Short and Long Essay on Diwali in English For Students

Diwali 2021: we provided the best essay on Diwali in English for students in 50 words, 100 words, 250 words, 500 words, 750 words, and 1000 words. It includes information, celebration, past history, and significance of Diwali.

Essay on Diwali Festival – 50 words

In Hindu culture, Diwali is the most famous and prestigious festival. Diwali is the festival of lights, joy, distributing sweets, cheers, worship, burning firecrackers, and celebration of victory over the dark. ‘Diwali’ comes from the Sanskrit word Deepavali where ‘Deep’ or ‘Deepak’ means the holistic flame, which welcomes peace, wealth, and wisdom. Diwali is believed to be the Hindu New year where people worship God and Goddess for their bright future.

Essay on Diwali Festival – 100 words

Diwali is the most diverse and famous festival in India. On this day, the entire nation is adorned with beautiful oil lamps, fairy lamps, candles, and vibrant garlands. Every corner of the country from houses to offices and shops are lit up with decorative lights.  Cleaning home, and shops prior to the festival and making special sweets is an integral part of the festival.

The festival of light illuminates its flame as the win over devil powers. By decorating all locations, people celebrate the victory of holy power and welcome God Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi. Hindus believe they will bring prosperity, wealth, enrichment, and wisdom. After all, it’s the kid’s favorite festival where they get new clothes, sweets, toys, and firecrackers which is great fun to have.

Essay on Diwali Festival – 250 words 

Diwali is the festival of celebration of glorious victories of auspicious strength against the evil powers across the nation. It is a festival of light, glory, and happiness. According to the mythological story of Ramayana, the Celebration of Diwali was started to welcome King Rama. Rama was returning to Ayodhya after 14 years of exile where he defeated all the demons including the demon king Ravana.

In this way, he returned by establishing peace and happiness. All citizens decorated their houses and city with oil lamps and Rangoli to welcome him. It was the ceremony of lights over the dark. Since then in Hindu culture, it is a significant festival.

By following the tradition of Diwali, we all decorate our homes together with candles, oil lamps, flowers, and by making Rangoli with colored rice, etc. When people work together they forgive each other for past mistakes and it develops love between family members.

On Diwali night Lord Ganesh and Devi Lakshmi are worshipped for prosperity and wealth. Diya’s and Rangoli are placed in front of the house for showing a warm welcome, especially to Devi Lakshmi.

From ancient times to today the festival also has evolved itself. The addition of firecrackers is one of them. Children eagerly wait for Diwali to enjoy burning crackers, cherry bombs, and bottle rockets. But overusing them is causing serious issues to our environment. While enjoying our favorite festival we need to be aware as well about pollution. So, we should try to celebrate the festival without burning crackers.

Essay on Diwali Festival – 500 words

Hindu Mythological stories have significant value in almost every Hindu cultural festival. And Diwali is not an exception. The tradition of Diwali also comes from the iconic story of Ramayana. Diwali is a transition word of Sanskrit ‘ Deepavali’ or ‘Deepawali’ that means ‘row of lights’.

On Diwali, the whole country wore the glory of the victory of Rama in the form of light. In Hindu culture, it was the day when Rama returned to his Kingdom Ayodhya after winning over evil. The festival is all about welcoming virtue. In the complacency of welcoming Rama from ancient times each year, we celebrate the festival of light. For all people, Diwali is not just another celebration but it’s a hope to us for looking at our life with a positive approach.   

On the New year of the Hindu calendar, people believe to start their first day with delightful enjoyment so their whole year could be pleasant. In the western influence currently, there are very few days when we nourish our cultures. Diwali is one of the few days when we get the chance. For this day, we wait a whole year to wear our traditional Indian wear. On the special day of Diwali, everyone wears their new, glittering, gorgeous traditional attire, from youngsters to teenagers to adults.

On Diwali, we can observe the mixture of traditional practices with modern elements. We decorate our homes, workplaces, and shops with both handcrafted earthen lamps and electric fairy and LED lighting, as examples. The government offices and apartments are also lit up with lights. The most fun part of Diwali is when the family gets a chance to work together. Siblings and children decorate the house with candles, oil lamps and make Rangoli with colored rice at the front door to welcome Devi Lakshmi. 

While the adults of our home make sweets specially Laddus together, which is the favorite sweet of God Ganesh. They worshipped Devi Lakshmi and God Ganesh who is the symbol of wealth, prosperity, and wisdom. According to Hindu Scriptures, Devi Lakshmi gives a visit to clean households at night to bless all members with wealth and prosperity.   

Aside from the devotion to our God and Goddess neighbors distribute sweets and gifts to each other. The next day of Diwali spouses exchanges gifts. The last day of Diwali known as Bhai dooj or Bhaiya dooj is the day of celebration between brothers and sisters. On this day the brother and sister show affection to each other. Brothers promise their sisters to protect them from any danger while sisters pray to God for their brother’s welfare.

Diwali brings lots of happiness and blessings to our lives, but nowadays the cons of this vibrant celebration are severe. Excessive use of poisonous firecrackers and cherry bombs harms the environment, animals each year.

