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National Symbols of India

The National Symbols of India represent the image of the country and have been chosen carefully representing the history, culture, tradition, climate, people, nature, pride, etc.

Here in Jaborejob.com, we provided the information on the National Symbols of India with pride, also containing topics of your interest, in the future as well.



The National Animal symbolizes power, National Flower symbolizes purity, National Tree symbolizes immortality, National Bird symbolizes elegance, National Fruit symbolizes the tropical climate of the country, National Song & National anthem symbolizes the source of inspiration for the struggle for freedom, National Emblem of India symbolizing power, courage, pride, and confidence, etc…

Here is the 18 Must-Know National Symbols of Incredible India, you may be knowing but we provided in-depth information.

  1. National Anthem of India – Jana Gana Mana
  2. National Animal of India – Bengal Tiger
  3. National Tree of India – Banyan Tree
  4. National Song of India – Vande Mataram
  5. National Flag of India – Tiranga
  6. National Bird of India – Peacock
  7. National Flower of India – Lotus
  8. National Fruit of India – Mango
  9. National Emblem of India – Ashoka Lion
  10. National Game of India – Hockey
  11. National Aquatic Animal of India – Dolphin
  12. National Vegetable of India – Indian Pumpkin
  13. National Calendar of India – SAKA Era
  14. National Pledge of India – A Promise
  15. National Currency of India – Rupee Symbol
  16. National Reptile of India – King Cobra
  17. National River of India – River Ganga
  18. National Microbe of India – Lactobacillus Delbrueckii

List of National Symbols of India


1) National Anthem of India – Jana Gana Mana.

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National Anthem of India

Every country will have its own National Anthem which is sung on special events like, school day, or before starting sports, national day, inaugurations, etc.

The National Anthem of India, “Jana Gana Mana”, was written in the Bengali language by Nobel Prize winner Rabindranath Tagore in 1911. It was the first time that it was sung at the Calcutta Congress session on December 27, 1911.

The song Jana Gana Mana was published for the first time with the title “Bharat Vidhata” in Tattva Bodhini Patrika in January 1912. Later, the song was translated from the Bengali language to the English language in 1919 under the title “Morning Song of India”.

The song was adopted as National Anthem on 24th January 1950 in the Hindi language. It takes the total completion of about 52 seconds, in the shortest version with the first and last lines of the stanza take 20 seconds to sing.

The song shows the national heritage of India and shows patriotism, pride, and national loyalty. It acts as a catalyst for the feeling of national pride.

An interesting fact to be noticed initially that the original Bengali poem was containing only the provinces mentioned under British rule were mentioned, namely, Punjab, Sind, Gujarat, Maratha, etc. These princely states (Kashmir, Rajasthan, Andhra, Mysore or Kerala) that were ruled by the Portuguese were not mentioned in the anthem.

The Anthem speaks the differences in culture, beliefs, caste and religion and the feeling of unity that reigns in each Indian.

Read more: National Anthem of India


2) National Animal of India – Bengal Tiger.

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National Animal of India

The Bengal tiger was declared as a National Animal of India in April 1973, with the launching of the ‘Project Tiger’, designed to protect tigers in India.

Till date, 27 tiger reserves have been established in the country under this project, covering an area of ​​37,761 km2. Before that, the lion was the national animal of India.

As a national animal of India, the tiger symbolizes the richness of Indian wildlife. There are approx 2,500 tigers in our country and statistics are increasing due to the praiseworthy efforts of the government of India.

You can find Bengal Tiger mainly in India and few parts of Nepal, Bhutan, China, Bangladesh, and Myanmar.

In India, you cannot hunt the National Animal Tiger for any purpose or else you will be punished under the law.

To give a place of honor to a national animal, the Bengal Tiger images have been placed on Indian Currency, as well as on Postage Stamps.

The scientific name of the Bengal tiger is Panthera Tigris and is the big 4 leg cats of the genus Panthera (lion, tiger, jaguar, and leopard).


3) National Tree of India – Banyan Tree.

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National Tree of India

The Indian Banyan Tree is the National Tree of India and symbolizes immortality. The roots of trees spread over a large area for a period of time. It represents longevity and is also part of Hindu mythology.

It has huge branches, strong trunks, and deep roots, it has a longer life than any other tree on the earth. You can see these type of trees near temples and is used for shelter. It also has tremendous medicinal value and is beneficial for the treatment of many diseases.



In Sanskrit, it is also called Kalpavriksha and, according to ancient accounts, it is considered a divine tree capable of fulfilling desires. It also serves as a meeting point for meetings and panchayats in the villages throughout the country.

Above is a video of Saalumarada Thimmakka who planted 380 Banyan Trees along a 4Km highway between Hulikal and Kudur in Karnataka, she cared trees like her children throughout her life by providing water and nutrition.

