The Freedom Fighters of India were individuals who fought for freedom and who actively participated in our national movement in India to get rid of all the colonies established in India, in the name of the trade, and for other purposes.
There were many types of people who settled in India like Dutch, Portuguese, English, French, Turkish, and many others. The main problem was with the British started trading and after some time saw the opportunity and founded the East India Company. They had the power to rule in India under the charter granted by Queen Elizabeth. They treated the Indians as British slaves for a long period of time, for centuries.
Our Indian freedom fighters opposed this and fought against them. Mahatma Gandhi is the father of our nation who stood strong and achieved freedom by following his 2 big weapons “Truth and Non-Violence”, who have taken active participation in the freedom movement. With his practice of the law and following ethics and morals, he took the responsibility to act peacefully against the British.
There were only a few national leaders who got attention in the freedom movement, so we tried to cover as many people who have contributed or sacrificed their lives for us who have been neglected to appear on the frontier. We salute them!
Hansraj Ahir Minister of State responded to a question raised in Rajya Sabha said: India still has 37,356 freedom fighters living and receiving a pension of 594.81 crores of rupees.
Let us see the list of important freedom fighters and information with images below.
List of Freedom Fighters in India
1. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (1869-1948)
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was a great freedom fighter and an influential person for the people of India after an incident occurred while traveling by train. He played a leading role in India’s struggle for independence.
Gandhi is popularly known as Mahatma (an outstanding soul), Bapuji (affection for his father in Gujarati), and father of the country. Every year, his birthday is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti, a countrywide holiday in India, celebrated as the International Day of Non-violence.
Mahatma Gandhi helped to free India from British rule. Gandhiji had 2 weapons with him; Truth and nonviolence, which have inspired many other political leaders around the world, including Nelson Mandela, Martin Luther King, and Aung San Suu Kyi.
Gandhi, in addition to helping India to join the struggle for independence against the British, also led a simple life, Gandhi’s life was quite common and he became a great man in our life.
[ Also Checkout: Why Nathuram Godse Killed Gandhi? ]
2. Subhas Chandra Bose (1897-1945)
Subhas Chandra Bose is famous throughout India as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. He has continuously fought after the violent movement against the British regime for independence.
Subhas Chandra Bose left Congress even after becoming president of Congress in 1939, due to political differences with Mahatma Gandhi.
One day, he created his own Indian National Party called Azad Hind Fauj, convinced that Gandhiji’s policy of non-violence was not capable enough to make India an independent country.
Finally, he prepared a great and powerful Azad Hind Fauj to fight against the British government.
He traveled to Germany and founded the National Army of India with the help of prisoners of war and Indian residents.
After a great disappointment on the part of Hitler, he went to Japan and gave a famous slogan “Delhi Chalo” (means march in Delhi) to his Indian national army, where a violent struggle took place between Azad Hind Fauj and the Anglo-American forces.
Soon, Netaji left for Tokyo on the plane, but the plane crashed in Formosa. Netaji’s adventures still inspire millions of young Indians to do something for their country.
3. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (1889-1964)
In India, many people were born great and Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was one of them. He was the person who had great vision, honesty, hard work, sincerity, patriotism, and intellectual powers. He became the first prime minister of independent India, so he is named the architect of modern India.
It was at the origin of the famous slogan “Aram Haram Hai”. He became the first president of the National Planning Commission, and two years later, he created a National Development Council to improve the standard of living of indigenous people to improve the quality of life.
He loved children so much, so his birthday on November 14, celebrated as Children’s Day in India. He was called Chacha Nehru by the children.
It has always prioritized the improvement of the untouchable, the most disadvantaged of society, the rights of women, and the well-being of the child.
It has made public the Panch Sheel system to maintain international peace and harmony with India and has made India one of the leading countries in the world.
4. Tilka Manjhi (1750-1785)
Tilka Manjhi was the first Adivasi leader to take up arms against the British in 1784, some 100 years earlier than Mangal Pandey. He organized the Adivasis to form an armed group to fight against the hoarding of resources and the exploitation of the British.
The year 1784 is considered the first armed rebellion against the British and marks the beginning of Paharia. Baba Tilka Manjhi attacked Augustus Cleveland, the British commissioner [lieutenant], and Rajmahal with a Gulel (a weapon similar to a sling) who later sentenced.
The British surrounded the Tilapore forest from which it operated, but he and his men kept them away for several weeks.
When they finally caught him in 1784, they tied him to a ponytail and dragged him to the collector’s house in Bhagalpur, Bihar, India. There, his lacerated body was suspended from a Banyan tree.
