The Freedom Fighters of India were individuals who fought for freedom and who actively participated in our national movement in India to get rid of all the colonies established in India, in the name of trade and for other purposes.
There were many types of people who settled in India like Dutch, Portuguese, English, French, Turkish and many others. The main problem was with the British started trading and after some time saw the opportunity and founded the East India Company. They had the power to rule in India under the charter granted by Queen Elizabeth. They treated the Indians as British slaves for a long period of time, for centuries.
Our Indian freedom fighters opposed this and fought against them. Mahatma Gandhi is the father of our nation who stood strong and achieved freedom by following his 2 big weapons “Truth and Non-Violence”, who have taken active participation in the freedom movement. With his practice of the law and following ethics and morals, he took the responsibility to act peacefully against the British.
There were only a few national leaders who got attention in the freedom movement, so we tried to cover as many people who have contributed or sacrificed their lives for us who have been neglected to appear on the frontier. We salute them!
Hansraj Ahir Minister of State responded to a question raised in Rajya Sabha said: India still has 37,356 freedom fighters living and receiving a pension of 594.81 crores of rupees.
Let us see the list of important freedom fighters and information with images below.
List of Freedom Fighters in India
1. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (1869-1948)
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was a great freedom fighter and an influential person for the people of India after an incident occurred while traveling by train. He played a leading role in India’s struggle for independence.
Mahatma Gandhi helped to free India from British rule. Gandhiji had 2 weapons with him; Truth and nonviolence, which have inspired many other political leaders around the world, including Nelson Mandela, Martin Luther King, and Aung San Suu Kyi.
[ Also Checkout: Why Nathuram Godse Killed Gandhi? ]
2. Subhas Chandra Bose (1897-1945)
Subhas Chandra Bose left Congress even after becoming president of Congress in 1939, due to political differences with Mahatma Gandhi. One day, he created his own Indian National Party called Azad Hind Fauj, convinced that Gandhiji’s policy of non-violence was not capable enough to make India an independent country.
Netaji left for Tokyo on the plane, but the plane crashed in Formosa & still many controversies about his death. Netaji’s adventures still inspire millions of young Indians to do something for their country.
3. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (1889-1964)
In India, many people were born great and Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was one of them. He was the person who had great vision, honesty, hard work, sincerity, patriotism, and intellectual powers. He became the first prime minister of independent India, so he is named the architect of modern India.
He loved children so much, so his birthday on November 14, celebrated as Children’s Day in India. He was called Chacha Nehru by the children.
4. Tilka Manjhi (1750-1785)
Tilka Manjhi was the first Adivasi leader to take up arms against the British in 1784, some 100 years earlier than Mangal Pandey. He organized the Adivasis to form an armed group to fight against the hoarding of resources and the exploitation of the British.
The year 1784 is considered the first armed rebellion against the British and marks the beginning of Paharia. Baba Tilka Manjhi attacked Augustus Cleveland, the British commissioner [lieutenant], and Rajmahal with a Gulel (a weapon similar to a sling) who later sentenced.
5. Sucheta Kriplani (1908-1974)
Sucheta Kriplani, a great women freedom fighter, and was greatly inspired by the work of Mahatma Gandhi and in 1946 she joined Kasturba Gandhi Memorial Trust as secretary of the organization. In her last years, she started working with Gandhi Ji.
She was also elected to the Constituent Assembly and sang the national song in the session of independence of the Constituent Assembly on August 15, 1947.
6. Taraknath Das (1884-1958)
Taraknath Das is the founder of the Indian Independence League, which is carried out with the active participation of Panduranga Khankoje. He even received funds to launch his newspaper called Free Hindustan, published in English.
The newspaper would have been the first publication of South Asia made in Canada. In 1907, Taraknath Das created an association called the Hindustani Association. His newspaper, Free Hindustan, was an anti-British organization that led to the formation of the Gadar party and encouraged the people.