The effects of firecrackers’ toxic chemicals and smoke are just too dangerous for asthma and heart patients. In big cities, the next day of Diwali people can’t get out of their houses due to excessive pollution in the air. Even taking proper breathing is tough in some areas.

So as responsible citizens in this year and the upcoming Diwali years we should try to avoid bursting firecrackers that could harm our earth. The government is also taking care of the situation by limiting the firecrackers.

We should celebrate our traditional festivals to glorify our culture, not to cause trouble. Maintaining the heredity of the culture we should adopt more natural elements to celebrate the victory of light over dark.

Essay on Diwali Festival-750 words

Diwali or Deepavali is the most colorful and vibrant festival among the all rich cultural festivals of India. It is the most favorite festival for all from children to adults. Children eagerly wait for this festival the whole year to get their favorite sweets, clothes and decorate their houses with candles. While adults are looking for the festival to enjoy their life with their friends, families, and loved ones.

It is the festival of lights that symbolizes the victory of light over darkness. The celebration conveys a powerful message: even on the darkest night of the year, people come together to light up the flame of hope, prosperity, and blessings.

Mythological Stories of Diwali

People of India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Thailand, Fiji, and many other countries have celebrated Diwali since ancient times. The celebration of light started by the people of Ayodhya in the happiness of the return of King Rama. They have welcomed Rama by decorating the whole city with earthen lights. As Rama defeated the evil demon king Ravana before coming back, folks celebrated the victory by lighting up the lamps.

From that time, the tradition of the Diwali celebration is still uninterrupted. Hindus, Sikhs, and Jains from various parts of the country perform a variety of rituals to establish good power over devil energy.

There is another mythological story behind the Diwali celebration. This story also illustrates the defeat of evil entities and the flourish of peace. According to Mahabharata, Narakasura was certainly another evil monster who spread oppression to society.  Lord Krishna, the incarnation of God Vishnu defeats Narakasura and brings happiness to the earth again.

As a result, lots of people celebrate Diwali as joy against the demon Narakasura. But all ancient stories convey the same message of the joy of light against dark. Aside from the numerous tale cultures in the country, for the same festival, individuals from various locations worship different gods and goddesses.

Devotees from most parts of India worship Goddess Lakshmi to welcome her in their houses. They believe Devi Lakshmi visits their houses on Diwali nights to bless them with wealth and prosperity. Cleaning homes and decorating the doors with earthen lamps is the way of showing welcome to her.

While in the Bengal region people show devotion at midnight to goddess Kali. Kali is the incarnation of Devi Parvati. She transforms herself to kill Demon Rakatabij to save other Gods and end the devil community.

Significance of Diwali

The Festival not only carries spiritual impacts but also has socio-economic importance as well. In Society, festivals like Diwali play a crucial role in gathering people. It gives a chance to all to enjoy themselves with their family members. In the five days of the festival, all family members who stay away come back home. That’s why Diwali has a significant value in everybody’s heart.

From an economic perspective, some Hindu communities believe Diwali as the New Year. On Diwali, all businessmen open new cash books for their stores and factories and close their previous debts. At homes, offices, and shops we worship Devi Lakshmi with the hope of wealth, growth, and prosperity for the coming year.

Lakshmi is the Goddess of Wealth and Prosperity and according to mythological scriptures, on the Day of Diwali, she was married to Lord Vishnu. People say she visits our houses on Diwali night to bless us with success, and welfare.

In this festival of light, people tend to forget past arguments and quarrels. Many neighbors and relatives pardon each other for their past mistakes and greet each other by heart. It drags people socially closer and, in the holistic assembly of lights, darkness disappears from our minds too.

Consequences of Unaware Celebration

The way we celebrate our festival has changed dramatically from antiquity to the current period. In ancient times people used to use more natural ingredients to decorate and light up their houses. But nowadays the addition of harmful chemical products like firecrackers, sound bombs, fire-rockets and many more turns the festival into danger for everyone.

While many people are unaware of the consequences behind the fun of bursting firecrackers and some are indifferent about it. The noise and air pollution caused by the excessive burning of firecrackers are the main concern for the nation each year after Diwali Day. 

We need to be more aware of our environment and surrounding people who could be in danger due to the smoke generated by the firebombs. This Diwali we should try a new way of enjoying the day without touching firecrackers because they could be dangerous for children as well.

Essay on Diwali Festival -1000 words

India is a country of Festivals. Among them, Diwali is the brightest festival where the whole country is lit up with lamps. Diwali is a festival of lights that signifies hope, peace, and harmony. The word ‘Diwali’ comes from the Sanskrit word ‘Deepavali’ or ‘Dipawali’ which means an array of lights. Here, ‘deep’ means earthen lamps and ‘Avail’ means ‘a row’. In this festival, people adorn their houses and workplaces with (diyas) earthen lamps as a form of celebration. 

