National Awards in India: Each country appreciates and recognizes the efforts of its citizens likewise India also identifies and grants them different categories of rewards.
The rewards are honored on the basis of their contribution in various fields such as science, sports, social cause, and the welfare of humanity, entertainment, medical, arts, etc.
A jury presides over the name of different inscriptions based on different parameters. These awards are intended to appreciate and recognize the excellent work done by the people in different fields.
The selection of the winner is made after the analysis of the achievement compared to others. The selection board is formed by educated and experienced people who occupy a prestigious position in the nation who work to decide the winners.
Here is the top National awards are given to the achievers by the Government with pride on the behalf of the people of the country.
10. Sahitya Akademi Award (1954)
Sahitya Akademi Award is the highest award honored for the people in the field of Literature every year.
The awards are given for the major 24 languages including the 22 languages mentioned in the (8th schedule) of our Constitution, and also the Sahitya Akademi considers English and Rajasthani as well.
This award was designed by Satyajit Ray an Indian film-maker, and prior to this plaque was made with marble but because of overweight it was stopped and substituted with a National savings bond at the time of Indo-Pak war in 1965.
This award consists of ₹1,00,000 cash prize, at the start, it was Rs. 25,000 over the period of time it was increased.
Some of the recent award winners are Anees Salim, Mamang Dai, Ramachandra Guha, etc.
9. Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar Award (1958)
The Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award for Science and Technology (SSB) is a scientific award given annually in India by the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) for it’s outstanding, applied or fundamental research in biology, chemistry, environmental science, engineering, mathematics, medicine, and physics.
It was started in the year 1958 with the eligibility criteria up to 45 years, honored with a plaque and a cash price of ₹5,00,000 and in addition, they get Rs. 15,000/month till they reach the age of 65.
2/3rd of the members of the board elect the person for this award, in the case of a tie both the persons will be rewarded in the same way.
Ganesh Nagaraju, Swadhin Kumar Mandal, Madineni Venkat Ratnam, are the few recent award holders.
8. Ashoka Chakra Award (1952)
Ashoka Chakra Award is given to the Military served person who has shown his courageous action in the war or self-sacrifice for the nation.
It is also honored for civilians in exceptional cases one who showed the bravery or self-sacrifice for the nation.
This award was started in 1952, from the year 1967 the award was classified in the names Ashoka Chakra, Kirti Chakra, and Shaurya Chakra.
In Feb 1999, the Central Government decided to pay the stipend for the award holders of Rs. 1400/month along with the cash prize of ₹8,00,000.
Nazir Ahmad Wani, Jyoti Prakash Nirala, Hangpan Dada, are the recent award winners.
Also read: Unknown Facts About India
7. Dadasaheb Phalke Award (1969)
Dadasaheb Phalke Award is honored to the field of Cinema, the people who stood in the growth and development of Cinema and has done a marvelous work are been elected by a committee.
This award was started in 1969 by the Government of India, the first film to receive this award was Raja Harishchandra in the year 1913, based on the true story from our history.
This great award consists of Swarna Kamal(Golden Lotus) Medal, honorable shawl, and also with the cash prize of Rs.1,000,000.
Shashi Kapoor, Lata Mangeshkar, Asha Bhosle are the few winners who won these award holders.
6. Arjuna Award (1961)
Arjuna award is honored to the outstanding Sports achievers by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports who play to make our country proud.
This award was started in 1961, it contains a statue made with Bronze, a scroll and the cash prize of Rs.5,00,000.
From the year 2001, the Games/Sports was categorized as follows:
a) Olympic/Asian/Commonwealth/World Cup/ World Championship Disciplines & Cricket.
b) Physically Challenged Sports
c) Indigenous Games
V.J. Surekha, Ankur dhama, Sikki Reddy are the few recent award winners of India.
5. Param Vir Chakra (1947)
Param Vir Chakra is the highest honor shown to the Soldier who has sacrificed their life or to the bravery shown in the war field. It was started in the year 1947
This award dates back to the time frame of British East India Company with the name Order of Merit later became Indian Order of Merit, post-Independence it was renamed as Param Vir Chakra.
This award comprises for all Navy, Air, and Naval Defence system, the award holder or their family if he is no more gets the monthly stipend of ₹10,000 along with other benefits like 75% concession on Indian Airway travel, first-class or AC 2 tier train pass, etc. which are exempted from tax.
Captain Vikram Batra, Rifleman Sanjay Kumar, Grenadier Yogendra Singh Yadav are few award winners.
4. Padma Shri (1954)
Padma Shri is the highest Civilian award honored on the great occasion of Republic day of India. This award is considered the fields of education, science, sports, arts, social service, etc.
This award was started in 1954, now the Indian Government also allowed the public to nominate the people in the online platform.
The plaque is designed with geometrical pattern and material used is stainless steel, this award does not contain any monetary reward only the certificate signed by the President and the medal will be given.
Swami Vishudhananda, Hiralal Yadav, Venkateswara Rao Yadlapalli are the few recently awarded.
3. Padma Bhushan (1954)
As we all know that the Padma awards are the highest honored awards, in that Padma Bhushan is the 3rd highest award honored to the Civilians who have done the great work in any field.
The recommendations are received from all state and Union territory Governments along with various institutions between 1st May – 15th September.
It was started in the year 1954, it includes even Government servants but excludes Public sector undertakings and it does not contain any monetary reward.
Recently awards distributed to Bachendri Pal, V. K. Shunglu, Hukmdev Narayan Yadav, etc.
2. Padma Vibhushan (1954)
Padma Vibhushan is the highest award in the Padma awards and it is honored to the Civilians, the awards are distributed among various fields like Arts, Medicine, Sports, Social Works, etc.
On the award, the Padma shape embossed written Padma Vibhushan and also at the back it is written Satyamev Jayte in Devnagri language.
As all Padma awards started in 1954 even Padma Vibhushan also the same. Interestingly Sachin Tendulkar received this award as the youngest person to get this award for his contribution to Indian Cricket.
The few recent award winners are P. Parameswaran, Anil Manibhai Naik, Balwant Moreshwar Purandare, etc.
1. Bharat Ratna (1954)
Bharat Ratna awarded as the highest honor shown to the Civilians who have done remarkable work in their field.
The award is designed in Peepal leaf with Bronze material, as we worship Peepal tree as a god, it is the symbol of the utmost prestigious one. The sun is embossed on the people leaf and Bharat Ratna is written in Devanagari language, and at the back, the symbol of the emblem is presented.
It was started in the year 1954, and C.V. Raman was the first person to receive the award. There is no cash prize but has other benefits like first-class travel in flight and train, eligible for Z category protection, VVIP status, etc.
Some of the famous people who received this award were Mother Teresa, Sachin Tendulkar, Lal Bahadur Shastri, etc.
Also read: List of Bharat Ratna Award Winners