7. Surendranath Banerjee (1848-1925)
Surendranath Banerjee was a great Indian patriot of Bengal. He was selected for the Civil Services of India in 1896 but was fired for controversial reasons. He was a founding member of the Indian National Congress and was twice elected president. Surendranath Banerjee also distinguished himself as a journalist.
Surendranath Banerjee launched powerful press campaigns, particularly through his newspaper Bengalee to spread nationalist sentiments across the country. He played an important role in the Swadeshi movement and in the movements launched against the partition of Bengal.
8. Ullaskar Dutta (1885-1965)
It was the time when British citizens living in India did not respect any Indian community and could speak with contempt without fear of being prosecuted for the same reason. Professor Russell, one of the British professors, made offensive comments about the Bengali community. Ullaskar Dutta could not keep calm before this insult and ended up attacking the professor.
However, the police have trapped many members of the Jugantar group, including Ullaskar Dutta, Barindra Ghosh, and Khudiram and prisoned for several years.
9. Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev (1907, 1908, 1907-1931)
When the British government passed a law that suppresses the struggle for freedom, it gave the British police the freedom to make unauthorized arrests. Bhagat Singh and his friends planned to throw a low intensified bomb in the parliament and they surrendered, they were accused of attempted murder and sentenced to 14 years of life in 1929.
Further investigation by the police discovered other members, some of whom became informants and helped the police put Bhagat Singh in touch with the alleged murder of a British officer. On March 17, a telegram was sent to the Home department stating that the execution date for hanging was mentioned on 23rd March 1931 and finally, Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev were hanged but their last word inspires us even today “Inquilab Zindabad”.
10. Sarat Chandra Bose (1889-1950)
Sarat Chandra Bose was an Indian freedom fighter and also the elder brother of Subhas Chandra Bose. He was the head of the National Congress of India in the Central Legislative Assembly. He helped enormously to form the National Army of India, which was then led by his brother Subhas Chandra Bose.
In 1946 he was appointed Minister of Public Works, Mines, and Power in the Interim Government. In 1947 he strongly opposed the partition and resigned the Committee of the Congress of India. After independence, Sarat Chandra Bose directed the Forward block, formed by his brother.
11. Chandra Shekhar Azad (1906-1931)
Under the successful leadership of Chandra Shekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt executed a bomb explosion at the Central Assembly in Delhi on April 8, 1929. On February 27, 1931, while Chandrashekhar Azad was sitting in Alfred Park along with his compatriot Sukhdev Raj, the police surrounded him with information from the informant.
For a long time, Azad fought alone but he doesn’t want to take his life from British weapons so he ended by shot himself with his gun. He was a famous revolutionary in the struggle of freedom, After 15 years of Azad’s martyrdom, his dream of Indian independence ended on August 15, 1947.
12. Bhupendra Nath Datta (1880-1961)
Bhupendra Nath Datta was the elder brother was Swami Vivekananda. Datta decided to join the Indian Independence movement and joined the Bengal Revolutionary Society formed by Pramathanath Mitra in 1902.
In 1906, he became editor of the Jugantar Patrika newspaper. This newspaper was the spokesman for the Revolutionary Party of Bengal. At that time, he became a close collaborator of Sri Aurobindo and Barindra Ghosh.
13. Jayaprakash Narayan (1902-1979)
Jayaprakash Narayan was an independent Indian activist and a great political leader of India. He was commonly called JP and Loknayak, which means the leader of the masses. He was very interested in the political development of the country. It made a lot of noise in the political field.
To suppress JP’s movement, Indira Gandhi declared an Emergency in India on June 25, 1975. She put opposition leaders along with Jayaprakash Narayan in jail. He was the true follower of Gandhi’s principles. People called him “king without a crown”. It was a symbol of light for the Janata Party in power.
14. Pulin Behari Das (1877-1949)
Pulin Behari Das was an Indian revolutionary from Bengal who was the founding president of Dhaka Anushilan Samiti. Later, he was influenced by a yogi and had a sense of detachment from the physical world.
Pulin Behari Das founded the Bharat Sevak Sangh in 1920 to pursue its revolutionary principles. He published two periodicals, Hak Katha and Swaraj, and also criticized the principles of nonviolence.
