The Freedom Fighters in India were individuals fighting for freedom and actively participating in our national movement in India to get rid of all the colonies that came to India in the name of trade and for other purposes.
Hansraj Ahir Minister of State responded to a question raised in Rajya Sabha said : The India still has 37,356 freedom fighters living and receiving a pension of 594.81 crores of rupees.
There were many types of people who settled in India like Dutch, Portuguese, English, French, Turkish and many others.
The main problem was with the British started trading and after sometime saw opportunity and founded the East India Company.
They had the power to rule in India under the letter granted by Queen Elizabeth to England. They treated the Indians as British slaves for a long period of time for centuries.
Our Indian freedom fighters opposed this and fought against them. There are many of our great national leaders in India who have been neglected with the masses, who will be treated on this issue. We should be proud of our national leaders of India, salute them!
According to the people of India, “Mahatma Gandhi” is considered as first fighter for the freedom of India on the list of great leaders who has taken active participation in national movement with his knowledge of law and took the responsibility to act peacefully against the British.
There were only a few national leaders got attention in the freedom movement, so we tried to cover as many people who have contributed or sacrificed their lives for us who has been neglected to appear on the frontier.
Let us see the freedom fighters names list and their details.
List of Freedom Fighters in India
1. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (1869 – 1948)
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi became a great freedom fighter and an influential political leader after an incident occurred while traveling by train. He played a leading role in India’s struggle for independence.
Gandhi is well called as Mahatma (a outstanding soul), Bapuji (affection for his father in Gujarati) and father of the country.
Every year, his birthday is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti, a country wide vacation in India, celebrated as the international Day of Nonviolence.
Mahatma Gandhi helped to free India from British rule. Gandhi was still following 2 weapons with him; Truth and nonviolence has inspired many other political leaders around the world, including Nelson Mandela, Martin Luther King and Aung San Suu Kyi.
Gandhi, in addition to helping India to join the struggle for independence against the British, also led a simple life, Gandhi’s life was quite common and he became a great man in his life.
Read more: Mahatma Gandhi
First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win.
2. Subhash Chandra Bose (1897 – 1945)
Subhash Chandra Bose, also known as Netaji, was one of the most important leaders of the Indian independence movement against the British Raj. He was Born in Cuttack in 1897.
Subhash Chandra Bose, who started and led the “Azad Hind Army” to act armed trouble in the state of being against to the from England Army.
According to reports, Subhash Chandra Bose died in a plane crash in Taiwan while flying in the Tokyo in August 1945. However, his body was never found to anyone.
Read more: Subhash Chandra Bose
3. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (1889 – 1964)
Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Indian prime minister. He was born in Allahabad on November 14, 1889. His father, Motilal Nehru, was a prominent lawyer.
He also became a lawyer in the future after graduate school, like his father. He found that the British treated the Indians very badly, then promised to join the freedom movement and fight for India against the British.
He joined the National movement of India with Mahatma Gandhi and then became the first prime minister of India.
He loved children so much, so his birthday on November 14, celebrated as Children’s Day in India. He was called Chacha Nehru by the children.
Read more: Jawaharlal Nehru
4. Tilka Manjhi (1750 – 1785)
He was born on February 11th, 1750 in Sultanganj, Bihar. He born in a small town referred to as Tilakpur and belonged to the remarkable Santhal family. His father’s name changed into Sundara Murmu.
Tilka Manjhi have become a outstanding fighter and a person who rebelled towards British rule even before Mangal Pandey. He have come to be a martyr in the records of India due to the primary tribal peasant revolt motion.
He accumulated the Santals and shaped a group like Mukti Dal to combat exploitation.
Read more: Tilka Manjhi
5. Sucheta Kripalani (1908 – 1974)
Sucheta Kriplani was a great fighter for the freedom of India. She was born as Sucheta Mazumdar in 1908.
She was the first woman to be elected as prime minister of a state in India. She made an immense contribution in the struggle for the freedom of India.
Sucheta Kriplani was born in a Bengali family in the city of Ambala. His father S.N. Majumdar was an Indian nationalist. Sucheta attended Indraprastha College and St. Stephen’s College in Delhi.
After finishing her studies, she took the position of professor at the Hindu University of Banaras. In 1936, he tied his matrimonial knots with a socialist Acharya Kriplani and joined the Indian National Congress.