In India Hindus, Buddhists, and Sikhs celebrate Diwali. In the Hindu religion, people consider earthen lamps as the purest form of worship. Nowadays along with earthen lamps fairy lamps and LED lights have also taken place to illuminate the power of light.

Hindus believe when they decorate their houses with lights it expels all the evil entities and brings good power. It is one of the biggest festivals in India where people start their preparation months before. According to the Hindu calendar, Diwali comes on the 15th day of Kartika month. That’s why the date varies each year between the last of October to the beginning of November. Usually, Diwali night comes after eighteen days of Dussehra.

Historic and religious beliefs on Diwali

India is rich in its ancient cultures and stories. In a diverse country like India, behind every worship, the cultural and regional beliefs vary. After Dussehra, Diwali is the most celebrated festival of all communities of India.

It is the festival of ancient profound stories and beliefs. There are various stories behind the event, according to various Hindu ancient books such as the ‘Ramayana’ and ‘Mahabharata.’ People from different regions celebrate Diwali with different stories of victory.

The most common belief comes from the Hindu mythological book ‘Ramayana’. Diwali was first celebrated by the citizens of Ayodhya Nagari (city) in honor of King Rama. On this day Rama returned to Ayodhya with his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana after 14 years of exile. During this period the giant king ‘Ravana’ of Sri Lanka kidnapped his wife Sita. To return his wife Rama fought against the demon and killed him. 

Slaughter of the Demons and their king, Ravan was the victory of holy power against evil. Therefore, all the people of the Nagari welcomed their king vigorously and celebrated the triumph of good over bad. To illuminate the joy of good against bad they decorated every house and each corner of the city with lights.

Association of Diwali with Goddess Lakshmi and God Ganesh is common in Northern India and Jain families. The Hindus of north India and Jains worship the goddess of wealth and prosperity Lakshmi and God Ganesha on Diwali. Ganesha is the god of wisdom and intellect. Hindus believe on this day they are welcoming wisdom and wealth in their houses.

According to certain Hindu communities, Diwali signifies the beginning of the New Year. On this day businessmen open their new cash books with the blessings of the Goddess of prosperity Lakshmi.

Furthermore, the Hindu Community of West Bengal worships Devi Kali on the same day of Diwali. In Bengal, it is known as Kali puja which is as famous as Durga Puja. According to mythological myths, the demon Raktabija was an unbeatable monster who led an attack on heaven with his team. Hence all the God and Goddess have to leave heaven and they reach Devi Parvati to seek help.

Kali was the angry incarnation of Devi Parvati, who killed the evil demon Raktabija and established peace again in heaven. People worship Goddess Kali for strength and courage to destroy the dark powers surrounding us.

The beauty of the Diwali Celebration

In India, every festival is full of unique cultural practices that bind people in harmony. The rituals help people to forgive each other and start a new journey of joy. The commencement of Diwali start before months where people start cleaning their houses, offices, finish the renovation work before the festival.

Hindus believe that God only visits the clean households to bless them on Diwali, so cleaning is a priority that must be done on time to welcome Goddess Lakhsmi. Diwali is a five days festival where each day carries a holistic significance.


The first day of Diwali is known as Dhanteras. The word ‘Dhan’ means wealth and ‘Teras’ depicts the thirteen days of Krishna Paksha of the Hindu calendar. As per its name, the ritual of the day is to buy new utensils (especially gold and silver ) and ornaments. People believe that the day of Dhanteras is the most holistic day to buy ornaments and it will bring good luck for them.

Like all other Hindu festivals behind the Dhanteras, there is a mythological story too. Here a wife saved her husband from the Death king Yamaraj with the help of dazzling ornaments.

Choti Diwali

This is the day before Diwali known as Choti Diwali. In the Bengal region, it’s also known as ‘Bhoot Chaturdashi’ and in some places ‘Naraka Chaturdashi’. Chaturdashi signifies the fourteenth day of the month. This is the day where people get ready with their final preparation for Diwali.

On this day, they buy earthen lamps, sweets, elements of decoration, and worship, etc. On the evening of Choti Diwali, people only light up fourteen oil lamps by following an ancient tradition.

Bari Diwali or Deepavali

It is the final day of celebration for which we all eagerly wait for a whole year. On this day the entire nation immerses in the gorgeous celebration of light. We see fireworks, firecrackers everywhere. This is the day on which we welcome Devi Lakshmi. 

Annakut, Padwa,or Govardhan puja

The fourth day of Diwali Puja is marked with different names in several regions of the country. People from different places practice very different rituals on this day. However, the exchange of sweets and presents is an essential part of the day for the entire nation.

Bhai Dooj

It is the end of the festival. According to its name, ‘Bhai’ means brother. It’s the ceremony of a brother-sister relationship. On this day brothers and sisters promise each other and pray for their well-being.

The sad part of the Festival

The sad part is when people forget to take care of our nature while celebrating. Due to the lack of awareness, we spread pollution to our nature. Extreme sounds of firecrackers and smoke make the situation worse for certain groups of people and street dogs. Diwali is a prestigious festival that we should celebrate decently by avoiding harmful firecrackers.

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