A statue was erected in the place where he was hanged, after the independence of India, which is the neighboring residence of S. The University of Bhagalpur was also renamed after him – Tilka Manjhi University of Bhagalpur.
5. Sucheta Kriplani (1908-1974)
Sucheta Kriplani, a great women freedom fighter, and was greatly inspired by the work of Mahatma Gandhi and in 1946 she joined Kasturba Gandhi Memorial Trust as secretary of the organization. In her last years, she started working with Gandhi Ji.
She was also elected to the Constituent Assembly and sang the national song in the session of independence of the Constituent Assembly on August 15, 1947.
Even after independence, she did not stop working for the weakest sectors of society and actively participates in the development of the Indians. She was the first woman appointed as chief minister of Uttar Pradesh in 1963.
Due to health problems, Sucheta retired in 1971 and died on 1st December 1974, of a serious heart attack.
6. Taraknath Das (1884-1958)
Taraknath Das is the founder of the Indian Independence League, which is carried out with the active participation of Panduranga Khankoje. He even received funds to launch his newspaper called Free Hindustan, published in English.
The newspaper would have been the first publication of South Asia made in Canada. In 1907, Taraknath Das created an association called the Hindustani Association. His newspaper, Free Hindustan, was an anti-British organization that led to the formation of the Gadar party and encouraged the people.
Taraknath Das even founded a boarding school for Asian immigrant children. In this school, there were special night classes to learn English and mathematics, which helped the Indians send letters home.
7. Surendranath Banerjee (1848-1925)
Surendranath Banerjee was a great Indian patriot of Bengal. He was selected for the Civil Services of India in 1896 but was fired for controversial reasons. He was a founding member of the Indian National Congress and was twice elected president. Surendranath Banerjee also distinguished himself as a journalist.
Surendranath Banerjee launched powerful press campaigns, particularly through his newspaper Bengalee to spread nationalist sentiments across the country. He played an important role in the Swadeshi movement and in the movements launched against the partition of Bengal.
In 1918, however, he left Congress. In 1921, he accepted the offer of the position of Minister of Local Autonomy and Health.
8. Ullaskar Dutta (1885-1965)
It was the time when British citizens living in India did not respect any Indian community and could speak with contempt without fear of being prosecuted for the same reason.
Professor Russell, one of the British professors, made offensive comments about the Bengali community. Ullaskar Dutta could not keep calm before this insult and ended up attacking the professor.
Ullaskar was a member of the Jugantar party and became an expert in bomb-making. Khudiram Bose used a bomb made by Ullaskar and Hem Chandra Das to try to assassinate a brutal magistrate, Kingsford.
However, the police have trapped many members of the Jugantar group, including Ullaskar Dutta, Barindra Ghosh, and Khudiram and prisoned for several years.
9. Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev (1907, 1908, 1907-1931)
When the British government passed a law that suppresses the struggle for freedom, it gave the British police the freedom to make unauthorized arrests.
Bhagat Singh and his friends planned to throw a low intensified bomb in the parliament and they surrendered, they were accused of attempted murder and sentenced to 14 years of life in 1929.
Further investigation by the police discovered other members, some of whom became informants and helped the police put Bhagat Singh in touch with the alleged murder of a British officer.
Singh was arrested again and sent to another prison where he faced discrimination between British and Indian prisoners, which led to his protest in the form of a major blow against discrimination.
Meanwhile, Viceroy Irwin accelerated the ongoing investigation into the alleged murder of a British officer by Bhagat Singh in 1930.
Gandhi finally reached an agreement in the Gandhi-Irwin Pact that gives the British the green light for the execution of Bhagat Singh and his friends.
On March 17, a telegram was sent to the Home department stating that the execution date for hanging was mentioned on 23rd March 1931, and finally, Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev were hanged but their last word inspires us even today “Inquilab Zindabad”.
10. Sarat Chandra Bose (1889-1950)
Sarat Chandra Bose was an Indian freedom fighter and also the elder brother of Subhas Chandra Bose. He was the head of the National Congress of India in the Central Legislative Assembly. He helped enormously to form the National Army of India, which was then led by his brother Subhas Chandra Bose.
Sarat Chandra Bose was elected chairman of the Bengal Pradesh Congress Committee in 1936. He was a member of the All India Congress Committee from 1936 to 1947.
In 1946 he was appointed Minister of Public Works, Mines, and Power in the Interim Government. In 1947 he strongly opposed the partition and resigned the Committee of the Congress of India. After independence, Sarat Chandra Bose directed the Forward block, formed by his brother.
Find More Freedom Fighters Statewise:
- Freedom Fighters in Karnataka
- Freedom Fighters in Tamilnadu
- Freedom Fighters in Kerala
- Freedom Fighters in Andhra Pradesh