15. Atulkrishna Ghosh (1890-1966)
Atulkrishna Ghosh was a revolutionary from Bengal. This patriot was totally opposed to discrimination on behalf of caste and religion and was a strong advocate of liberal democratic ideas. His contribution to the Indian struggle for independence is very profound.
Atulkrishna Ghosh was born in a middle-class family in Jaduboyra-Etmampur, Bangladesh in 1890, he graduated from Krishnanath College (Behrampur) with a B.Sc. His brothers and sisters associated with revolutionary activities in different ways.
16. Bhola Paswan Shastri (1914-1984)
Bhola Paswan Shastri is one of the revolutionaries who played a critical role in the struggle for freedom in India. He becomes Chief Minister of the State of Bihar, 3 times between 1968 and 1971. He was born to a family belonged to the Pasi caste. This community, at the time of his birth and even earlier than, take into consideration an untouchable community.
But considering his birth, he changed into a dynamic individual, complete of zeal, love for his country and a great hobby in politics and social troubles.
17. Birsa Munda (1875-1900)
Birsa Munda was an Indian freedom fighter and a first tribal leader who rebelled against British rule. He was a visionary who played a crucial role in the liberation of his community, the tribal people, who were exposed to the continued dominance of British exploitation policies and atrocities.
Birsa Munda had his own experiences as a child traveling from one place to another in search of work that helped him understand various problems that the community was suffering due to British oppression. After realizing, he began to raise awareness about the British public and to gather his army of tribes.
18. Sahajanand Saraswati (1889-1950)
Sahajanand Saraswati installed an ashram in Bihta, near Patna, and had done most of his work there at the end of his life. He was an intellectual writer, prolific, social reformer and revolutionary.
After hearing the arrest of Saraswati during the Quit India movement, Subhash Chandra Bose and All India Forward Bloc decided to observe April 28 as Swami Sahajanand’s Day of India to protest his imprisonment by the British Raj.
19. Ram Manohar Lohia (1910-1967)
Ram Manohar Lohia was first and foremost a man of ideas. His goal of building a strong socialist movement in India was never realized, the socialist party of which he was part broke and lost its character.
However, his ideas and formulations survived the remnants of the parties and movements with which he was associated. In fact, they have changed the grammar of Indian politics and offer a new lexicon to understand and describe the currents that shape power equations, particularly in northern India.
20. Shankar Dayal Sharma (1918-1999)
Shankar Dayal Sharma became the 9th president of India. Prior to his presidency, he was the eighth vice president of India. He was president of the Indian National Congress in 1972-1974. He also became governor of many states. He was also the chief minister of Bhopal. He also became a cabinet minister.
Shankar Dayal Sharma died on 26th December 1999, at the age of 81 in New Delhi, India. He will always be remembered for his outstanding contribution to the international legal profession and his commitment to the rule of law.
21. Sachindra Nath Sanyal (1893-1942)
Sachindra Nath Sanyal an Indian revolutionary and founding member of the Republican Association of Hindustan (HRA), was created to carry out revolutionary activities against the British Empire in India.
It was the inspiration of revolutionaries like Chandrashekhar Azad and Bhagat Singh, Sanyal was heavily involved in the Ghadar Party plan. He was sent to the dreaded cell prison of Andamans, where he wrote the famous book “Bandi Jeevan” (A life of captivity).
22. Bagha Jatin (1879-1915)
Jatindranath Mukherjee, who is remembered as Bagha Jatin, was one of the leading Bengali revolutionaries fighting against British rule in India. From an early age, Bagha Jatin became the leader of the Yugantar political party in Bengal, which helped to organize revolutionary activities against the British.
Although it was the English rule against which he fought, most Englishmen loved and respected Jatindranath Mukherjee. Charles Augustus Tegart, a police officer from British India, said that the Bengali revolutionaries were a race of selfless political workers and that Bagha Jatin was a shining example. In addition to the conflict with the British, he was also involved in the German plot of the First World War.
