The Freedom Fighters of India were individuals who fought for freedom and actively participating in our national movement in India to get rid of all the colonies that came to India in the name of trade and for other purposes.
There were many types of people who settled in India like Dutch, Portuguese, English, French, Turkish and many others.
The main problem was with the British started trading and after some time saw the opportunity and founded the East India Company.
They had the power to rule in India under the charter granted by Queen Elizabeth. They treated the Indians as British slaves for a long period of time for centuries.
Our Indian freedom fighters opposed this and fought against them. There are many of our great national leaders in India who have been neglected with the masses, we should be proud of our national leaders of India, salute them!
According to the people of India, “Mahatma Gandhi” is considered as the first fighter for the freedom of India on the list of great leaders who have taken active participation in the national movement.
With his practice of the law, took the responsibility to act peacefully against the British.
There were only a few national leaders got attention in the freedom movement, so we tried to cover as many people who have contributed or sacrificed their lives for us who have been neglected to appear on the frontier.
- Hansraj Ahir Minister of State responded to a question raised in Rajya Sabha said: India still has 37,356 freedom fighters living and receiving a pension of 594.81 crores of rupees.
- Even though we got freedom in 1947, Our constitution came into force in 1950 officially from then we are celebrating Rebuplic day to remember the special day. This year also we are celebrating Republic Day on 26th January 2019.
- As every year we invite the chief guest to visit the Republic day, this year the special guest will be “Matamela Cyril Ramaphosa” President of South Africa is invited to be part of our 70th Republic Day of India.
Let us see the freedom fighters names list and information with pictures below.
List of Freedom Fighters of India with Images
1. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (1869 – 1948)
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was a great freedom fighter and an influential person for the people of India after an incident occurred while traveling by train. He played a leading role in India’s struggle for independence.
Gandhi is popularly known as Mahatma (an outstanding soul), Bapuji (affection for his father in Gujarati) and father of the country.
Every year, his birthday is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti, a countrywide holiday in India, celebrated as the International Day of Non-violence.
Mahatma Gandhi helped to free India from British rule. Gandhi was still following 2 weapons with him; Truth and nonviolence, which have inspired many other political leaders around the world, including Nelson Mandela, Martin Luther King, and Aung San Suu Kyi.
Gandhi, in addition to helping India to join the struggle for independence against the British, also led a simple life, Gandhi’s life was quite common and he became a great man in our life.
Read more >> Mahatma Gandhi
First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win.
2. Subhash Chandra Bose (1897 – 1945)
Subhas Chandra Bose is famous throughout India as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. He has continuously fought after the violent movement against the British regime for its independence.
He left Congress even after becoming president of Congress in 1939 due to political differences with Mahatma Gandhi. One day, he created his own Indian national party called Azad Hind Fauj, convinced that Gandhiji’s policy of non-violence was not capable enough to make India an independent country.
Finally, he prepared a great and powerful Azad Hind Fauj to fight against the British government.
He traveled to Germany and founded the National Army of India with the help of prisoners of war and Indian residents.
After a great disappointment on the part of Hitler, he went to Japan and gave a famous slogan “Delhi Chalo” (means march in Delhi) to his Indian national army, where a violent struggle took place between Azad Hind Fauj and the Anglo-American forces.
Soon, Netaji left for Tokyo on the plane, but the plane crashed in Formosa. Netaji’s adventures still inspire millions of young Indians to do something for their country.
Read more >> Subhash Chandra Bose
3. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (1889 – 1964)
He became the first prime minister of independent India, so he is named the architect of modern India.
In India, many people were born great and Chacha Nehru was one of them. He was the person who had great vision, honesty, hard work, sincerity, patriotism, and intellectual powers.
It was at the origin of the famous slogan “Aram Haram Hai”. He became the first president of the National Planning Commission, and two years later, he created a National Development Council to improve the standard of living of indigenous people to improve the quality of life.
He loved children so much, so his birthday on November 14, celebrated as Children’s Day in India. He was called Chacha Nehru by the children.
It has always prioritized the improvement of the untouchable, the most disadvantaged of society, the rights of women and the well-being of the child.
It has made public the Panch Sheel system to maintain international peace and harmony with India and has made India one of the leading countries in the world.
Read more >> Jawaharlal Nehru
4. Tilka Manjhi (1750 – 1785)
Tilka Manjhi was the first Adivasi leader to take up arms against the British in 1784, some 100 years earlier than Mangal Pandey.
He organized the Adivasis to form an armed group to fight against the hoarding of resources and the exploitation of the British.
The year 1784 is considered the first armed rebellion against the British and marks the beginning of Paharia. Baba Tilka Majhi attacked Augustus Cleveland, the British commissioner [lieutenant], and Rajmahal with a Gulel (a weapon similar to a sling) who later died.
The British surrounded the Tilapore forest from which it operated, but he and his men kept them away for several weeks.
When they finally caught him in 1784, they tied him to a ponytail and dragged him to the collector’s house in Bhagalpur, Bihar, India. There, his lacerated body was suspended from a Banyan tree.
A statue was erected in the place where he was hanged, after the independence of India, which is the neighboring residence of S. The University of Bhagalpur was also renamed after him – Tilka Manjhi University of Bhagalpur.
Read more >> Tilka Manjhi
5. Sucheta Kripalani (1908 – 1974)
Sucheta Kriplani, a great fighter for freedom, was born in June 1908 in Ambala. Soon after graduating, she began her career as a professor at the Hindu University of Banaras.
Sucheta was greatly inspired by the work of Mahatma Gandhi and in 1946 she joined Kasturba Gandhi Memorial Trust as secretary of the organization. In his last years, she started working with Gandhi Ji.
She was also elected to the Constituent Assembly and sang the national song in the session of independence of the Constituent Assembly on August 15, 1947.
Even after independence, she did not stop working for the weakest sectors of society and actively participates in the development of the Indians. She was the first woman appointed as chief minister of Uttar Pradesh in 1963.
Due to health problems, Sucheta retired in 1971 and died on 1st December 1974, of a serious heart attack.
Read more >> Sucheta Kriplani
6. Taraknath Das (1884 – 1958)
Taraknath Das is the founder of the Indian Independence League, which is carried out with the active participation of Panduranga Khankoje. He even received funds to launch his newspaper called Free Hindustan, published in English.
The newspaper would have been the first publication of South Asia made in Canada. In 1907, Taraknath Das created an association called Hindustani Association.
Taraknath Das even founded a boarding school for Asian immigrant children. In this school, there were special night classes to learn English and mathematics, which helped the Indians send letters home.
His newspaper, Free Hindustan, was an anti-British organization that led to the formation of the Gadar party and encouraged the people.
Read more >> Taraknath Das
7. Surendranath Banerjee (1848 – 1925)
He was a great Indian patriot of Bengal. He was selected for the Civil Services of India in 1896 but was fired for controversial reasons.
He was a founding member of the Indian National Congress and was twice elected president. Surendranath Banerjee also distinguished himself as a journalist.
Surendranath Banerjee launched powerful press campaigns, particularly through his newspaper Bengalee to spread nationalist sentiments across the country.
He played an important role in the Swadeshi movement and in the movements launched against the partition of Bengal.
