Great Personalities of India

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Biography: Essay, Childhood, History…

Subhash Chandra Bose was one of the most prominent freedom fighters in India. He was an influential young man and earned the title ‘Netaji‘ by establishing and leading the Indian National Army (INA) throughout India’s struggle for independence.

Subhash Chandra Bose History

Subhash Chandra Bose believed himself more than trusting anyone. He was the one among the List of Freedom Fighters.

In the starting he was aligned with the Indian National Congress, he was expelled from the party because of his philosophic distinction.

He sought-after the assistance of the Nazi leaders in the Federal Republic of Germany and also the imperial forces in Japan throughout World War II, to overthrow British from the country.

Suddenly he disappeared in 1945, resulted in the emergence of many theories regarding the probabilities of his survival.

The famous slogan of Subhash Chandra Bose to get freedom.

“Give me blood and I will give you freedom”

He gave inspiring speeches in his freedom campaign and inspired the people of India to struggle for independence.

Biography of Subhash Chandra Bose

  • Full Name: Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose
  • Date of Birth: 23rd January 1897
  • Education: Ravenshaw Collegiate School, Cuttack; Presidency College, Calcutta; University of Cambridge, England
  • Father: Janakinath Bose
  • Mother: Prabhavati Devi
  • Spouse: Emily Schenkl
  • Children: Anita Bose Pfaff
  • Associations: Indian National Congress; Forward Bloc; Indian National Army
  • Political Ideology: Nationalism, Communism, Fascism-inclined;
  • Publications: The Indian Struggle (1920–1942)
  • Date of Death: August 18, 1945
  • Memorial: Renk?ji Temple, Tokyo, Japan; Netaji Bhawan, Kolkata, India


a) Bose was from an affluent family, so he got a good education.

b) He obtained a bachelor’s degree in philosophy from Scottish Church College in Calcutta.

c) In 1919, he went to England to prepare for the Indian Administrative Service.

d) He applied for the Indian Civil Service in 1920 and secured the fourth position in the examination.

But when this son of Bharat Mata saw the Jallianwala Bagh cruel incident, his mind became disturbed and he resigned from administrative service in 1921.

Original Subhash Chandra Bose Speech in English

Subhash Chandra Bose Essay

The date goes back to 18th August 1945, Subhash Chandra Bose was even ready to join hands with Nazi the devil leader of Germany(Hitler) to throw the British from India.

Thousands of people were ready to give life for the Bose.

He went to Germany on a flight that was never returned because of the plane crash but still, his death is a mystery because we didn’t get his body as evidence.

In 2006, the Indian Judicial Commission concludes that the plane crash didn’t happen. So what really happened to Subhash Chandra Bose?

He is a man who has the determined vision and his courage feared the British every time. He was a man who conquered the millions of Indian people’s hearts, who has faced the British on the battlefield.

Let us see the history of Subhash Chandra Bose.

He was belonging to a wealthy family where his father was a lawyer. He was sent to the British school as his father considered himself as a loyal supporter of British Raj.

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose
(Image source: Quora)

At that time, the British were ruling more than a century treating Indians as slaves and making the Governance as they wish with new policies under the charter granted by Queen Elizabeth.

At the age of 15, he ran away from home to seek spirituality in Northern India with his friend to search the truth.

In India there was racism dominating, in the front of clubs the British were putting boards it stated: “Dogs and Indians are not allowed”.

In 1919 he registered to Cambridge University to prepare for Indian Civil Service (ICS), after the 8 months of his studies he passed the exam with 4th ranking and it was not an easy job studying there because of racism.

But he was in a dilemma whether to work under British Raj or not and then he rejected the job and came back to India.

He began his career as a politician with the support of his family connections and the reputation he got by passing the examination.

He saw the people of Bengal who were suffering from poverty because of the flood which has damaged their lives and he released flood relief funds for them.

But he was not convinced with the rule of British and soon organized many protests to Kick the British from our country. The rumors were spread that he has a connection with Bengal terrorists and got arrested.