23. Manmath Nath Gupta (1908-2000)
Manmath Nath Gupta was an Indian revolutionary writer and author of autobiographical, historical and fiction books in Hindi, English, and Bengali. He joined the Indian independence movement at the age of 13 and was an active member of the Hindustan Republican Association.
When Mahatma Gandhi canceled the non-cooperation movement after the Chauri Chaura incident in 1922, Gupta was seriously disappointed by Congress and Gandhi. He had made one big mistake in his life where he was sorry for what he did till his death, in the DD channel he told this to the public.
24. Baikuntha Shukla (1907-1934)
Baikuntha Shukla was an Indian nationalist and a revolutionary belonging to a family of Yogendra Shukla, one of the founders of the Hindu Socialist Republican Association. He was a teacher in Mathurapur who was hanged for murdering Phanindra Nath Ghosh, on the year 1934, Baikuntha Shukla was hanged at the Gaya Central Prison for his act.
Phanindra Nath Ghosh also became a government approver, which led to the execution of hanging Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru.
25. Shriram Sharma (1911-1990)
Shriram Sharma was a social reformer, a prominent philosopher, a visionary of the new golden age and founder of “All World Gayatri Pariwar”, based in Shantikunj, Haridwar, India. His most inspiring contribution continues to be to help young people develop a character that fits the noble values of India.
He was arrested for violating the prohibition orders in April 1931 in Agra but was released shortly after. Undaunted, he announced the procession of a flag in the town of Parakhi, near his hometown, Awalkhera. The government issued restraining orders again and the police attacked the parade with batons. Shriram was unconscious and taken to a nearby hospital.
Find More Freedom Fighters Statewise:
- Freedom Fighters in Karnataka
- Freedom Fighters in Tamilnadu
- Freedom Fighters in Kerala
- Freedom Fighters in Andhra Pradesh
26. Ganesh Dutt Singh (1868-1943)
Sir Ganesh Dutt Singh was an Indian administrator serving the British and an educator. He did much to improve education and health services in the state of Bihar and Orissa before the independence of India from Great Britain.
His educational values continue to be relevant and are points of reference for the current generation and also he made an important donation for the development of Patna University in the 1930s.
27. Raj Narain (1917-1986)
Raj Narain was a freedom fighter and an Indian politician. He won a famous case of electoral negligence against the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, which allowed him to be disqualified and become imperious in India in 1975. He defeated Indira Gandhi in the 1977 elections in Lok Sabha.
He belonged to the bhumihar royal family of Varanasi and was directly associated with the Maharaja Chet Singh family and with Maharaja Balwant Singh, who were the kings of Varanasi more than a century ago.
28. Yamuna Karjee (1898-1953)
Yamuna Karjee was born in a small town called Deopar, near Pusa, in the district of Darbhanga, Bihar, in 1900. His father, Anu Karjee, was a farmer who died when Yamuna Karjee was only 6 months old.
From his studies, he was attracted by the struggle for the freedom of India and by the Kisan movement and the peasant movement under the leadership of Sahajan and Saraswati. In the peasant movement, he became a close associate of other revolutionary peasant leaders such as Karyanand Sharma, Yadunandan Sharma, and Panchanan Sharma.
29. Prem Krishna Khanna (1984-1993)
Prem Kishan Khanna was an active member of the Hindustan Republican Association of Shahjahanpur U.P. Khanna was a contractor for the railways of India. He was a close associate of the famous revolutionary Ram Prasad Bismil.
Khanna had a license to own a Mauser gun, which was sometimes used by Bismil for his various revolutionary actions. Arrested in the case of Kakori’s conspiracy against the British Empire, he was prosecuted and sentenced to 5 years in rigorous prison for granting his weapon’s license to Bismil.
30. Dinesh Gupta (1911-1931)
Dinesh Gupta joined Bengal Volunteers, a group organized by Subhas Chandra Bose in 1928, on the occasion of the Calcutta session of the National Congress of India. Soon the Volunteers of Bengal became a more active revolutionary association and they planned to liquidate the infamous British police.