In 1918, however, he left Congress. In 1921, he accepted the offer of the position of Minister of Local Autonomy and Health.
Read more >> Surendranath Banerjee
8. Ullaskar Dutta (1885 – 1965)
His father, Dwijadas Dutta, was a disciple of Brahmo Samaj and a graduate of the University of London.
Ullaskar Dutta passed the entrance examination in 1903 and entered the University of the presidency in Calcutta.
It was the time when British citizens living in India did not respect any Indian community and could speak with contempt without fear of being prosecuted for the same reason.
Professor Russell, one of the British professors, made offensive comments about the Bengali community.
Ullaskar Dutta could not keep calm before this insult and ended up attacking the professor.
Ullaskar was a member of the Jugantar party and became an expert in bomb-making. Khudiram Bose used a bomb made by Ullaskar and Hem Chandra Das to try to assassinate a brutal magistrate, Kingsford.
However, the police have trapped many members of the Jugantar group, including Ullaskar Dutta, Barindra Ghosh, and Khudiram and prisoned for several years.
Read more >> Ullaskar Dutta
9. Bhagat Singh, Rajguru & Sukhdev (1907, 1908, 1907 – 1931)
When the British government passed a law that suppresses the struggle for freedom, it gave the British police the freedom to make unauthorized arrests.
Bhagat Singh and his friends planned to throw a low intensified bomb in the parliament and they surrendered, they were accused of attempted murder and sentenced to 14 years of life in 1929.
Further investigation by the police discovered other members, some of whom became informants and helped the police put Bhagat Singh in touch with the alleged murder of a British officer.
Singh was arrested again and sent to another prison where he faced discrimination between British and Indian prisoners, which led to his protest in the form of a major blow against discrimination.
Meanwhile, Viceroy Irwin accelerated the ongoing investigation into the alleged murder of a British officer by Bhagat Singh in 1930.
Gandhi finally reached an agreement in the Gandhi-Irwin Pact that gives the British the green light for the execution of Bhagat Singh and his friends.
On March 17, a telegram was sent to the Home department stating that the execution date for hanging was mentioned on 23rd March 1931 and finally they were hanged but their last word was “Inquilab Zindabad”.
Read more >> Bhagat Singh, Rajguru & Sukhdev
10. Sarat Chandra Bose (1889 – 1950)
Sarat Chandra Bose was an Indian fighter for freedom and also the elder brother of Subhas Chandra Bose.
Sarat Chandra Bose was born on 6th September 1889, in Calcutta. He is the son of Janakinath Bose and the older brother of Subhas Chandra Bose. At the age of 22, he went to England to obtain a law degree.
Sarat Chandra Bose returned to Calcutta and began practicing law. Sarat Chandra Bose was deeply influenced by the great leader of the Congress, Chittaranjan Das, and joined the National Congress of India.
Sarat Chandra Bose was elected chairman of the Bengal Pradesh Congress Committee in 1936. He was a member of the All India Congress Committee from 1936 to 1947.
Sarat Chandra Bose was the head of the National Congress of India in the Central Legislative Assembly. He helped enormously to form the National Army of India, which was then led by his brother Subhas Chandra Bose.
In 1946 he was appointed Minister of Public Works, Mines, and Power in the Interim Government. In 1947 he strongly opposed the partition and resigned the Committee of the Congress of India.
After independence, Sarat Chandra Bose directed the Forward block, formed by his brother.
Read more >> Sarat Chandra Bose
11. Chandra Shekhar Azad (1906 – 1931)
Chandrasekhar Azad was born on July 23, 1906. Azad spent his youth in the village of Bhabra, located in the tribal area of Bahlulya.
Chandrasekhar Azad, 17, joined the revolutionary Hindustan Republican Association. Massacre Sanders, the central assembly, Bhagat Singh was throwing a bomb, the Viceroy’s train to fly with a bomb, they were all the boss of the same thing.
Under the successful leadership of Chandrashekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt executed a bomb explosion at the Central Assembly in Delhi on April 8, 1929.
On February 27, 1931, while Chandrashekhar Azad was sitting in Alfred Park along with his compatriot Sukhdev Raj, the police surrounded him with information from the informant.
For a long time, Azad fought alone but he doesn’t want to take his life from British weapons so he ended by shot himself with his gun.
Chandrasekhar Azad was a famous revolutionary in the struggle for the freedom of the Indians. After 15 years of Azad’s martyrdom, his dream of Indian independence ended on August 15, 1947.
Read more >> Chandra Shekhar Azad
12. Bhupendra Nath Datta (1880 – 1961)
Bhupendra Nath Datta (September 4, 1880 – December 25, 1961) was an Indian revolutionary and later a renowned sociologist.
In his youth, he was closely associated with the Jugantar movement, as editor of Jugantar Patrika until his arrest and imprisonment in 1907.
In his last revolutionary career, he knew the Indo-German plot. His elder brother was Swami Vivekananda. The Asian Society today celebrates the commemorative conference of Dr. Bhupendra Nath Datta in his honor.
Read more >> Bhupendra Nath Datta
13. Jayaprakash Narayan (1902 – 1979)
He was an independent Indian activist and a great political leader of India. He was commonly called JP and Loknayak, which means leader of the masses. He was born on October 11, 1902.
He was very interested in the political development of the country. It made a lot of noise in the political field.
To suppress JP’s movement, Indira Gandhi declared an emergency on June 25, 1975. She put opposition leaders along with Jayaprakash Narayan in jail.
He left prison with his health broken in 1976 to participate in the elections. The main leaders of five opposition parties united under the leadership of Jaya Prakash Narayan.
They appealed to a party called the Janata Party to challenge the elections against the Congress Party. Lok Nayak did a great job for his party and won the election. Once, Pandit Nehru offered him the position of minister in the cabinet of the Union.
He rejected it. He was the true follower of Gandhi’s principles. People called him “king without a crown”. It was a symbol of light for the Janata Party in power.
Read more >> Jayaprakash Narayan
14. Pulin Behari Das (1877 – 1949)
He was an Indian revolutionary from Bengal who lived between 24th January 1877, and 17th August 1949.
He is the founding president of Dhaka Anushilan Samiti. Later, he was influenced by a yogi and had a sense of detachment from the physical world.
Later, Bangiya Byayam Samiti was successfully managed by her second son Sourendra until 2005 and now his grandchildren are trying to rebuild it, seeking help from government and professionals.
Pulin Behari Das founded the Bharat Sevak Sangh in 1920 to pursue its revolutionary principles. He published two periodicals, Hak Katha and Swaraj, and also criticized the principles of nonviolence.
Read more >> Pulin Behari Das
15. Atulkrishna Ghosh (1890 – 1966)
He was a revolutionary from Bengal. He was one of the main defenders of the elimination of British colonial rule, which caused irreversible damage to the Indians.
This patriot was totally opposed to discrimination on behalf of caste and religion and was a strong advocate of liberal democratic ideas. His contribution to the Indian struggle for independence is very profound.
Atulkrishna Ghosh was born in a middle-class family in Jaduboyra-Etmampur, Bangladesh in 1890, he graduated from Krishnanath College (Behrampur) with a B.Sc. His brothers and sisters associated with revolutionary activities in different ways.
