The Statue of Liberty, officially called Liberty Enlightening the World, is a monument that symbolizes the United States.
The statue is placed near the entrance to the port of New York. The statue commemorates the signing of the Declaration of Independence of the United States.
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A Brief History of Statue of Liberty
From its creation in 1876, the Statue of Liberty has a solid history. Although it was gifted to the United States in 1876, it was not inaugurated until October 28, 1886.
It would be used as a lighthouse in the port of New York and would be placed under the control of the United States Lighthouse Board until 1901, and It was transferred to the Department of War because it never worked properly as a lighthouse.
The National Park Service took administrative responsibilities in 1933 and has been in control ever since.
It was designated a National Monument on October 15, 1924, and a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1984. It has been described as a “masterpiece of the human spirit”.
For safety reasons, access to the balcony around the torch is prohibited since 1916. The statue was completely closed for most of 1938 due to renovations.
Due to the major deterioration, it was closed from 1984 to 1986 for important repair works. Meanwhile, the entire torch and much of the internal structure have been replaced. The original torch can still be seen in the Liberty Island Museum.
After the terrorist attacks of September 11, the Statue of Liberty was closed for security reasons. The pedestal was not reopened until 2004. The statue was only reopened in 2009 and since then the number of people who can climb is limited.
How many people can ascend the crown?
In 2012, it was closed for one year to allow the installation of a second staircase and to include some other safety features. One day after its reopening, it closed again due to damage caused by Hurricane Sandy.
The statue itself was not affected by the storm, but the island, including the docks used by the ferries, suffered huge damage.
Repairs have been made and the Statue of Liberty has been open since July 4, 2013, and allows visitors to experience the majestic symbol.
Where did the Statue of Liberty Come From?
Most people recognize the Statue of Liberty as an American symbol of freedom, but many do not know how it came.
On the occasion of the 100thanniversary of America’s independence, France had planned to make a gift to the European Union to recognize the historic alliance among the two countries.
The statue was designed by the sculptor Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi and was made in Paris with the help of engineer Gustave Eiffel, who designed and built the steel frame. The base on which the statue stands was designed and built in America by the American architect Richard Morris.
Also, read about different Inventions
The Statue of Liberty is a hollow statue made with thinly pounded copper sheets on a steel framework. It stands to just over 305 feet and was the tallest structure in New York at the time of its construction.
Originally a dull copper color, in 1906 it had been covered with a green patina due to the oxidation of copper.
The statue follows the model of the Roman Goddess of Liberty and is a woman in a dress, holding the Declaration of Independence and a torch; At his feet rests broken chains. At that time, it was considered one of the greatest technological achievements to date.
This would not have been possible without the help of donations from around the world. People wanted to support the kind of freedom and democracy that the United States represented.
It was inaugurated in 1886 in the port of New York by President Grover Cleveland. The ceremony was held in front of dignitaries; Nobody from the general public was allowed. However, the city of New York had its first ticker-tape parade.
Since its inception, it has become a symbol of freedom for millions of immigrants arriving in the United States.
The Statue of Liberty Today
Each year, approximately 4 million people visit the Statue of Liberty, one of the most iconic tourist sites in New York.
The Statue of Liberty can only be accessed by ferry, as it is forbidden for all private vessels to be on the island. There is no charge to visit the island or enter the pedestal, but the ferry is charged.
You can have e-tickets or purchase at the spot, but it really takes a long time because of the long line where security check also takes place. To have a good experience, I would recommend you to reach early the better.
Tickets for the ferry, the pedestal, and the crown must be purchased in advance at Statue Cruises. Statue Cruises has operated ferries since it was transferred from Circle Line in 2007. The island and the statue are managed and maintained by the National Park Service.
Visitors can climb the stairs in the statue to the crown if they buy a special ticket. Walking to the crown is like climbing a 22-story building.
Tickets are purchased up to one year in advance due to the limited number of visitors allowed per day. It is limited to 240 people per day. Three groups of maximum 10 people per hour are allowed.
Another option is to enter only the pedestal. The base, designed and built by an American architect, is approximately half the height of the monument.
Tickets for children from 4 to 12 years old cost $5; for 13 years and above cost $12 and over 62 years of age, it cost $10.
There are approximately 215 steps from the lobby to the top of the pedestal. However, there is an elevator available that will take you part of the way.
While visiting the Statue of Liberty today, you will also experience the Liberty Island Museum. The museum describes what happened in the 21 years between the idea of the Statue of Liberty and its completion.
You can also take a tour of the island with a park ranger guide or on a self-guided audio tour by your own.
Statue of Liberty Facts
1) It consists of 93 meters from the ground to the tip of the torch.
2) It weighs approximately 204 metric tonnes, for example, the size of 40 adult African bush elephants.
3) Do you know 4 million people visit this place every year?
4) The spikes on the crown consist of 7 symbolic representation of 7 Oceans and 7 Continents of the world.
5) If you observe the statue holds a tablet where it is written “JULY IV MDCCLXXVI”.
6) At the time of assembling the Statue, it was Dull Brown Color, it was the natural color of Copper Plates.
7) The Liberty Island was renamed from Bedloe’s Island.
8) The torch was replaced by a Copper torch with 24K Golf leaf in 1984.
9) The original torch is placed in Lady Liberty’s Lobby Museum.
10) The Copper structure of the statue was built with 300 different types of hammers.