Read more: Sucheta Kriplani
6. Taraknath Das (1884 – 1958)
The Taraknath Das story sheds light on our understanding of Indian settlements in North America.
It explains the nature of India’s intellectual presence abroad and the struggle for Indian freedom in the West.
Born into a middle-class Bengali family, Taraknath Das (1884-1958), he joined Anushilan Samiti, an anti-British secret society in colonial Bengal.
Read more: Taraknath Das
7. Surendranath Banerjee (1848 – 1925)
He was a great Indian patriot of Bengal. He was selected for the Civil Services of India in 1896, but was fired for controversial reasons. He was a founding member of the Indian National Congress and was twice elected president. Surendranath Banerjee also distinguished himself as a journalist.
Surendranath Banerjee launched powerful press campaigns, particularly through his newspaper Bengalee to spread nationalist sentiments across the country. He played an important role in the Swadeshi movement and in the movements launched against the partition of Bengal.
In 1918, however, he left Congress. In 1921, he accepted the offer of the position of Minister of Local Autonomy and Health, which was felt by other nationalists.
Read more: Surendranath Banerjee
8. Ullaskar Dutta (1885 – 1965)
Ullaskar was a member of the Jugantar party and became an expert in bomb making. Khudiram Bose used a bomb made by Ullaskar and Hem Chandra Das to try to assassinate a brutal magistrate, Kingsford.
However, the police have trapped many members of the Jugantar group, including Ullaskar Dutta, Barindra Ghosh and Khudiram.
Read more: Ullaskar Dutta
9. Bhagat Singh, Rajguru & Sukhdev (1907, 1908, 1907 – 1931)
Bhagat Singh is one of the most adorned heroes of India’s freedom movement. He was born on September 28 1907, at Banga-Chak, District. Lyallpur, Punjab, India. The name of his father was Sardar Kishan Singh and his mother was Smt. Vidyawati. His mentor was S. Kartar Singh Sarabha
Bhagat Singh, Rajguru & Sukhdev all were sentenced to death by hanging by the British court system in the Lahore conspiracy case. All three were hanged in the evening at 7 pm on March 23, 1931. They kissed the knots of the rope before being hanged. Their last words were “Inqualab Zindabad”.
Read more: Bhagat Singh, Rajguru & Sukhdev
10. Sarat Chandra Bose (1889 – 1950)
He was born on 1889 in Calcutta, Indian freedom fighter. He was born in the district of 24 Parganas (West Bangal).
Sarat Chandra Bose parents were Janaki Nath Bose and Prabhabati Devi. He married Bibhabati and Subash Chandra Bose was one of his brother who made India proud and remembered for long.
Read more: Sarat Chandra Bose
11. Chandra Shekhar Azad (1906 – 1931)
Chandra Shekhar Tiwari was born on July 23, 1906. His father’s name was Sitaram Tiwari and his mother’s name was Jagrani Devi.
Azad’s childhood went through the tribal area and he learned how to do his job well by living with the Bhils, which allowed him to become a good marksman in his childhood.
Chandra Shekhar Azad was associated with Gandhi’s non-cooperation movement at the age of 14 and because of this movement he were arrested and when his was presented in front of magistrate he called his name as Azad(free) from then he was called Azad.
On February 27, 1931, the police surrounded Chandrasekhar Azad in a park, but he don’t want to take his life from British weapons so he ended by shooted himself with his gun.
Read more: Chandra Shekhar Azad
12. Bhupendra Nath Datta (1880 – 1961)
Bhupendra Nath Datta (September 4, 1880 – December 25, 1961) was an Indian revolutionary and later a renowned sociologist.
In his youth, he was closely associated with the Jugantar movement, as editor of Jugantar Patrika until his arrest and imprisonment in 1907.
In his last revolutionary career he knew the Indo-German plot. His older brother was Swami Vivekananda. The Asian Society today celebrates the commemorative conference of Dr. Bhupendra Nath Datta in his honor.
Read more: Bhupendra Nath Datta
13. Jayaprakash Narayan (1902 – 1979)
He was an independent Indian activist and a great political leader of India. He was commonly called JP and Loknayak, which means leader of the masses. He was born on October 11, 1902.
He was very interested in the political development of the country. It made a lot of noise in the political field.
To suppress JP’s movement, she declared Urgency on June 25, 1975. She put opposition leaders with Jayaprakash Narayan in jail. He left prison with his health broken in 1976 to participate in the elections.The main leaders of five opposition parties united under the leadership of Jaya Prakash Narayan.
They appealed to a party called the Janata Party to challenge the elections against the Congress Party. Lok Nayak did a great job for his party and won the election. Once, Pandit Nehru offered him the position of minister in the cabinet of the Union.
He rejected it. He was the true follower of Gandhi’s principles. People called him “king without a crown”. It was a symbol of light for Janata Party in power.
Read more: Jayaprakash Narayan
14. Pulin Behari Das (1877 – 1949)
He was an Indian revolutionary from Bengal who lived between January 24, 1877 and August 17, 1949. He is the founding president of Dhaka Anushilan Samiti. Later, he was influenced by a yogi and had a sense of detachment from the physical world.
Later, Bangiya Byayam Samiti was successfully managed by her second son Sourendra until 2005 and now her grandchildren are trying to rebuild it, seeking help from government and professionals.
Pulin Behari Das founded the Bharat Sevak Sangh in 1920 to pursue its revolutionary principles. He published two periodicals, Hak Katha and Swaraj, and also criticized the principles of nonviolence.
Read more: Pulin Behari Das
15. Atulkrishna Ghosh (1890 – 1966)
He was a revolutionary from Bengal. He was one of the main defenders of the elimination of British colonial rule, which caused irreversible damage to the Indians.
This patriot was totally opposed to discrimination on behalf of caste and religion and was a strong advocate of liberal democratic ideas. His contribution to the Indian struggle for independence is very profound.
Atulkrishna Ghosh was born in a middle-class family in Jaduboyra-Etmampur, Bangladesh, in 1890, Atulkrishna Ghosh did well. He graduated from Krishnanath College (Behrampur) with a B.Sc. His brothers and sisters associated with revolutionary activities in different ways.
Read more: Atulkrishna Ghosh
16. Bhola Paswan Shastri (1914 – 1984)
He is one of the revolutionaries who played an critical role within the struggle for freedom in India. He become high-quality called the Chief Minister of the State of Bihar, 3 times among 1968 and 1971.
Bhola Paswan Shastri born in 1914 in Bairgacchi, district of Purnea, Bihar. His own family belonged to the Pasi network. This network, at the time of its birth and even earlier than, became taken into consideration an untouchable community.
But considering his birth, he changed into a dynamic individual, complete of zeal, love for his country and a great hobby in politics and social troubles.
Read more: Bhola Paswan Shastri
17. Birsa Munda (1875 – 1900)
He was an Indian freedom fighter and a tribal leader who rebelled against British rule.
He was a visionary who played a crucial role in the liberation of his community, the tribal people, who were exposed to the continued dominance of British exploitation policies and atrocities.
Birsa Munda had his own experiences as a child traveling from one place to another in search of work helped him understand various problems that the community was suffering due to British oppression.
After realizing that the British company had come to India to torture people and bring wealth abroad, he began to raise awareness about the British public and to gather his army of tribes.
Read more: Birsa Munda
18. Sahajanand Saraswati (1889 – 1950)
He was born in the district of Ghazipur in the northwestern provinces of British India, was an ascetic, nationalist and peasant leader of India.
Although Sahajanand Saraswati, was born in the northwestern provinces (now Uttar Pradesh), his social and political activities focused mainly on Bihar in the early days and gradually spread to the rest of India with the formation of the All India Kisan Sabha.
He had installed an ashram in Bihta, near Patna, and had done most of his work there at the end of his life. He was an intellectual writer, prolific, social reformer and revolutionary.
Read more: Sahajanand Saraswati
19. Ram Manohar Lohia (1910 – 1967)
He was first and foremost a man of ideas. That does not mean that his short life (1910-1967) was without action: there was his clandestine work during the Quit India movement, the liberation of Goa, the democracy movement in Nepal, etc.
But Ram Manohar Lohia goal of building a strong socialist movement in India was never realized, the socialist party of which he was part broke and lost its character.
However, his ideas and formulations survived the remnants of the parties and movements with which he was associated. In fact, they have changed the grammar of Indian politics and offer a new lexicon to understand and describe the currents that shape power equations, particularly in northern India.
Read more: Ram Manohar Lohia
20. Shankar Dayal Sharma (1918 – 1999)
Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma was born on August 19, 1918 in the city of Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India. His father’s name was Khushilal Sharma and his mother’s name was Subhadra Sharma. He studied at Agra College, Punjab University and Lucknow University. He obtained his doctorate in law.
In 1992 to 1997, Shankar Dayal Sharma became the ninth president of India . Prior to his presidency, he was the eighth vice president of India. He was president of the Indian National Congress in 1972-1974. He also became governor of many states. He was also the prime minister of Madhya Pradesh. He also became cabinet minister.
Shankar Dayal Sharma died on December 26, 1999 at the age of 81 in New Delhi, India. He will always be remembered for his outstanding contribution to the international legal profession and his commitment to the rule of law.
Read more: Shankar Dayal Sharma
21. Sachindra Nath Sanyal (1893 – 1942)
A incredible Indian progressive, he is widely recognized for his inspiring work in the formation of the Army of the Republic of Hindustan (1924), an Indian navy that overthrew the British Raj. He has been the model of many famous revolutionaries, including the iconic Bhagat Singh.
Sachindra Nath Sanyal was tortured and suffered in prison but did not prevent him from resuming his modern activities after his launch. His reputation and lively participation in numerous anti-British programs has disillusioned the government.
Read more: Sachindra Nath Sanyal
22. Bagha Jatin (1879 – 1915)
Jatindranath Mukherjee, who is remembered as Bagha Jatin, was one of the leading Bengali revolutionaries fighting against British rule in India. From an early age, Bagha Jatin became the leader of the Yugantar political party in Bengal, which helped to organize revolutionary activities against the British.
Although it was the English rule against which he fought, most Englishmen loved and respected Jatindranath Mukherjee. Charles Augustus Tegart, a police officer from British India, said that the Bengali revolutionaries were a race of selfless political workers and that Bagha Jatin was a shining example.
In addition to the conflict with the British, he was also involved in the German plot of the First World War.
Read more: Bagha Jatin
23. Manmath Nath Gupta (1908 – 2000)
He was an Indian revolutionary writer and author of autobiographical, historical and fiction books in Hindi, English and Bengali. He joined the Indian independence movement at the age of 13 and was an active member of the Hindustan Republican Association.
Manmath Nath Gupta had made a one big mistake in his life where he was sorry for what he did till his death, in the DD channel he told this to the public.
Read more: Manmath Nath Gupta
24. Baikuntha Shukla (1907 – 1934)
Baikuntha Shukla was an Indian nationalist and a revolutionary belonging to a family of Yogendra Shukla, one of the founders of the Hindu Socialist Republican Association.
He was a teacher in Mathurapur who was hanged for murdering Phanindra Nath Ghosh, on the year 1934, he was hanged at the Gaya Central Prison
He also became a government approver, which led to the execution of hanging Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru.
Read more: Baikuntha Shukla
25. Shriram Sharma (1911 – 1990)
Shriram Sharma was a social reformer, a prominent philosopher, a visionary of the new golden age and founder of “All World Gayatri Pariwar”, based in Shantikunj, Haridwar, India.
He is popularly known as Pandit Shriram Sharma Acharya by the members of Gayatri Pariwar.
His most inspiring contribution continues to be to help young people develop a character that fits the noble values of India.
Read more: Shriram Sharma
26. Ganesh Dutt Singh (1868 – 1943)
Sir Ganesh Dutt Singh was an Indian administrator serving the British and an educator. He did much to improve education and health services in the state of Bihar and Orissa before the independence of India from Great Britain.
His educational values continue to be relevant and are points of reference for the current generation and also he made an important donation for the development of Patna University in the 1930’s.
Read more: Ganesh Dutt Singh
27. Raj Narain (1917 – 1986)
He was a freedom fighter and an Indian politician. He won a famous case of electoral negligence against the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, which allowed him to be disqualified and become imperious in India in 1975. He defeated Indira Gandhi in the 1977 elections in Lok Sabha. .
Raj Narain was the son of Anant Prasad Singh. He was born on December 19, 1717 in Kartik Akshaya Navami in a wealthy village called Motikoat, in Gangapur, Varanasi.
He belonged to the bhumihar royal family of Varanasi and was directly associated with the Maharaja Chet Singh family and with Maharaja Balwant Singh, who were the kings of Varanasi more than a century ago.
He studied at the Hindu University of Banaras and obtained a master’s degree in science and a master’s degree in law.
Read more: Raj Narain
28. Yamuna Karjee (1898 – 1953)
Yamuna Karjee was born in a small town called Deopar, near Pusa, in the district of Darbhanga, Bihar, in 1900. His father, Anu Karjee, was a farmer who died when Yamuna Karjee was only 6 months old.
From his studies, he was attracted by the struggle for the freedom of India and by the Kisan movement and the peasant movement under the leadership of Sahajan and Saraswati.
In the peasant movement, he became a close associate of other revolutionary peasant leaders such as Karyanand Sharma, Yadunandan Sharma and Panchanan Sharma.
Read more: Yamuna Karjee
29. Dinesh Gupta (1911 – 1931)
Dinesh Gupta was born on December 6, 1911 in Josholong, Munshiganj district, today in Bangladesh. While studying at Dhaka College, Dinesh joined Bengal Volunteers, a group organized by Subhas Chandra Bose in 1928, on the occasion of the Calcutta session of the National Congress of India.
Soon the Volunteers of Bengal became a more active revolutionary association and they planned to liquidate the infamous British police. Dinesh Gupta spent some time in Midnapore training local revolutionaries in the use of firearms.
The revolutionaries he formed are responsible for the successive murders of three district magistrates, Douglas, Burge and Peddy.
Read more: Dinesh Gupta
30. Ram Prasad Bismil (1897 – 1927)
Ram Prasad Bismil was an Indian revolutionary who participated in the Mainpuri conspiracy of 1918 and the Kakori conspiracy of 1925 and fought against British imperialism.
In addition to being a freedom fighter, he was a patriotic poet and wrote in Hindi and Urdu using the given names Ram, Agyat and Bismil.
He belongs to a Hindu religious family. Bismil went to moulvi to learn Urdu. He learned Hindi from his father. He wanted to learn English by entering an English school, even though his father was not satisfied.
Read more: Ram Prasad Bismil
31. Prafulla Chaki (1888 – 1908)
Prafulla Chaki was a Bengali revolutionary associated with the revolutionary group Jugantar. He was one of the first martyrs of the movement for freedom.
Along with another revolutionary leader, Khudiram Bose, he was elected to the murder of Kingsford, magistrate of Muzaffarpur, in Bihar.
In his previous term, Kingsford was unpopular for imposing harsh and cruel sentences on young political workers in Bengal. It was also known to inflict corporal punishment on such workers. This led to the planning of his murder.
The revolutionaries fled and chose different routes to escape. A massive hunt followed. Prafulla escaped from the police for two days and just as he was about to be caught, he preferred to take out his gun and shoot himself in the fire, instead of going to the gallows.
Read more: Prafulla Chaki
32. Sidhu Murmu (1855–1856)
Sidhu Murmu was a well-known person of the Santhal rebellion fought against British domination and corruption caused by the high class people and the Zamindars in the disrespectful way in the place of Jharkhand.
He is a person who attaches great importance to history and who is responsible for the rebel against the British government.
Read more: Sidhu Murmu
33. Kanhu Murmu (1855–1856)
Kanhu Murmu, of the Jharkhand region, a state in eastern India that was once a British colony, was the scene of a rebellion in 1855.
This rebellion was to overthrow British rule and the atrocities of the corrupt capitalist system of high caste zamindars.
The state of Jharkhand saw this rebellion and praised him and his brother as a great leader. This rebellion was known as the “Santhal Rebellion”. And this brave, dynamic and young leader was called Kanhu Murmu.
Read more: Kanhu Murmu
34. Karyanand Sharma (1901 – 1965)
Sharma was a prominent freedom fighter of India and a revolutionary peasant leader who led several movements against the zamindars and the British government of India and fought for the rights of the peasants.
Pandit Karyanand Sharma was born in 1901 in the village of Sahoor, Monghyr district (now Munger), Bihar state. It belonged to a poor tenant, the Bhumihar Brahmin family.
After starting school very early, Sharma had to leave school to support her family in agriculture and agriculture. Later, he continued his studies from 1914 and passed his registration exam in 1920.
Read more: Karyanand Sharma
These are the famous Freedom Fighters Names who played a vital role in getting freedom. In Addition we hear many times “National Leaders of India” from the children from schools afterwards only it recalls the days of Independence Day or Republic day or few were remembered with their jayanties but there are a lot of people who contributed their life to get the Freedom from the British, this is a small work collected and presented to all of our Freedom Fighters in India who has struggled and many were not know to the people much.