Read more >> Atulkrishna Ghosh
16. Bhola Paswan Shastri (1914 – 1984)
He is one of the revolutionaries who played a critical role in the struggle for freedom in India. He becomes Chief Minister of the State of Bihar, 3 times among 1968 and 1971.
Bhola Paswan Shastri born in 1914 in Bairgacchi, district of Purnea, Bihar. His own family belonged to the Pasi caste.
This community, at the time of his birth and even earlier than, taken into consideration an untouchable community.
But considering his birth, he changed into a dynamic individual, complete of zeal, love for his country and a great hobby in politics and social troubles.
Read more >> Bhola Paswan Shastri
17. Birsa Munda (1875 – 1900)
He was an Indian freedom fighter and a first tribal leader who rebelled against British rule.
He was a visionary who played a crucial role in the liberation of his community, the tribal people, who were exposed to the continued dominance of British exploitation policies and atrocities.
Birsa Munda had his own experiences as a child traveling from one place to another in search of work helped him understand various problems that the community was suffering due to British oppression.
After realizing, that the British company had come to India to torture people and bring wealth abroad, he began to raise awareness about the British public and to gather his army of tribes.
Read more >> Birsa Munda
18. Sahajanand Saraswati (1889 – 1950)
He was born in the district of Ghazipur in the northwestern provinces of British India, was an ascetic, nationalist and peasant leader of India.
Although Sahajanand Saraswati, was born in the northwestern provinces (now Uttar Pradesh), his social and political activities focused mainly on Bihar in the early days and gradually spread to the rest of India with the formation of the All India Kisan Sabha.
He had installed an ashram in Bihta, near Patna, and had done most of his work there at the end of his life. He was an intellectual writer, prolific, social reformer and revolutionary.
Read more >> Sahajanand Saraswati
19. Ram Manohar Lohia (1910 – 1967)
He was first and foremost a man of ideas. That does not mean that his short life (1910-1967) was without action: there was his clandestine work during the Quit India movement, the liberation of Goa, the democracy movement in Nepal, etc.
But Ram Manohar Lohia goal of building a strong socialist movement in India was never realized, the socialist party of which he was part broke and lost its character.
However, his ideas and formulations survived the remnants of the parties and movements with which he was associated.
In fact, they have changed the grammar of Indian politics and offer a new lexicon to understand and describe the currents that shape power equations, particularly in northern India.
Read more >> Ram Manohar Lohia
20. Shankar Dayal Sharma (1918 – 1999)
Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma was born on 19th August 1918, in the city of Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India. His father’s name was Khushilal Sharma and his mother’s name was Subhadra Sharma.
He studied at Agra College, Punjab University and Lucknow University. He obtained his doctorate in law.
From 1992 to 1997, Shankar Dayal Sharma became the 9th president of India. Prior to his presidency, he was the eighth vice president of India. He was president of the Indian National Congress in 1972-1974.
He also became governor of many states. He was also the chief minister of Bhopal. He also became a cabinet minister.
Shankar Dayal Sharma died on 26th December 1999, at the age of 81 in New Delhi, India. He will always be remembered for his outstanding contribution to the international legal profession and his commitment to the rule of law.
Read more >> Shankar Dayal Sharma
21. Sachindra Nath Sanyal (1893 – 1942)
Sachindra Nath Sanyal (born in 1893 in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh – died on 7th February 1942, in the prison of Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh),
An Indian revolutionary and founding member of the Republican Association of Hindustan (HRA), became after 1928 in the Hindu Socialist Republican Association or HSRA), which was created to carry out revolutionary activities against the British Empire in India.
It was the inspiration of revolutionaries like Chandrashekhar Azad and Bhagat Singh, Sanyal was heavily involved in Ghadar Party plan.
He was sent to the dreaded cell prison of Andamans, where he wrote the famous book “Bandi Jeevan” (A life of captivity).
Read more >> Sachindra Nath Sanyal
22. Bagha Jatin (1879 – 1915)
Jatindranath Mukherjee, who is remembered as Bagha Jatin, was one of the leading Bengali revolutionaries fighting against British rule in India.
From an early age, Bagha Jatin became the leader of the Yugantar political party in Bengal, which helped to organize revolutionary activities against the British.
Although it was the English rule against which he fought, most Englishmen loved and respected Jatindranath Mukherjee.
Charles Augustus Tegart, a police officer from British India, said that the Bengali revolutionaries were a race of selfless political workers and that Bagha Jatin was a shining example.
In addition to the conflict with the British, he was also involved in the German plot of the First World War.
Read more >> Bagha Jatin
23. Manmath Nath Gupta (1908 – 2000)
He was an Indian revolutionary writer and author of autobiographical, historical and fiction books in Hindi, English, and Bengali.
He joined the Indian independence movement at the age of 13 and was an active member of the Hindustan Republican Association.
Manmath Nath Gupta had made one big mistake in his life where he was sorry for what he did till his death, in the DD channel he told this to the public.
Read more >> Manmath Nath Gupta
24. Baikuntha Shukla (1907 – 1934)
Baikuntha Shukla was an Indian nationalist and a revolutionary belonging to a family of Yogendra Shukla, one of the founders of the Hindu Socialist Republican Association.
He was a teacher in Mathurapur who was hanged for murdering Phanindra Nath Ghosh, on the year 1934, he was hanged at the Gaya Central Prison
He also became a government approver, which led to the execution of hanging Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru.
Read more >> Baikuntha Shukla
25. Shriram Sharma (1911 – 1990)
Shriram Sharma was a social reformer, a prominent philosopher, a visionary of the new golden age and founder of “All World Gayatri Pariwar”, based in Shantikunj, Haridwar, India.
He is popularly known as Pandit Shriram Sharma Acharya by the members of Gayatri Pariwar.
His most inspiring contribution continues to be to help young people develop a character that fits the noble values of India.
Read more >> Shriram Sharma
26. Ganesh Dutt Singh (1868 – 1943)
Sir Ganesh Dutt Singh was an Indian administrator serving the British and an educator.
He did much to improve education and health services in the state of Bihar and Orissa before the independence of India from Great Britain.
His educational values continue to be relevant and are points of reference for the current generation and also he made an important donation for the development of Patna University in the 1930s.
Read more >> Ganesh Dutt Singh
27. Raj Narain (1917 – 1986)
He was a freedom fighter and an Indian politician. He won a famous case of electoral negligence against the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, which allowed him to be disqualified and become imperious in India in 1975. He defeated Indira Gandhi in the 1977 elections in Lok Sabha.
Raj Narain was the son of Anant Prasad Singh. He was born on 19th December 1717, in Kartik Akshaya Navami in a wealthy village called Motikoat, in Gangapur, Varanasi.
He belonged to the bhumihar royal family of Varanasi and was directly associated with the Maharaja Chet Singh family and with Maharaja Balwant Singh, who were the kings of Varanasi more than a century ago.
He studied at the Hindu University of Banaras and obtained a master’s degree in science and a master’s degree in law.
Read more >> Raj Narain
28. Yamuna Karjee (1898 – 1953)
Yamuna Karjee was born in a small town called Deopar, near Pusa, in the district of Darbhanga, Bihar, in 1900. His father, Anu Karjee, was a farmer who died when Yamuna Karjee was only 6 months old.