His health condition was not so good in the jail where he was released because of his health he left India for a long time and also he got a major surgery to recover in England.

Later he fell in love with Emilie Schenkl and got married, she was a secretary who was impressed by his personality and the respect towards women and he was a very encouraging attitude which she likes.

He met many German political influencers to take the support for the Indian freedom movement and also asked Hitler to support but he was not ready to support and giving very unacceptable reasons that Indians cannot rule themselves, so it’s better to be under British he told.

As the days passed, most prominent leader Mahatma Gandhi brought Subhash Chandra Bose to the mainstream of Indian National Movement, Gandhi knows how the work can be done with choosing the right people.

Bose was made as president of Congress with the support of Gandhi but he didn’t saw any zeal at the party.

In a public meeting he encourages violence against the British to get freedom, Gandhi was heard this and shocked and later with the difference of ideology Subhash resigned from his designation. Then he set-up a new political party “Forward Bloc”.

Subhas Chandra Bose in Germany
Subhas Chandra Bose in Germany

Britain was under attack by Nazis from Germany. In 1940 London was spared with the bombs.

The British arrested Bose and released to re-arrest once his health gets better but he was cleverly escaped to Afghanistan.

The British were so feared they tried every action to stop him during the time of World war.

There the British agents were in search of him to arrest, somehow he managed and went from Kabul to Moscow.

He tried to get the support from Stalin but he suspected Bose may be the agent of British finally, he again went to the Berlin of Germany, the political situations were totally changed from his last visit.

Subhash Chandra Bose though that the old imperialism like British, French and Dutch were in conflict with the new imperialism of Germany, Italy and Japan were the opportunity to take advantage of the colonized country’s of Asia to get freedom.

He soon without wasting his time in Berlin, he asks the support from Germany and Italy in terms of money and military support to get freedom in India. The Berlin Government passed the message to Hitler but he was busy in his actions and decision making in the war.

On 22nd June 1941, German’s attacked the Soviet Union (USSR), at that time Subhash somehow convinced to get the monetary support from the Devil (Hitler), he did not have other choices rather than taking support from the enemy itself, then he received a title called ‘Netaji’ which means Hero of the era in India.

He started an office in India containing more than 30 people, the first task was to broadcast anti-British speeches in Radio to convey the message to the millions of Indian people. Bose wanted the Indian Youth to support in Indian army to fight against the British.

There were thousands of soldiers working under British in the war in North Africa with Germany, Nazi’s upheld the war and many British and Indian soldiers were arrested.

Subhash Chandra Bose and his wife more focusing on Annaburg a city in German because after the war it was a place for arriving camp for arrested ones. The train came to the place in 1941, there also the people were separated Britishers and Indians.

At this incident he visited the place and ask the Indians to follow the loyalty for him and also the Adolf Hitler, he also continued saying I know we are eating the salt of British we can’t do injustice to them, but it’s our land and we fight for our land to live free and convinced them.

The soldiers were marching with the slogan interestingly those soldiers consist of all religions like Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, etc.

The Slogan was as in the video which makes you get goosebumps!

Japan came from the German side and attacked the Britishers in Singapore, and the British lost the war.

Among 1,30,000 allied prisoners thousands were Indians, In Berlin Bose planned to use the same strategy even in south-east Asia and visited Japan to gather Japanese as well against British.

Before visiting, he got an opportunity to meet Hitler but the meeting didn’t go well as planned. Bose was disappointed to get the support from Hitler to get Indian Independence.

“Jai Hind” and “long live India” were the slogans raised in Berlin but he was losing his patience, after a month in Japan he organized a conference started with Indian Nation Anthem and told both of us are fighting against the British we need the Indian Independence and the support from you.

He is the man having a proper vision of India how to rule if India is free. German police were the role model for Bose to get inspiration for ideas.

He met Nazi’s police expert Himmler surprisingly welcomed the Bose in a good way.

The Himmler was knowing the great culture of India, he was living for years in India and also there was film broadcasted in Germany about the Indian tribes, which he got inspired.

He wanted to know more about the colonial rule in India politically and economically which has taken place, then he said he will support.

Subhash Chandra Bose wife was pregnant at that time, and he returned to Berlin, the wife was supportive and understood that India is the first priority to be given and not for personal things.

She gave birth to Anita Bose Pfaff, after 3 months he moved away to Scotland through a ship, not to detect his presence by any news channels and to protect himself from the British.

But because of the storms and cold climatic conditions he suffered a lot on the journey.

Meanwhile, he started the journey to the Indian Ocean, His sudden disappearance made the soldiers confused, whether the Bose is there or not.

In the meantime, the storms were getting stronger the water was flooding on the ship anytime the ship may sink. Soon later, a Japanese submarine came to rescue and he was taken to Japan (Tokyo).

He organized a meeting with Japan’s Government to take the support to fight against the British and he also more confident in Japanese than the German every time.

Subhash Chandra Bose then went to Singapore, he was welcomed by the Indian volunteers who are ready to fight against the British under the control of Japanese.

Last pic was taken by British
Last pic was taken by British

There were more than 50,000 Indians who were ready to sacrifice their life to free India from the British and the people were very confident Bose will bring India freedom.

Bose thought when they enter India, people support them in the fight of the British, there were even women’s regiment called (Rani Jhansi Regiment by Subhash) who has been trained to use the weapons recruited from the Indians of South East Asia, they were so close to the Netaji like a father and daughter relationship.

In 1944, the Japanese and INA forces attacked the British unfortunately the war was won by the British.

There was a code called SILVER which was somehow got the British this message before they attacked. And he understood this will indirectly affect India.

People of India were confident he will come and we fight for freedom but on 18th August 1945, he was ready to start his political career after India got settled soon but the tragedy was here, the plane was overloaded and crashed to the ground according to the evidence.

Even Jawaharlal Nehru didn’t accept his death and argued that he is been kept somewhere not to get the freedom to India.

Recently Subhash Chandra Bose daughter after getting the Indian Judicial Commission report she asked the Japanese Government to give the sample of Subhash bones for the DNA test.

Anyhow, Even today the mystery remains the same nobody found the real truth till now and Indians still believe that the Plane crash was fake.

Facts About Subhash Chandra Bose

1. He joined the Indian National Congress

Bose came in contact with Mahatma Gandhi and joined the Indian National Congress. According to Gandhi’s instructions, he started working with Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das. When Simon came to a commission in 1928, Congress opposed it.

In 1928, the annual session of the Congress was held in Kolkata under the chairmanship of Motilal Nehru.

During this time, Gandhiji did not agree with the demand of full Swaraj, At the same time, Subhash and Jawaharlal Nehru were not allowed to withdraw from full Swaraj demand.

In the end, it was decided that the British government should be given one year’s time to give Dominion Status.

If the British government did not meet this demand in a year, Congress would demand full swaraj.

But the British government did not fulfill this demand, so in 1930 when the annual session of Congress was held in Lahore under the chairmanship of Jawaharlal Nehru and it was decided that the day of 26th January will be celebrated as the Independence Day.

2. 26th January 1931

Subhash was leading a huge front by hoisting the National Flag in Kolkata on January 26, 1931, when the police launched a blackbuck on him and sent him to jail.

When Subhash was in jail, Gandhi compromised with the British government and released all the prisoners. But the British government refused to release the revolutionaries like Bhagat Singh.

Subhash wanted Gandhiji to break the agreement with the British government on this subject. But Gandhiji was not willing to break the promise given on his behalf.

The British government was stuck in its place and Bhagat Singh and his comrades were hanged. Subhash Bose got annoyed with Gandhiji and Congress if Bhagat Singh was not saved. He had to go to jail 11 times in his revolutionary life.

3. National Planning Committee

Subhash Chandra Bose was soon put in jail under the ‘Bengal Act’. During this period, he had to stay in prison for nearly a year and later he was released from prison due to illness.

They were sent from India to Europe There, he established centers in many cities to increase political and cultural relations between India and Europe, despite being banned to enter India, He came to India and therefore had to go to jail for a year.

As a result of the 1937 elections, the Congress Party took power in 7 states and liberated Subhash. Shortly after, Subhash was elected President of the Session of the Congress of Haripura (1938).

During the time of his tenure, Bose formed the “National Planning Committee”.

In the Tripuri session of 1939, Subhash was re-elected as president, This time Subhash was having support from Pattabhi Sitaramayya.

Although Sitaramayya gained full support from Gandhi, Subhash won the election with 203 votes.

But Gandhiji told his colleagues about losing defeat to Pattabhi Sitaramayya, that if he does not agree with Subhash’s methods, then he can withdraw from Congress.

After this, 12 out of 14 members of the Congress Working Committee resigned. Jawaharlal Nehru remained neutral and remained with Gandhiji and Bose became alone.

4. Resigns as Congress president

The annual Congress convention of 1939 was held in Tripuri. During this session, Subhash Chandra Bose had become so ill with a high fever that he had to be brought to the convention by stretching him on the stretcher.

Gandhi himself did not even attend this session and his colleagues also did not give any support to Subhash. Subhash tried his best at the convention, but Gandhi and his colleagues did not accept one of his ideology. The situation became such that Subhash could not do any work.

Finally, on April 29, 1939, Subhash Chandra Bose resigned as Congress president.

5. Forward block

On May 3, 1939, Subhash Chandra Bose established his party under the name of “forward Bloc” within the Congress. A few days later, Subhash was expelled from the Congress. The Forward Bloc later became an independent party.

Before World War II began, the Forward Bloc started public awareness to make the freedom struggle more intense.

All the main leaders of the Forward Bloc were imprisoned. Subhash did not want to stay in jail during World War II.

In order to force the government to release them, Subhash started the fast until death in jail. When the condition worsened, the government released him.

But the British government did not even want that Subhash remain free during the war. That’s why the government was arrested in his own house.

6. Formation of “Azad Hind Fauj”

In January 1941, Subhash managed to escape from his home and arrived in Germany through Afghanistan. They pleaded for help from Germany and Japan to evacuate the British Raj from India.

In January 1942, he began broadcasting on Radio Berlin, which encouraged the Indians. In 1943, he came to Germany from Singapore.

By reaching East Asia, he took command of ‘freedom movement’ from Ras Bihari Bose and formed ‘Azad Hind Fauj’ and slogan that you kill me and I will give you freedom. After this Subhash was called ‘Netaji’.

7. Netaji slogan “Come to Delhi”

Subhash Chandra Bose with People

During the second world war, with the support of the Japanese army, the Azad Hind Fauj attacked the Indian colonial government.

In order to inspire his army, Netaji gave a slogan ‘Come to Delhi’. Both the forces won the Andaman and Nicobar Islands from the British.

The islands are in the discipline of Arji-Hukumate-Azad-Hind. Netaji gave these islands a new name for ‘Shahid Island’ and ‘Swaraj Island’.

Both the forces attacked Imphal and Kohima together. But later the British had a heavy burden and both the forces had to retreat.

8. Gandhi called Subhash Chandra Bose as ‘Netaji’

Addressing Gandhi through his speech on Azad Hind Radio on 6th July 1944, Subash spoke about the purpose of seeking assistance from Japan and the purpose of establishing Arji-Hukumate-Azad-Hind and Azad Hind Fauj.

During this speech, Subash called Gandhiji as ‘Father of the Nation’, while Gandhiji also called him ‘Netaji’.

9. Subhash Chandra Bose Controversy over death still continuing

It is believed that on 18th August 1945 he died in a plane crash in Taiwan, but no evidence of the accident was discovered. The death of Subhash Chandra Bose is still a matter of controversy and Indians never believed the fake news of the plane crash.

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