 1942)

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A brilliant Indian revolutionary, Sachindra Nath Sanyal is well known for his inspiring work in the formation of the Army of the Republic of Hindustan (1924), an Indian army that overthrew the British Raj. He has been the model of many popular revolutionaries, including the iconic Bhagat Singh.

Sachindra Nath Sanyal Biography


History of Sachindra Nath Sanyal


He was born in the year 1893 in Varanasi. His revolutionary ideas were expressed by the Hindustan Republic Association (HRA), which he created in 1924. The association’s goal was to organize anti-British demonstrations. Shortly after its creation, HRA received massive support from Indian youth.

Revolutionary prosecutions and imprisonment


Sachindra Nath Sanyal played an important role during the Gadar party mutiny. It was an anti-British revolution based on the model of the great uprising of 1857.

The participants in this riot planned to bring arms and ammunition to India. Help has been widely received from Indians living in the United States and Germany.

However, before the riot could begin, the British government found out and in 1915 it was eliminated. After the repression, to avoid being arrested, Sanyal disappeared from the scene.

It became important again after the departure of Subhash Chandra Bose for Japan. The young members of the Indian Revolutionary Movement considered Sachindra Nath Sanyal as their mentor.

In fact, his revolutionary ideas became popular and contrasted strongly with the non-violent opinions and methods of work of Mahatma Gandhi.




For 5 years, from 1920 to 1924, on several occasions, his debate with Mahatma Gandhi about his different ideologies was published in Young India.

He wanted the Indians to organize anti-British activities, forcing the British to leave India permanently. To inspire people in this regard, he launched a newspaper called “Revolutionary.”

He was arrested and sent to the prison cell, located in Andaman, for looting a train. The train was stolen in Kakori. About 8000 rupees belonging to the British government were looted. No Indian was white on the flight.

This incident shocked the British authorities and arrested 40 Indians related to the incident. Sachindra Nath Sanyal spent many days in great agony in prison. During his stay, he wrote a book called Bandi Jeevan, in which he describes his life in captivity. The book has become a source of inspiration for many Indians.



Last years of his Death


The torture he suffered in prison did not prevent him from resuming his revolutionary activities after his release. His popularity and active participation in several anti-British programs has upset the authorities.

Because of this, he was once again sent to cell prison and this time the government illegally seized his home in Varanasi. Sachindra Nath Sanyal died while serving his second term in cell prison.

It is widely acknowledged that he was deliberately forced to live in an environment infested with tuberculosis, which also infected him.

During the last phase of the infection, he was transferred to the Gorakhpur prison. In the year 1942, on February 7, he succumbed to a tuberculous infection.