Dinesh Gupta spent some time in Midnapore training local revolutionaries in the use of firearms. The revolutionaries he formed are responsible for the successive murders of three district magistrates, Douglas, Burge, and Peddy.
31. Ram Prasad Bismil (1897-1927)
Ram Prasad Bismil was an Indian revolutionary who participated in the Mainpuri conspiracy of 1918 and the Kakori conspiracy of 1925 and fought against British imperialism. In addition to being a freedom fighter, he was a patriotic poet and wrote in Hindi and Urdu using the given names Ram, Agyat, and Bismil.
He belongs to a Hindu religious family. Bismil went to moulvi to learn Urdu. He learned Hindi from his father. He wanted to learn English by entering an English school, even though his father was not satisfied.
32. Prafulla Chaki (1888-1908)
Prafulla Chaki was a Bengali revolutionary associated with the revolutionary group Jugantar. He was one of the first martyrs of the movement for freedom. Along with another revolutionary leader, Khudiram Bose, he was elected to the murder of Kingsford, magistrate of Muzaffarpur, in Bihar.
In his previous term, Kingsford was unpopular for imposing harsh and cruel sentences on young political workers in Bengal. It was also known to inflict corporal punishment on such workers. This led to the planning of his murder. The revolutionaries fled and chose different routes to escape later caught but shot himself in the fire, instead of going to the gallows.
33. Sidhu Murmu (1855-1856)
Sidhu Murmu was a well-known person of the Santhal rebellion fought against British domination and corruption caused by the high-class people and the Zamindars in a disrespectful way in the place of Jharkhand.
He is a person who attaches great importance to the history and who is responsible for the rebel against the British government. Sidhu Murmu was not alone, he had a partner who was with him throughout the fight and the rebel. He is non-other than Kanhu Murmu.
34. Kanha Murmu (1855-1856)
Kanhu Murmu, of the Jharkhand region, a state in eastern India that was once a British colony, was the scene of a rebellion in 1855. This rebellion was to overthrow British rule and the atrocities of the corrupt capitalist system of high caste zamindars.
The state of Jharkhand saw this rebellion and praised him and his brother as a great leader. This rebellion was known as the “Santhal Rebellion”. And this brave, dynamic and young leader was called Kanhu Murmu.
35. Azimullah Khan (1830-1858)
Azimullah Khan was involved in the Indian rebellion of 1857, mainly ideologically, influencing important nobles such as Nana Sahib. Azimullah came up with a French printing press, which was used by others – to print and distribute the literature against the British in India.
Azimullah Khan has died of fever at the end of 1859, after the rebellion was crushed, in the flight of the British to the inhospitable border country of the Nepalese
36. Karyanand Sharma (1901-1965)
Karyanand Sharma was a prominent freedom fighter of India and a revolutionary peasant leader who led several movements against the zamindars and the British government of India and fought for the rights of the peasants.
After starting school very early, Sharma had to leave school to support her family in agriculture. Later, he continued his studies from 1914 and passed his registration exam in 1920.
37. Mangal Pandey (1827-1857)
Mangal Pandey was born in the north of India, in the village of Faizabad in the east of Uttar Pradesh, in the Diwakar Pandey family. Pandey joined the British Army of the East India Company in 1849.
Then, a new rifle was built in India and Mangal Pandey wanted to limit the weapons that contained grease with animal fats. Mangal Pandey refused to obey British orders. Then they invaded their rifles in front of the British officers. Mangal Pandey was an Indian soldier who attacked the British authorities on March 29, 1857. He was hanged a few days later.
38. Jhansi Rani Lakshmi Bai (1828-1858)
Jhansi Rani Lakshmibai became an important center of the revolt of 1857. Jhansi began to strengthen security and created an army of volunteers. In 1857 the great kings of the neighboring state of Jhansi, Orchha, and Datia also attacked.
Rani Lakshmibai defeated them successfully. In March 1858, the British army tried to capture the city of Jhansi. But Rani, with her adopted son, Damodar Rao, was able to escape. