Great Personalities of India

Sahajanand Saraswati – Freedom Fighter and Peasant Leader

Sahajanand Saraswati Known as a social reformer, Sahajanand Saraswati had many admirers because of his intellect and his attractive personality.

He was one of the important leaders of the peasants of Bihar, in whom many atrocities were committed.

His amazing intellect was one of the main reasons why he had some versatility in him. That is why he played several roles Polymath, sociologist, writer, historian, linguist, grammar, ascetic, and political, very advanced, revolutionary, and social activist.

Sahajanand Saraswati Biography

NameSahajanand Saraswati
Date of Birth22nd February 1889
Birth PlaceGhazipur, Uttar Pradesh
OccupationSocial reformer, historian, philosopher, writer, ascetic, revolutionary, Farmer rights activist, politician
Organization foundedAll India Kisan Sabha
Date of Death26th June 1950
Death PlacePatna, Bihar

History of Sahajanand Saraswati

He was born on February 22, 1889, in a village called Deva, Dullahpur in the district of Ghazipur in Uttar Pradesh. His original name was Naurang Rai, and he was the sixth and last son of a Brahmin family.

He received his education in a primary school and later in the German secondary school in the English environment.

As a child, he was very attracted to religious activities, but he always opposed those who falsified these practices and took the study of religious texts. He also studied politics and social affairs very carefully.

His career in the political field began when he took a step towards the Indian National Congress during the peasant movement in Patna, Bihar, and later throughout India.

He was a true Gandhian and took a political school under Gandhiji before serving loyally in Congress.

The Fall of Gandhi’s Principles

In 1920, Sahajan and Saraswati were immersed in the nationalist movement with the hope of helping the peasants with the help of the congress.

But in the 15 years of service to the party, he fell into the hypocritical faces of the party people and rejected him.

Apparently, he separated from the party in 1934 and declared that the peasants and the owner would resolve the dispute.

Sahajanand Saraswati was a Dandi Sanyaasi, and he always carried a cane with him. This stuff became a symbol of the resistance and uprising of the peasants.

Creation of Kisan Sabha and the Civil Disobedience Movement

To give his revolution as a formal organization, he established the Kisan Sabha in Patna which was later institutionalized in Bihar Provincial Kisan Sabha (BPKS) in 1929.

Sabha members were immersed in the civil disobedience movement, which did not give them any success, but many experiences inside and outside the prison.

This led to discussions between members of Congress and finally Swami Sahajanand completely separated from politics.

Later, after the formation of the All India Kisan Sabha by some Socialist Congress in 1936, Swami Saraswati Sahajanand was elected as the first president. The motto of this sabha was the complete abolition of the zamindari and capitalist system.

A Great Revolutionary

His efforts for the peasants continued even after he actively participated in the movement of the non-cooperation movement and other similar freedom struggles.

Sahajanand Saraswati has managed to create an image in the minds of the peasants that earned him the respect and love of them and the owners of fear.

At the end of this great revolutionary 25th June 1950, marked the end of a long struggle, but he continued to live in the heart of the people of Bihar.

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