Subhash Chandra Bose was one among the foremost notable freedom fighter in India. He was an influential young men and earned the title ‘Netaji’ by establishing and leading the Indian National Army (INA) throughout India’s struggle for independence.
In the starting he was aligned with the Indian National Congress, he was expelled from the party because of his philosophic distinction. He sought-after the assistance of the Nazi leaders in Federal Republic of Germany and also the imperial forces in Japan throughout World War II, to overthrow British from the country.
Suddenly he disappeared in 1945, resulted to the emergence of many theories regarding the probabilities of its survival.
Table of Content
Subhash Chandra Bose History
The name of Subhash Chandra Bose known as Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose also comes in another great revolutionary of the freedom movement. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose had built the Indian National Army. Which was especially famous as the “Azad Hind Fauz”.
Subhash Chandra Bose believed himself more than trusting on anyone. He was the one among our great leaders of India.
This famous slogan of Subhash Chandra Bose was “Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom”. He gave inspiring speeches in his freedom campaign and inspired the people of India to struggle for independence.
Subhash Chandra Bose Biography
- Bose was from an affluent family, so he got a good education.
- He obtained a bachelor’s degree in philosophy from Scottish Church College in Calcutta.
- In 1919, he went to England to prepare for the Indian Administrative Service.
- He applied for the Indian Administrative Service in 1920 and secured the fourth position in this examination.
But when this son of Bharat Mata saw the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, his mind became disturbed and he resigned from administrative service in 1921.
Subhash Chandra Bose Works and Facts
- He Joined the Indian National Congress
After this Bose came in contact with Mahatma Gandhi and joined the Indian National Congress. As per the instructions of Gandhi, he started working with Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das. When Simon came to a commission in 1928, Congress opposed it.
In 1928, the annual session of the Congress was held in Kolkata under the chairmanship of Motilal Nehru. During this time, Gandhiji did not agree with the demand of full Swaraj, At the same time, Subhash and Jawaharlal Nehru were not allowed to withdraw from full Swaraj demand.
In the end, it was decided that the British government should be given one year time to give Dominion Status.
If the British government did not meet this demand in a year, Congress would demand full swaraj. But the British government did not fulfill this demand, so in 1930 when the annual session of Congress was held in Lahore under the chairmanship of Jawaharlal Nehru and it was decided that the day of 26 January will be celebrated as the Independence Day.
- 26 January 1931
Subhash was leading a huge front by hoisting the National Flag in Kolkata on January 26, 1931, when the police launched a black buck on him and sent him to jail.
When Subhash was in jail, Gandhi compromised with the British government and released all the prisoners. But the British government refused to release the revolutionaries like Bhagat Singh.
Subhash wanted Gandhiji to break the agreement with the British government on this subject. But Gandhiji was not willing to break the promise given on his behalf.
The British government was stuck in its place and Bhagat Singh and his comrades were hanged. Subhash Bose got annoyed with Gandhiji and Congress if Bhagat Singh was not saved. He had to go to jail 11 times in his revolutionary life.
- National Planning Committee
Subhash Chandra Bose was soon put in jail under ‘Bengal Act’. During this period, he had to stay in prison for nearly a year and later he was released from prison due to illness.
They were sent from India to Europe There, he established centers in many cities to increase political and cultural relations between India and Europe, despite being banned from coming to India, he came to India and consequently he had to go to jail for 1 year.
Following the elections of 1937, the Congress party came to power in 7 states and Subhash was released after this. Shortly after this, Subhash was elected president of Haripura Session (1938) of Congress, during his tenure, Subhash formed the ‘National Planning Committee’.
In the Tripuri session of 1939, Subhash was re-elected the president, This time Subhash was from Pattabhi Sitarmaya. Though Saitamayya had full support from Gandhiji, Subhash won the election with 203 votes.
But Gandhiji told his colleagues about losing defeat to Pattabhi Sethmayya, that if he does not agree with Subhash’s methods, then he can withdraw from Congress. After this, 12 out of 14 members of the Congress Working Committee resigned. Jawaharlal Nehru remained neutral and remained with Gandhiji and Subhash was alone.
- Resigns as Congress president
The annual Congress convention of 1939 was held in Tripuri. During this session, Subhashababu had become so ill with a high fever that he had to be brought to the convention by stretching him on the stretcher.
Gandhi himself did not even attend this session and his colleagues also did not give any support to Subhash. Subhash tried his best after the convention, but Gandhi and his colleagues did not accept one of them. The situation became such that Subhash could not do any work.
Finally, on April 29, 1939, Subhash Chandra Bose resigned as Congress president.
- Forward block
On May 3, 1939, Subhash Chandra Bose established his party under the name of forward Block within the Congress. A few days later, Subhash was expelled from the Congress. The Forward Bloc later became an independent party.
Before World War II began, the Forward Bloc started public awareness to make the freedom struggle more intense. All the main leaders of the Forward Bloc were imprisoned. Subhash did not want to stay in jail during World War II.
In order to force the government to release them, Subhash started the fast unto death in jail. When the condition worsened, the government released him. But the British government did not even want that Subhash remain free during the war. That’s why the government was arrested on their own house.
- Formation of “Azad Hind Fauj”
In January 1941, Subhash managed to escape from his house and reached Germany via Afghanistan. They pleaded for help from Germany and Japan to evacuate the British Raj from India.
In January 1942, he started broadcasting from Radio Berlin, which encouraged the people of India. In 1943, he came to Germany from Singapore. By reaching East Asia, he took command of ‘freedom movement’ from Ras Bihari Bose and formed ‘Azad Hind Fauj’ and slogan that you kill me and I will give you freedom. After this Subhash was called ‘Netaji’.
- Netaji slogan “Come to Delhi”
During the second world war, with the support of the Japanese army, the Azad Hind Fauj attacked Indian colonial govt. In order to inspire his army, Netaji gave a slogan ‘Come to Delhi’. Both the forces won the Andaman and Nicobar Islands from the British.
The islands are in the discipline of Arji-Hukumate-Azad-Hind. Netaji gave these islands a new name for ‘Shahid Island’ and ‘Swaraj Island’. Both the forces attacked Imphal and Kohima together. But later the British had a heavy burden and both the forces had to retreat.
- Gandhi called Subhash Chandra Bose as ‘Netaji’
Addressing Gandhi through his speech on Azad Hind Radio on 6th July 1944, Netaji spoke about the purpose of seeking assistance from Japan and the purpose of establishing Arji-Hukumate-Azad-Hind and Azad Hind Fauj.
During this speech, Gandhiji called Gandhiji as ‘Father of the Nation’, while Gandhiji also called him ‘Netaji’.
- Subhash Chandra Bose Controversy over death still continuing
It is believed that on August 18, 1945, he died in a plane crash in Taiwan, but no evidence of the accident was found. The death of Subhash Chandra Bose is still a matter of controversy and Indian history is the biggest doubt.
Essay / Summary of Subhash Chandra Bose
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was born on 23 January 1897 in a prosperous Bengali family of Cuttack in Orissa. Bose’s father’s name was ‘Jankinath Bose’ and mother’s name was ‘Impression’.
Jankinath Bose was a popular advocate of Cuttack and Jankinath Bose had a total of 14 offspring, including 6 daughters and 8 sons. Subhash Chandra Bose was their ninth child and fifth son of all his brothers, Subhash was most attracted to Sharad Chandra.
Netaji, his early education took place at the RevenueShow Collegiate School in Cuttack. Subsequently, his education came from Presidency College and Scottish Church College in Calcutta, and later to prepare for the Indian Administrative Service (Indian Civil Service), his parents sent Bose to Cambridge University in England.
It was very difficult for the Indians to go to Civil Services during the British rule but they got the fourth position in the Civil Services Examination.
In 1921, after receiving news of rising political activities in India, Bose withdrew his candidacy and returned to India soon. After leaving the Civil Service, he joined the Indian National Congress. Subhash Chandra Bose did not agree with Mahatma Gandhi’s views on non-violence.
In fact, Mahatma Gandhi used to lead the liberal party, while Subhash Chandra Bose was a fond of revolutionary revolutionaries. The views of Mahatma Gandhi and Subhash Chandra Bose were different, but he knew very well that Mahatma Gandhi and his motto are one, that is, the independence of the country. First of all, Gandhiji was addressed as Netaji by calling him Gandhi as Father of the Nation.
After being elected the President of the Indian National Congress in 1938, he formed the National Planning Commission.
This policy was not conducive to Gandhian economic ideas. In 1939, Bose again defeated a Gandhian opponent and won. Gandhi took it as a defeat. On being elected president, Gandhiji said that Bose’s victory was my defeat and it seemed like he would resign from the Congress Working Committee.
Due to opposition from Gandhiji, this ‘rebel president’ felt the need to give resignation. Seeing the persistent opposition of Gandhi, he left Congress himself.
Meanwhile, the second world war broke out. Bose believed that independence can be achieved with the enemies of the British. Given his views, he was detained in Kolkata by the British Government but he escaped from there with the help of his nephew Shishir Kumar Bose. He traveled to Germany via Afghanistan and the Soviet Union.
Before joining active politics Netaji traveled the whole world. He lived in Europe from 1933 to 36 This period in Europe was Hitler’s Nazism and Mussolini’s fascism. The target of Nazism and fascism was England, which had put forward unilateral agreements on Germany after World War I.
They wanted to take revenge from England. India was also occupied by the British and Netaji was seen as a friend of the future in Hitler and Mussolini in the fight against England. Enemies have an enemy friend. He believed that diplomacy and military cooperation are also required for political activities as well as to achieve independence.
In 1937, Subhash Chandra Bose married his secretary and the Austrian woman Emily. Both of them also had a daughter named Anita, who currently resides in Germany. Netaji met with Hitler. He did much work for the British rule and freedom of the country.
He left Germany in 1943. From there, he reached Japan. From Japan, he reached Singapore Where he took the command of the Azad Hind Fauj, established by Captain Mohan Singh in his own hands. At that time Ras Bihari Bose was the leader of the Azad Hind Fauj.
He reconstituted the Azad Hind Fauj. Rani Jhansi Regiment was formed for women, whose Lakshmi Sehgal became the Captain.
Subhash Chandra Bose, known as ‘Netaji’, established ‘Azad Hind Government’ on October 21, 1943, with the aim of liberating India by a strong revolution and formed ‘Azad Hind Fauj’, a flag on the logo of this organization.
But there was a picture of the roar of the tiger. Netaji reached Burma on July 4, 1944, with his free Indian army. This was the place where he said the famous words “Give me blood, and I will give you freedom”
Netaji is said to have died in an air crash near Taiwan on August 18, 1945, while leaving Tokyo (Japan), but his dead body could not be found. There is still a dispute on the reasons for Netaji’s death.