From his studies, he was attracted by the struggle for the freedom of India and by the Kisan movement and the peasant movement under the leadership of Sahajan and Saraswati.
In the peasant movement, he became a close associate of other revolutionary peasant leaders such as Karyanand Sharma, Yadunandan Sharma, and Panchanan Sharma.
Read more >> Yamuna Karjee
29. Prem Krishna Khanna (1984 – 1993)
Prem Kishan Khanna was an active member of the Hindustan Republican Association of Shahjahanpur U.P.
Khanna was a contractor for the railways of India. He was a close associate of the famous revolutionary Ram Prasad Bismil.
Khanna had a license to own a Mauser gun, which was sometimes used by Bismil for his various revolutionary actions.
Arrested in the case of Kakori’s conspiracy against the British Empire, he was prosecuted and sentenced to 5 years in rigorous prison for granting his weapon’s license to Bismil.
That it constituted a criminal offense. He was released from prison in 1932. Later in life, he remained single and worked for the independence of India.
He was elected as a deputy of Shahjahanpur (electoral district of Lok Sabha) in 1962 and 1967. He died on 3rd August 1993, at the Shahjahanpur District Hospital.
Read more >> Prem Kishan Khanna
30. Dinesh Gupta (1911 – 1931)
Dinesh Gupta was born on 6th December 1911, in Josholong, Munshiganj district, today in Bangladesh.
While studying at Dhaka College, Dinesh joined Bengal Volunteers, a group organized by Subhas Chandra Bose in 1928, on the occasion of the Calcutta session of the National Congress of India.
Soon the Volunteers of Bengal became a more active revolutionary association and they planned to liquidate the infamous British police. Dinesh Gupta spent some time in Midnapore training local revolutionaries in the use of firearms.
The revolutionaries he formed are responsible for the successive murders of three district magistrates, Douglas, Burge, and Peddy.
Read more >> Dinesh Gupta
31. Ram Prasad Bismil (1897 – 1927)
Ram Prasad Bismil was an Indian revolutionary who participated in the Mainpuri conspiracy of 1918 and the Kakori conspiracy of 1925 and fought against British imperialism.
In addition to being a freedom fighter, he was a patriotic poet and wrote in Hindi and Urdu using the given names Ram, Agyat, and Bismil.
He belongs to a Hindu religious family. Bismil went to moulvi to learn Urdu. He learned Hindi from his father.
He wanted to learn English by entering an English school, even though his father was not satisfied.
Read more >> Ram Prasad Bismil
32. Prafulla Chaki (1888 – 1908)
Prafulla Chaki was a Bengali revolutionary associated with the revolutionary group Jugantar. He was one of the first martyrs of the movement for freedom.
Along with another revolutionary leader, Khudiram Bose, he was elected to the murder of Kingsford, magistrate of Muzaffarpur, in Bihar.
In his previous term, Kingsford was unpopular for imposing harsh and cruel sentences on young political workers in Bengal.
It was also known to inflict corporal punishment on such workers. This led to the planning of his murder.
The revolutionaries fled and chose different routes to escape. A massive hunt followed. Prafulla escaped from the police for two days and just as he was about to be caught, he preferred to take out his gun and shoot himself in the fire, instead of going to the gallows.
Read more >> Prafulla Chaki
33. Sidhu Murmu (1855 – 1856)
Sidhu Murmu was a well-known person of the Santhal rebellion fought against British domination and corruption caused by the high-class people and the Zamindars in a disrespectful way in the place of Jharkhand.
He is a person who attaches great importance to history and who is responsible for the rebel against the British government.
Read more >> Sidhu Murmu
34. Kanhu Murmu (1855 – 1856)
Kanhu Murmu, of the Jharkhand region, a state in eastern India that was once a British colony, was the scene of a rebellion in 1855.
This rebellion was to overthrow British rule and the atrocities of the corrupt capitalist system of high caste zamindars.
The state of Jharkhand saw this rebellion and praised him and his brother as a great leader. This rebellion was known as the “Santhal Rebellion”. And this brave, dynamic and young leader was called Kanhu Murmu.
Read more >> Kanhu Murmu
35. Karyanand Sharma (1901 – 1965)
Sharma was a prominent freedom fighter of India and a revolutionary peasant leader who led several movements against the zamindars and the British government of India and fought for the rights of the peasants.
Pandit Karyanand Sharma was born in 1901 in the village of Sahoor, Monghyr district (now Munger), Bihar state. It belonged to a poor tenant, the Bhumihar Brahmin family.
After starting school very early, Sharma had to leave school to support her family in agriculture. Later, he continued his studies from 1914 and passed his registration exam in 1920.
Read more >> Karyanand Sharma
36. Mangal Pandey (1827 – 1857)
Mangal Pandey was born in the north of India, in the village of Faizabad in the east of Uttar Pradesh, in the Diwakar Pandey family. Pandey joined the British Army of the East India Company in 1849.
Then, a new rifle was built in India and Mangal Pandey wanted to limit the weapons that contained grease with animal fats. Mangal Pandey refused to obey British orders. Then they invaded their rifles in front of the British officers.
Mangal Pandey was an Indian soldier who attacked the British authorities on March 29, 1857. He was hanged a few days later, but even after hanging himself, British officials were afraid to see their bodies.
Mangal Pandey is known in India as a great revolutionary. They knew that British officers made a distinction between Hindu and British soldiers.
37. Jhansi Rani Lakshmi Bai (1828 – 1858)
‘Rani Lakshmibai’ was born on 19th November 1835, in Kashi. The name of the childhood of Laxmi was Manikarnika, but with affection, it was called Manu in his childhood.
Rani Lakshmibai married Gangadhar Rao in 1842. Gangadhar Rao was the king of Jhansi. In 1851, the Rani had a son. Raja Gangadhar Rao could not stand the commotion and die on 21st November 1853 after a long illness.
Jhansi became an important center of the revolt of 1857. Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi began to strengthen security and created an army of volunteers. In 1857 the great kings of the neighboring state of Jhansi, Orchha, and Datia also attacked.
Rani Lakshmibai defeated them successfully. In March 1858, the British army tried to capture the city of Jhansi. But Rani, with her adopted son, Damodar Rao, was able to escape. Rani died on June 18, 1858.
Rani Lakshmibai was the great heroine of the First Indian War of Freedom. Her life is an exciting story of femininity, courage, adventure, patriotism without death and martyrdom. Rani Lakshmibai was the true meaning of the ideal heroine.
38. Dr. Rajendra Prasad (1884 – 1963)
Rajendra Prasad was born on 3rd Dec 1884 in the village of Ziradei, Sivan district, Bihar, India. His father’s name was Mahadev Sahai, a scholar in Sanskritic language and Persian. His mother’s name was Kamleshwari Devi, a non-secular lady.
After finishing his elementary studies, Rajendra Prasad visited to study at the T.K. Ghosh academy in Patna. He entered the urban center Presidential school in 1902.
Rajendra Prasad has taught in various educational institutions. He served the High Court of Bihar and Odisha as a lawyer in 1916.
