Earth is such a marvelous planet in our solar system where life sustains. Be it on the land, or deep under the land one can witness species sustaining with the limited amount of light that the surface gets. You can notice many animals/fishes and micro-organisms staying when you explore some of the deepest parts of the earth. Here are the top 10 deepest places on earth that one needs to dare to explore.
10. Majlis al Jinn Cave, Oman – 310 m Depth
The Majilis al Jinn cave located in Oman is one of the deepest chambers in the world. It is approximately at the depth of 310 m and one of the ways to get in here is through abseiling. In 2007, Felix Baumgartner BASE jumped inside the cave. The two persons named Chris Sharma and Stefan Glowacz descended to the bottom of the cave which before was unexplored.
9. Guatemala Sinkhole – 325 Feet Depth
A massive sinkhole appeared in Guatemala City, Guatemala. It measured a staggering 60ft wide and 325 feet deep and it formed near the busy street of Guatemala. The sinkhole swallowed the entire 3 storey building that was built on the ground. It is said that the sinkhole developed due to Tropical storm Agatha, Pacaya volcanic eruption, limestone, and leakage in underground pipes.
8. Woodingdean Well – 1200 Feet Depth
The Woodingden Well located in the UK is one of the deepest hand-dug well in the world where goes as deep as 1200 ft below sea level. It was originally planned to dig for only 400 ft but it went way deeper than the original plan. It was dug by workers who had no safety conditions, it was accessible by wooden stairs. It has been closed and is not accessible to the public now.
7. Mir Mine – 1722 Feet Depth
Mir Mine is one of the most expensive mines in the world, it is an open-pit diamond mine located in eastern Siberia. It measures a staggering 1722 ft and has a diameter of over a mile. The mine was so powerful that the crater used to pull helicopters flying over it. Thus, the area surrounding the mine for over 5000 miles was declared as a no-fly zone.
6. Lake Baikal, Russia – 5400 Feet Depth
Lake Baikal is the deepest freshwater lake in the world which reaches a distance of more than 5400 ft. Many attempts were made either by humans or by use of machines to explore its depth where Anatoly Sagalevich a free diver dived the lake and reached around 5,371 ft in the year 1990.
Later many scientists from the Russian Academy of Sciences explore the place by sending the small submersible craft down in 2008 where it reached around 5180ft. Now the lake is a popular tourist attraction with many resorts dotting the shore of the lake.
5. Mponeng Mine, South Africa – 10,560 Feet Depth
One of the world’s deepest operational gold mines is located in Johannesburg, South Africa. It has depths reaching over 10,560 ft and to reach the end of the mine it takes an hour to reach.
The temperature down the mine reaches a staggering 66C and to cool down, the workers use ice slurry is pumped continuously to maintain the temperature to 30C. Ventilation through high-speed fans is provided by the workers to enable airflow regulation throughout the mine.
4. Litke Deep – 17,881 Feet Depth
Located in the arctic sea and near to Eurasian base, Litke Deep is naturally formed deepest place on earth which reaches a depth of 17,881 ft. It is located near to the North Pole and the weather in this region is cold this region has different flora and fauna as compared to the nearby regions of the ocean. The deep is named after the Russian ship the Fyodor Litke which was used by the Soviets during World War II.
3. Milwaukee Deep, Central America – 28,860 Feet Depth
Located in the Puerto Rico trench in Central America, Milwaukee deep reaches a staggering 28,860 ft and is named after US Naval Vessel USS Milwaukee. The deep was discovered on February 14, 1939, and it recorded the first-ever reading of 28860ft. Formed between two trenches, scientists estimate that a small earthquake here can trigger a huge tsunami which may end up in loss of lives.
2. Mariana Trench – 35,000 Feet Depth
The most famous trench in the world, the Mariana trench located in the Pacific Ocean goes as deep as 35,000 ft and is one of the most famous places in the world. Despite its depth, humans tried to explore the deep where there was intense competition between James Cameron and Richard Branson to explore the depth.
In the competition, James Cameron won when he ventured deep which took him 2 hours and 30 minutes to reach and he collected samples and observed life forms in the trench.
1. Kola Superdeep Borehole – 40,230 Feet Depth
Extending as deep as 40,230 ft below the sea surface, the Kola Superdeep borehole is the deepest place on the earth and is man-made. The interesting fact about this is that this borehole had never used any human assistance and was dug completely by machines.
Originally it was planned to dig for around 49,000 ft however as it ventured deep the temperature at the bottom reached nearly 260C which made it difficult for the machines to dig deeper. It is nearly 1/3rd of the way down the earth’s crust.