Another place Kabirvad is a small island on the Narmada River near Vadodara (Gujarat) and is popular for the gigantic Banyan tree that covers an area of ​​3.7 acres.

In Theravada Buddhism, it is said that this tree was used as a tree to attain enlightenment, or Bodhi, by the 24th Buddha called “Kassapa – කස්සප”.

In India, the Great Banyan in the Chandra Bose Botanical Garden of Jibadish in Shibpur, Howrah, whose canopy measures 18,918 square meters (203,630 square feet) and approximately 250 years of age.

Dodda Aladha Mara in Kettohalli, Karnataka, which has an area of 12,000 square meters (130,000 square feet) and is approximately 400 years old and it is the 4th biggest Banyan Tree in the world.


4) National Song of India – Vande Mataram.

National Song of India - Vande Mataram
National Song of India

The Indian National Song was composed in the Sanskrit language by poet Bankimchandra Chatterjee in 1870. He included this song in the novel Anandamath in 1882. He inspired many freedom fighters in the struggle for freedom.

The poem was composed in a song by Rabindranath Tagore. The first two verses of the song were adopted as the national song of India in October 1937 by the Congress Working Committee before the end of the colonial government in August 1947.

It was adopted as the national song of India by the National Assembly of India on 24th January 1950, and the meaning of 3 popular words is “I praise thee, mother”.

Originally, Vande Mataram (also pronounced as Bande Mataram) was the national anthem of India, but after independence, Jana Gana Mana was adopted as a national anthem. This was done because the non-Hindu communities in India had considered Vande Mataram partial.

These communities felt that the nation was represented by “Maa Durga” in the song. That’s why it became the national song of India and not the national anthem.

The National Song “Vande Mataram” was the only slogan of the entire nation for independence [against the British government] during the freedom movement.

The large gatherings, originally fermented in Bengal, in the great metropolis of Calcutta, would become patriotic fervor by shouting the slogan “Vande Mataram”. The British, feared the potential danger of an Indian-induced population, banned the book and recited the song as a crime.


5) National Flag of India – Tiranga.

National Flag of India, Tiranga
National Flag of India

A Tricolor Flag is the National Flag of India, the rectangle silk cloth is divided horizontally with 3 parts, it contains Saffron color at the top represents strength and courage of the country, White color in the center represents peace and truth and Green color at the bottom represents fertility, growth, and auspiciousness of the land.

In the center, it has a 24-spoke navy blue wheel called “Ashoka Chakra”. The flag represents Swaraj or freedom designed by Pingali Venkayya.

The national flag of India was adopted in its current form at the meeting of the Constituent Assembly on 22nd July 1947, a few days before India’s independence from the British, on 15th August 1947.

In accordance with the provisions of the Flag Code of India of 2002, members of the general public, private organizations, educational institutions, etc.

They are not subject to any restriction on the display of the national flag, except as provided in the Emblems and Names (Prevention) Act of 1950 on the prevention of insults to the national honor and any law enacted in this regard.

The first unofficial flag raised by the Indians appeared on August 7, 1906, in Parsee Bagan, Calcutta. The rectangular flag consisted of 3 horizontal stripes of green, yellow and red from top to bottom.

The highest green segment contained 8 lotuses representing 8 provinces, the middle yellow segment had the words Band Mataram in Sanskrit and the lower red band had a crescent on the left and sun on the right.


6) National Bird of India – Peacock.

National Bird of India, Peacock
National Bird of India

The Indian peacock was adopted as the National Bird of India. A bird native to the subcontinent, the peacock represents the unity of bright colors and finds references in Indian culture.

Another reason why the peacock is chosen as a national bird is due to its widespread presence throughout the country, so much so that even the common people know it well.

On 1st February 1963, the government of India decided to make the peacock as the national bird of India. The decision was taken after considering the opinions of state governments and the opinions expressed in the press.

The issue of choosing a national bird has been under consideration since the Tokyo Conference of the International Council for Bird Conservation, held in May 1960. This issue has been discussed by the Indian Wildlife and Wildlife Council.

State governments were also invited to give their point of view… Other birds considered for this honor include the great Indian bustard, the Sarus crane, the “Garuda” and the swan (Hamsa), the strong competitor was great Indian bustard.

The male species is more colorful than the female peacock, with a bright blue chest and neck and a spectacular bronze-green tail of approximately 200 elongated feathers.

The female is brown, slightly smaller than the male and has no tail. The elaborate dance of the parade of the male, unfolding its tail and opening its feathers, is a magnificent view.

The Indian peacock has benefited from special conservation efforts due to its status as the National Bird of India. The hunting of these birds is illegal.

Although the total number of Indian Peafowl is unknown, they are abundant enough to be labeled as “Minor Concern” by the IUCN Red List.

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