Rajendra Prasad was an outstanding political leader, lawyer, statesman and social worker. He took an active part in the liberation movements of India. He joined the National Congress of India in 1911.
He was elected President of the National Congress of India at the Bombay session in October 1934. He was sent to prison several times.
He was elected President of the Constituent Assembly on December 11, 1946. Mr. Rajendra Prasad was elected first President of the Republic of India.
Dr. Rajendra Prasad died on February 28, 1963. His death made silence and we lost a great personality in the country.
Then he received the Bharat Ratna, the most important civil prize in India. He is the author of many books. He was a great educator and a man of world renown.
39. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (1875 – 1950)
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel is one of the most common names among all freedom fighters in the country. Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel, whose story has not yet been heard by many people, is one of the heroes of freedom in India.
His name was Vallabh Bhai Patel, but his name was Sardar because he had the leadership qualities that led India to independence.
He was born on 31st October 1875, in Gujarat and studied only in several schools and colleges in Gujarat. But his inner soul has always wanted to do something for the country and that’s why he joined the National Congress of India.
He becomes an important leader of the Indian National Congress and also organizes the Quit India movement, which will eventually pave the way for India’s independence.
Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel was the first Commander in Chief of the Indian Armed Forces and from 15th August 1947, until December 15, 1950. He was also the first Deputy Prime Minister and independent Prime Minister of India and served the country during the same period.
Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel was the first to take an interest in peace in the country.
40. Lal Bahadur Shastri (1904 – 1966)
Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on 2nd October 1904, in Munshi Sharda Prasad Shrivastav and Ramdulari in Mughalsarai (Uttar Pradesh).
After receiving a title of Shastri from Kashi Vidyapeeth, he replaced his surname Shrivastav with “Shastri” to free himself from the practice of keeping family names according to caste.
After graduating from Sanskrit, Lal Bahadur Shastri joined the RSS, which marked the beginning of his political career.
He played an important role in the movement for freedom with a notable contribution in 1921, the non-cooperation movement, March Dandi in 1930 and the Quit India Movement in 1942.
On August 9, 1942, Shastriji arrived in Allahabad and skillfully called Gandhi’s slogan “Do or die” as “Die, do not die!”
Due to his solid image and respect, he commanded in India at that time, he was appointed Prime Minister of the country in 1964. We must recognize the excellent talent of Shastriji for the leadership that has allowed the country to get out of this mess.
The famous slogan of Lal Bahadur Shastri, “Jai Jawan-Jai Kisan”, has played an important role in improving the morale of the Indians and the country in general. Its activities were theoretical but in accordance with the needs of the public.
Lal Bahadur Shastri mysteriously died on the night of 11th January 1966, in Tashkent, the capital of Russia, after refusing to return the Pakistani lands won by Indian soldiers during the Indo-Pak war.
Even today, Indian remember Lal Bahadur Shastri for his simplicity and patriotism.
41. Udham Singh (1899 – 1940)
Shaheed Udham Singh was 20 years old at the time of the massacre. After the Jallianwala Bagh incident, he involved in the freedom movement to obtain the independence of India from the British.
Udham Singh spent some years of his life traveling through the United States and gaining the support of his movement. He has collaborated with many pseudonyms such as Ude Singh, Sher Singh, and Frank Brazil.
In 1927 he returned to Punjab. During 4 years in prison, Brigadier General Dyer died as a result of a series of attacks.
When Udham Singh was released in 1931, he was under close surveillance due to his close contacts with Bhagat Singh’s Republicans, who were hanged because of the Lahore plot.
However, Shaheed Udham Singh, a freedom fighter, has not forgotten his plan. He fired O’Dwyer twice after the meeting ended and his ascent to the platform.
He was immediately arrested and did not attempt to flee or resist his arrest.
During his trial, Udham Singh gave him the name of Mohammad Singh Azad, also tattooed on his arm. Udham Singh was buried in the prison compound.
In 1974, the remains of Shaheed Udham Singh were exhumed and returned to India before being incinerated in their hometown of Sunam, Punjab.
Today, Uttarakhand has a place known as Udham Singh Nagar, named after the brave man who sacrificed his life to avenge the massacre of Jallianwala Bagh.
42. Bal Gangadhar Tilak (1856 – 1920)
Bal Gangadhar Tilak was born on 23rd July 1856, in Chikhalgaon, a coastal village in the Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra. Later, he received the title of “Lokmanya”, which means that he is respected by the people.
Tilak worked as a lawyer and then as a teacher. The social and political situation in India has affected him a lot. He launched 2 newspapers, the “Kesari” in Maharathi and the “Maratha” in English, in 1881.
Through these newspapers, he expressed his ideas and woke up the masses. Tilak opposed perverse social practices such as child marriage.
He advocated the literacy of women and the new widowed couple. Tilak launched the public celebrations of the Ganesh Chaturthi festival in Maharashtra.
He also launched the Shiv Jayanti festival. These festivals were organized with the aim of uniting people and encouraging them to fight against the British regime.
Tilak has been imprisoned several times. Once in prison, he wrote his famous book, “Gita Rahasya”. After his release, he immersed himself in the movement of the Rule of the Home.
This great leader died on August 1st, 1920. He was mourned by hundreds of people throughout the country.
Lokmanya Tilak gave the freedom fighters his motto “Swaraj is my birthright and I will have it.” He ordered the devotion of all.
Tilak was the main person, to annoy the British. He taught that there should be a public meeting, but in reality, it was not possible.
Tilak was a very intelligent and grateful freedom fighter. His contribution to the nation is always remembered by us.
43. Gopal Krishna Gokhale (1866 – 1915)
Gopal Krishna Gokhale was born on May 9, 1866. To achieve the goal of independence, he preached two principles known as nonviolence and reforms within existing government institutions.
Gopal Krishna Gokhale was born in a family of Chitpavan Brahmin in the district of Ratnagiri, Maharashtra. His family belonged to a lower class that did not have much money to spend, even for their basic needs.
Despite the financial conditions, Gopal’s father sent him to an English school and was one of the first groups of Indians to study at an English school.
In 1889, Gopal Krishna Gokhale became a member of the Indian National Congress and began to actively contribute to improving the living conditions of the Indians.
Subsequently, Gokhale traveled to Pune and became one of the founding members of Fergusson College, along with his colleagues from the Deccan training company.
In 1902, Gopal Krishna Gokhale left the Fergusson College and became a member of the Imperial Legislative Council in Delhi.
In 1905, Gokhale founded a new Society in the name of “Servants of India Society”. In 1912, Gokhale joined Mahatma Gandhi in South Africa to improve the lives of indigenous minorities.
Gopal Krishna Gokhale was a diabetic and asthmatic patient. Therefore, he served the country at its best and due to his activities without rest, it seriously affected Gokhale’s health and finally died on February 19, 1915.
44. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar (1891 – 1956)
Most of its constitutional provisions were aimed at social revolution or tried to promote the revolution by creating important conditions for the realization of the social revolution.
The provisions elaborated by Ambedkar provided for constitutional insurance and protection of the civil liberties of Indian citizens.
It has managed to establish a reservation system for public service jobs, colleges, and schools for members of disadvantaged tribes and classes, castes and classes.
Caste is a system in which the distinction of status, duties, and rights of an individual is made on the basis of the birth of an individual in a particular group. Later, he became the spokesman for backward castes and classes in India.
Due to the caste system, many social ills have prevailed in society. For Babasaheb Ambedkar, it was important to break the religious notion on which the caste system was based.
He demanded that public water sources be open to all castes and that all castes have the right to enter the temples. To reach people and make them understand the negative aspects of social ills, he launched a newspaper called Mooknayka (the leader of silence).
Babasaheb Ambedkar also joined Mahatma Gandhi in the Harijan movement, which opposes the social injustice faced by backward castes in India.
45. Sarojini Naidu (1879 – 1949)
She was an amazing poet, also nicknamed “Nightingale of India” and her birthday was celebrated as the “National Women’s Day” in India.
Sarojini Naidu made her way into Indian politics with the help and inspiration of Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Gandhi and Nehru, after the field of poetry.
In 1916, Mahatma Gandhi inspired her a lot and immediately decided to use her talent to fight for freedom because she had trouble seeing her mother, India, under the power of the British administration.
She chose to stop the British control administration and worked continuously for the freedom of India.
She was very responsible and played an important role in raising awareness about the rights and education of women in India. He became president of the National Congress of India (INC) in 1925.
Sarojini Naidu had demonstrated in front of the salt deposits in Gujarat when the salt movement was in full swing in 1930.
In this demonstration with the Sarojini Naidu, the lakhs of the population participate and a large number of women actively participate in this movement.
They accompanied her to Gandhi to attend the round table conference in 1931.
She was appointed as governor of the United Provinces (Uttar Pradesh) during the Independence of India in 1947. And she left us on 2nd March 1949.
46. Rabindranath Tagore (1861 – 1941)
Rabindranath Tagore, a great Indian poet, was born on 7th May 1861, in Calcutta, India, from Debendranath Tagore and Sarada Devi.
He started writing poems at the age of 8 itself. He went to England in 1878 to study law but returned to India before finishing his career as a poet and writer.
He translated his work Geetanjali into English during the long sea voyage to England. He mentioned the mysticism and sentimental beauty of Indian culture in his writings for which a non-Western was awarded a prestigious prize for the first time.
He knew how to master the language while writing poems or stories. 2 of his songs by Rabindrasangeet are more famous since they have been the national anthem of two countries like “Amar Shonary Bangla” (National Anthem of Bangladesh) and “Jana Gana Mana” (National Anthem of India).
His creative writings, whether poems or stories have not yet been questioned. Perhaps he was the first to close the gap between the west and the east thanks to his effective writings.
Puravi was another composition in which he mentioned Songs of the afternoon and Songs of the morning in many areas (social, moral, cultural, religious, political, etc.) He died in Calcutta on 7th August 1941, before seeing the independence of India.
47. Bahadur Shah Zafar (1775 – 1862)
Bahadur Shah Zafar was the last Mughal emperor of India born in 1775 in Delhi. His name was Abu Zafar Sirajuddin Muhammad Bahadur Shah Zafar when he was born, but he was more popular than Bahadur Shah Zafar.
His father was Akbar Shah and his mother was Lalbai. He ascended to the throne at a very advanced age, after the death of his father, in 1837.
He was the last ruler of the Mughal dynasty, who ruled India for some 300 years. He did not rule his empire with a strong hand due to the rise of the British.
During the reign of Bahadur Shah Zafar, Urdu poetry developed and reached its apogee. Influenced by his grandfather and his father, who were also poets, he even developed this creative ability. He has also contributed to the literary field. His poetry was mainly about love and mysticism.
He even wrote about the pain and grief that faced the British. He was also a great patron of eminent and famous Urdu poets such as Mirza Ghalib, Zauk, Momin and Daagh of his time.
Most of their Urdu ghazals were lost during the War of 1857. Some of them, who were saved, were compiled and named Kulliyat-I-Zafar.
48. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (1888 – 1958)
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a poet, writer, journalist and Indian scholar who became an important political leader of the Indian independence movement. In his youth, he adopted the pseudonym “Azad” and was simply called Maulana Azad.
Abul Kalam Azad was born in 1888 in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, into a family of successful and wise Muslim scholars, or maulanas.
As he adapted to the changing opportunities of his time, he also adopted the pseudonym “Azad,” to say that he was free from the Muslim traditions of his ancestors.
The freedom of his mind, naturally, led him to the great enterprise of the day, the struggle for independence. Azad started in the struggle for the freedom of the revolutionary Shyam Sunder Chakravarthy.
By creating his own niche within the movement, he helped establish secret revolutionary centers throughout northern India and mainly in Mumbai.
Most revolutionaries of the time were anti-Muslims because they believed that the British government was using the Muslim community against the struggle for freedom in India.
Abul Kalam Azad began publishing a newspaper called Al Hilal (The Crescent) in June 1912, with the aim of increasing the number of revolutionary recruits among Muslims. In 1916, to close the newspaper.
Undaunted, Azad continued his struggle, both for the independence of India and for his vision of an undivided nation in which people of all faiths live in harmony.
While the British policy of “dividing and conquering” was rooted in the social psyche of the country, Azad remained the most ardent opponent of the partition of India. He opposed the end, and this will be better remembered for that.
After independence, Azad served as minister of education in Jawaharlal Nehru’s cabinet from 1947 to 1958.
In 1992, the Indian government awarded his patriotic son the highest civil honor: “The Bharat Ratna.”
49. Bipin Chandra Pal (1858 – 1932)
Bipin Chandra Pal was born on 7th November 1858, in the village of Poil, Sylhet district, now in Bangladesh. Bipin Chandra was a patriot, speaker, teacher, preacher, writer and critic, and the main architect of the Bengal Renaissance movement.
Even during his political career, he was ready to reach the extremes of consciousness or belief. Although he was an average student, Bipin Chandra was an avid reader and had acquired great literary ability.
His journalistic career saw him on the editorial team of Bengal Public Opinion, Calcutta, as editor-in-chief of the Lahore Tribune from 1887 to 1888, founding editor of English weekly India in 1901 and founding editor of the Daily Bande. Mataram in 1906, which was later banned by the government.
He also published the English weekly Swaraj in London during his exile in 1908-1911, founded the monthly English Hindu Review in 1912, wrote the Independent newspaper and the Democratic weekly from 1919 to 1920 and Bengali in 1924-25. in Modern Review, Amrita Bazaar Patrika and the statesman.
Aurobindo called “the most powerful prophet of nationalism”, Bipin Chandra advocated energetically for passive resistance, the boycott of English products, the cessation of all association with foreign government and the promotion of national education.
His idea of patriotism and freedom combined personal freedom and national freedom. Lover of truth and freedom, Bipin Chandra was fiercely opposed to hypocrisy. Bipin Chandra died in 1932.
50. Vinoba Bhave (1895 – 1982)
Acharya Vinoba Bhave was born on 11th September 1895, in Kolaba, Maharashtra. His real name was Vinayaka Rao Bhave. His father’s name was Narahari Shambhu Rao. His mother’s name was Rukmini Devi.
The early education of Vinoba Bhave was in Baroda. Later, he studied in Varanasi. He was mainly interested in philosophical literature. He joined Sabarmati Ashram and became one of Mahatma Gandhi’s closest associates.
Vinoba Bhave was a great fighter of freedom. He actively participated in the ‘Nagpur Salt Satyagraha’, the ‘Dandi March’ and the ‘Temple Entry Movement’ in Kerala. He was chosen by Gandhi as the first Satyagrahi of the individual civil disobedience movement.
Vinoba Bhave died on 15th November 1982, at the age of 87 years. He was a spiritual visionary whose spirituality had a pragmatic attitude and a deep concern for the disadvantaged.
He is best known for the “Bhoodan Movement”. He also directed the “Sarvodaya movement”. His contribution to the history of the non-violent movement is still important.
Vinoba Bhave was an academic scholar. I knew eighteen languages. He has written several books of international renown.
In 1958, Vinoba was the first recipient of the Ramon Magsaysay International Award for Community Leadership. He received the “Bharat Ratna” award.
51. Matangini Hazra (1870 – 1942)
Matangini Hazra was a freedom fighter and a martyr of British bullets. In paintings depicting the struggle for freedom, one often sees an old woman with white hair, carrying the Indian flag and leading a crowd of people.
However, at the end of her life, she felt the call to fight for independence so much that she repeatedly challenged the authority of the British Raj in her name, to put an end to his life for the cause.
Matangini Maity was born in a poor peasant family from a small village in Hogla, Tamluk, in the district of Midnapore, in West Bengal.
When she became a widow at the age of 18, she returned to live with her father, but later moved to a cabin near her husband’s former home.
On January 26, 1932, known as Independence Day during the struggle for freedom, a procession was organized in his village, in which mainly men participated.
In 1933, Sir John Anderson, then governor of Bengal, went to Tamluk to speak in front of a well-filtered meeting, but despite security, Matangini managed to organize a demonstration with the black flag in front of the platform.
She was sentenced to six months of rigorous prison, which is not a small burden for a woman her age. This earned him the nickname “Gandhi Buri” or “Granny Gandhi” in Midnapore.
On September 29, 1942, he asked local management to allow him to conduct a procession to capture the Tamluk court and police station, but her request was rejected because of her age.
Their luck came when, in the chaos, the villagers ordered the villagers to stop holding the bayonet. The bullets followed quickly and this brave 72-year-old woman died with the words “Vande Mataram” on her lips, holding the Indian flag.
52. Begum Hazrat Mahal (1820 – 1879)
Begum Hazrat Mahal married Nawab Wajid Ali Shah. She was also known as Begum of Awadh. When her husband was exiled to Calcutta (now Kolkata), she herself handled the affairs of Awadh State.
During the first Indian War of Independence in 1857-58, Begum Hazrat Mahal led a team of people who supported him in the revolt against the British.
She managed to take over the state of Lucknow and take control of it. Birjis Qadr was the son, she made him the king of Awadh. To learn the full story of the life of Begum Hazrat Mahal, read on.
Later, British forces took Lucknow and a substantial part of Awadh and Begum had to withdraw. She refused to accept any kind of favors and subsidies offered by the British rulers.
She used all her forces to liberate the Awadh State from the clutches of the British Raj authorities. Finally, she took refuge in an asylum in Nepal, where she died in 1879.
To emphasize her tireless efforts in the struggle for freedom of the country, the government of India issued a stamp on 10th May 1984.
53. Senapati Bapat (1880 – 1967)
The freedom fight of Senapati Bapat was not to use violence in the struggle, or how the new India should be governed. His goal in life was to see a free India by all possible means.
Bapat was educated in Edinburgh, Scotland, after losing a scholarship he had received from the British government for expressing his anti-British views at a meeting of the Independent Labor Party.
With this knowledge, he planned to join other revolutionaries to use it against the British government, not to kill innocent victims, but to draw attention to the cause of freedom.
Subsequently, his goal went from overthrowing the government to educating the masses about a foreign government. The British government has reached it after receiving information from one of his friends about his place of residence.
His last trip to the prison was the refusal to speak at a public rally organized by Netaji Subash Chandra Bose. After Independence, he was very active in political life. He died on 28th November 1967, at the age of 87 years.
54. Garimella Satyanarayana (1893 – 1952)
He influenced and mobilized the people of Andhra against the British Raj with his patriotic songs and writings, for which he was repeatedly imprisoned by the British administration.
Garimella Satyanarayana was born in 1893 into a poor family in the village of Gonepadu, near Priya Agraharam, in Narasannapeta Taluk, Srikakulam district.
Satyanarayana is identified by her famous song “మాకొద్దీ తెల్ల దొరతనం” (we do not need this white rule). This particular song was popular in the homes of Andhra Pradesh during the independence movement of India.
He was helped by a kind lawyer, named Kannepalli Narasimha Rao, to finish his studies (BA).
Meanwhile, he wrote his famous song Maakoddee Telladoratanamu for which he was imprisoned in 1922 for a year. After leaving prison, he continued his participation in the movement singing songs in villages.
55. Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi (1887 – 1971)
Before joining the National Congress of India, he was attracted to the revolutionary group. In 1937 he was appointed Minister of the Interior in Bombay. He played a valuable role in conducting business related to the Quit India movement.
He was also elected to the Constituent Assembly. Munshi held various management positions in public administration.
In 1948 he was appointed a general agent of the government of Hyderabad and was assigned a crucial responsibility for the merger of the State of Hyderabad and the Union of India.
In 1952, he held the position of Minister of Food at the center. In 1960, he joined the Swatantra party.
Mr. M. Munshi was a renowned writer, writer, and social reformer. In 1938 he founded Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, a trust that manages various educational institutions and publishes books on Indian culture.
His name is also associated with Sahitya Samsad, Gujarati Sahitya Samsad, and Hindi Sahitya Sarnmelan. He has published several magazines and magazines such as Bhargava, Gujarat, Social Welfare and the Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan’s Journal.
His notable writings include I Follow the Mahatma, The Creative Art of Life, Akhand Hindustan and Pilgrimage to Freedom.
56. Tiruppur Kumaran (1904 – 1932)
Kumaran, also known as Tiruppur Kumaran (October 4, 1904 – January 11, 1932), was an Indian revolutionary who participated in the Indian independence movement.
Kumaran was born in Chennimalai in the presidency of Madras, in British India. He founded the Desa Bandhu Youth Association and led demonstrations against the British.
He died as a result of a police attack on the banks of the Noyyal River in Tiruppur during a demonstration against the British government on January 11, 1932.
At the time of his death, he carried the Indian national flag banned by the British.
The Indian Post issued a commemorative stamp in October 2004 on the occasion of his 100th birthday. A statue was erected in Tirupur in his honor, which often serves as a meeting place for public demonstrations.
57. Bhikaji Cama (1861 – 1936)
Bhikaji Cama, also known as Madame Cama, was a remarkable woman with great courage, courage, integrity, perseverance and a passion for freedom.
Bhikhaji Cama was a pioneer among those who martyred their lives for the freedom of India and was considered the mother of the Indian Revolution.
Cama was born on 24th September 1861, in a wealthy family in Bombay. She married a British lawyer, Rustom Cama, in 1885, but, unfortunately, they were separated and engaged in various social activities.
In 1896, the presidency of Bombay was severely affected by the plague. Nationalist and social worker, Cama voluntarily worked for the victims of the plague and ended up being trapped by the disease. For some time she worked as a private secretary to Dadabhai Navaroji, a great Indian leader.
She constantly made people aware of the importance of the liberation of the British government. The British dissatisfied with his popularity invented a murder, but fortunately, Cama learned of the murder and fled to France.
In France, she made her home a secret refuge for revolutionaries around the world. In return, the British exiled Cama from their homeland.
In 1905, Cama and her friends designed the first tricolor flag of India with green stripes, saffron and red with the immortal words – Vanda Matram. Madame Cama raised this flag on 22nd August 1907, for the independence of India at the International Socialist Conference in Stuttgart, Germany.
After 35 years of struggle for Indian independence from foreign lands, she returned to India and died on August 13, 1936.
58. Tipu Sultan (1750 – 1799)
Tipu Sultan was rightly called the Mysore Tiger. Bravely, he fought against great difficulties. The greatest ambition of his life was to expel the British from India. For this ideal, he sacrificed his life and his kingdom.
Born in 1750, Tipu succeeded his father Hyder Ali in late 1782. The Second Carnatic War was in progress and Tipu was thirty. But he had already had considerable experience of war with his father.
I loved the fast movement and the unexpected attack in the battle. He was still in the saddle, almost a copy of Napoleon for whom he had great admiration. Contact was established among Napolean and Tipu Sultan.
When Napoleon arrived in Egypt, it was in response to Tipu Sultan, Tipu himself is recognized as the Napoleon of India.
Tipu has led many bloody battles with the British. He sent an embassy to Paris to ask for help from France. The French in their service formed the Revolutionary Club, the first of its kind in India. Tipu himself attended to him.
The French revolutionaries called him Citizen Sipou. I was in regular contact with Pondicherry, French India.
He sent a mission to Mauritius in search of French recruits. The governor of Mauritius invited the French to join Tipu to expel the British from India. The proclamation of Mauritius and the invasion of Egypt by Napoleon baffled the British.
The British sent an ultimatum to Tipu and launched an unjust war in which Tipu died sword in hand on May 2, 1799. The British failed him in his struggle for Indian independence.
59. Lala Lajpat Rai (1865 – 1928)
Lala Lajpat Rai was born in a small town in 1865. He liked literature and politics, he was a great fighter for freedom. Although he was not born great, he achieved greatness by dint of patriotism.
He began his career as a lawyer. He joined the freedom movement after abandoning his practice under the influence of Gandhiji.
He was a great social reformer and a strong supporter of the mission of Arya Samaj. It served the cause of education and the raising of untouchables and the education of women.
He was the founder of several educational institutions. He was a great speaker. His book “Unhappy India” showed his power pen.
He was a great critic of the British government. He was deported to Burma in 1907. Upon his return, he joined the non-cooperation movement under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi.
He has been imprisoned several times. The Congress has decided to boycott the Simon Commission. When he was leading a demonstration in Lahore, he was beaten several times when the police resorted to the charges.
He said that every blow on his body would be a highlight at Coffin of the British Empire. As a result of these blows, he died three weeks later. The whole country has sunk in pain. Violent demonstrations took place throughout the country.
It was dedicated to religion, love of the country and faith in God. He was a brave man. His death was a blow to the movement of freedom. Everyone respected him for his courage and sacrifice.
His heart was full of kindness and sympathy for all human beings. He was truly a patriot and a great nationalist.
60. Ashfaqulla Khan (1900 – 1927)
Ashfaq’s parents thought that Ashfaq was dominated by evil spirits when he whispered the name of Ram, a Hindu Lord.
His parents called a neighbor who told them that Ashfaq did not whisper the name of the Hindu Lord Ram, but that, in fact, Ashfaq remembered his best friend, Ram Prasad Bismil, whom he called Ram.
Bismil and Ashfaqulla were friends and involved in Kakori Train incident to loot the money for revolutionary activities against the British, once police arrested but somehow they escaped.
Pathan the friend ran into the money greed announced by the British in Ashfaq’s head and called the police who arrested Ashfaq the next morning.
When Ashfaq was in prison, the police superintendent, who was a Muslim, went to Ashfaq and said: “Ashfaq, I am also a Muslim. I can get you released if you become a government approver and testify against Bismil.
Ashfaq’s last words were warning: I warn you, never say those words. Ramprasad is my brother. I would rather die under Hindu rule than live under British rule.
When Gandhiji launched the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1921 and asked people not to pay taxes, revolutionaries like Ashfaq and Bismil actively participated in this movement and whole-heartedly supported Gandhiji’s efforts to free India from foreign domination.
61. Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar (1878 – 1931)
62. Dr. Maghfoor Ahmad Ajazi (1900 – 1966)
63. Hyder Ali (1720 – 1782)
64. Begum Zeenat Mahal (1823 – 1886)
65. Tatya Tope (1814 – 1859)
66. Babu Kunwar Singh (1777 – 1858)
67. Vinoba Bhave (1895 – 1982)
68. Khudiram Bose (1889 – 1908)
69. Dr. Zakir Husain (1897 – 1969)
70. Acharya J.B.Kripalani (1888 – 1982)
71. Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed (1905 – 1977)
72. Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (1890 – 1988)
73. C. Rajagopalachari (1878 – 1972)
74. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (1888 – 1975)
75. Sarojini Naidu (1879 – 1949)
76. Sri Satguru Ram Singh Kuka (1816 – 1885)
77. Madan Lal Dhingra (1883 – 1909)
78. Saifuddin Kitchlew (1888 – 1963)
79. Abdul Bari (1892 – 1947)
80. Dr. Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari (1880 – 1936)
81. Hakim Ajmal Khan (1868 – 1927)
82. Hasrat Mohani (1878 – 1951)
83. Subramanya Bharathi (1882 – 1921)
84. Vinayak Damodar Savarkar (1883 – 1966)
85. Dadabhai Naoroji (1825 – 1917)
86. Tiruppur Kumaran (1904 – 1932)
87. Kittur Rani Chennamma (1778 – 1829)
88. Kalpana Datta (1913 – 1995)
89. Peer Ali Khan (1881 – 1958)
Peer Ali Khan changed into the part of the uprising of 1857 and he becomes additionally a number of the 14 folks who had been given capital punishment through the British regime.
He was hanged to demise for his role within the revolt and he inspired the youth of the nation to take part in the fight for freedom.
90. Tara Rani Srivastava
Tata Rani is known for her warfare in the freedom movement. It is thought that she led a procession in the front of Siwan Police Station alongside her husband and her husband became shot at some point of the procession.
She truly bandaged the wound of her husband and he or she moved forward with the procession.
Later whilst she got here returned to the spot, her husband becomes no more. She is the symbol of electricity and resolution.
These are the famous Freedom Fighters Names who played a vital role in getting freedom. In Addition we hear many times “National Leaders of India” from the children from schools afterwards only it recalls the days of Independence Day or Republic day or few were remembered with their jayanties but there are a lot of people who contributed their life to get the Freedom from the British, this is a small work collected and presented to all of our Freedom Fighters of India who has struggled and many were not know to the people much.