India is known for its diversity, even from small insects to large species. As of 2020, there are 105 National Parks in India after China and Thailand, ranking 3rd in having most the parks in Asia. Indian land is also diversified with western ghats, deserts, the Himalayans, Hot Regions, Cold Regions, etc.
Hence you can see the species in India vary from place to place adjusting to their surrounding environment. Although the forest cover in India is around 22%, the species cover 10% of the world’s species. India’s first national park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park, now known as Jim Corbett National Park located in the state of Uttarakhand.
The National park and wildlife sanctuary in India varies as Tiger Reserve, Desert Sanctuary, Bird Sanctuary, Marine Park, and even Floating National Park. The best time to visit all National Parks in India is between October to March. Today I will let you know the top 10 National Parks in India you must never miss visiting in your lifetime.
10. Sundarban National Park
As the name reveals, it is a beautiful national park located in West Bengal, Sundarban National Park’s surroundings are a densely covered mangrove forest that has a tiger reserve and a biosphere reserve. With a large number of birds and biodiversity including the Royal Bengal tigers, this place is listed as one of the UNESCO World Heritage sites.
The place is formed by the Ganges and Brahmaputra River delta, there is a huge and beautiful place for species to live happily in the natural environment. It is a unique landscape that attracts people through wildlife, mangroves, river flow, birds, and rich biodiversity.
9. Periyar National Park
Periyar National park is one of the world’s unique biodiversity places located in the western ghats of Kerala, it was made a wildlife sanctuary in 1950. This place is important for the Elephant population and many other species like leopards, deer, and lions including 40+ Bengal tigers.
Rare flora and fauna are protected in this forest, interestingly here 266 species of birds can be seen in the park, including the migrants that come from all around the world. Periyar has both a tiger reserve and an elephant reserve that attracts millions of visitors every year.
8. Bandipur National Park
Bandipur National Park in starting days was created by the King of Mysore with 90 km2 in 1931 under the name Venugopala Wildlife Park later under the Tiger project it was made Bandipur Tiger Reserve and National Park. This place has many species like Deers, Sloth Bears, Panthers, and Snakes, it is enriched with biodiversity and attract tourists in spending their time.
The park has the Kabini river in the north and the Moyar river in the south, and mainly the Nugu river runs through the park. At the peak point of the hill, Himavad Gopalaswamy Temple is famous for the Hindu religion, people who visit the park will not miss visiting the temple as well.
7. Nagarhole National Park
Nagarhole National Park has a Tiger reserve and Wild-life Sanctuary located in the Kodagu and Mysore districts of Karnataka. It comes under the UNESCO World Heritage Site. The area is covered with rich trees, waterfalls, hills, and valleys. You can find commercially important trees such as rosewood, teak, sandalwood, and silver oak.
Jenu Kurubas are the tribes that live in this forest, they are restricted by the govt to enter these Parks which also helps them to bring to the mainstream society. Balle Elephant Camp is a Karnataka Forest Camp facility inside Nagarhole National Park. It is located between Kerala and Karnataka forests.
6. Ranthambore National Park
In 1980, Ranthambore National Park was officially established by the Government, it is one of the largest and most famous national parks in North India. The park is located in the Sawai Madhopur district in the southeastern part of Rajasthan, about 130 km from Jaipur.
Once considered one of the famous ancient hunting grounds of the Maharajas of Jaipur, the land of Ranthambore National Park is today a major wildlife tourist attraction that has caught the attention of many wildlife photographers and enthusiasts…
5. Kanha National Park
Kanha National Park lies in the heart of India i.e. the central part of India Madya Pradesh. Interestingly, it belongs to one of the most well-maintained wildlife areas in the world. Here the jungle is dense along with the streams on its way.
Most of the tourist visit this place to spot Wild animals and enjoy the Sunset in Bammi Dadar. The best place to visit this place is from October to June. The park contains various plants and species including a tiger reserve. This land became the inspiration for Rudyard Kipling to write “Jungle Book”.
4. Bandhavgarh National Park
Bandhavgarh is an amazing site of majestic creatures and the Bandhavgarh safari makes you feel it is a fully organized way. It is located in Vindhya Hills in Madhya Pradesh, it is the place also known for its highly dense Royal Bengal Tigers.
The park was created by Maharaja of Rewa for hunting purposes later Government initiated and made it world-famous. Many times Elephant shows are also organized in the Magdi zone of the park to attract visitors.
3. Gir National Park
Gir National Park is the only place that remained for Asiatic Lion, other parts of Asia are completely wiped out because of hunting and other practices. There were hardly 20 lions in 1913, later with the interventions of Nawabs of Junagarh and the Forest Department, NGOs now the numbers have increased to 523+ and you can find other rare and almost extinct species here.
Every year the park closes from 16 June to 15 October for maintenance, the best time to visit the place is from December to March. Gir National Park and Sanctuary face a series of threats to their ecosystem from natural hazards including recurring droughts, cyclones, and wildfires.
2. Jim Corbett National Park
Jim Corbett National Park is the oldest park located in the foothills of the Himalayas in the state of Uttarakhand. It contains many medicinal plants and is a place for many living beings. It was established in the year 1936, its main objective is to protect Bengal Tiger.
Almost 73% of the park covers the forest containing haldu, sal, peepal, Rohini, and mango trees. Here Wildlife photographers visit to capture amazing pictures around the world.
1. Kaziranga National Park
Kaziranga National Park is one of the UNESCO sites, located in Assam State. This park is special because it has the most one-horned rhinos in the world. In 1903, only 12 of them were left but due to the efforts made to increase in number by giving protection now, the number has grown to 2401 as per the 2015 census.
The park has numerous water bodies that help animals and birds to drink water along with marine species. Here you can find Asiatic water buffalo, the eastern swamp deer, elephants, gaur, etc. Kaziranga National Park has received the highest protection under the Indian Wildlife Conservation Act.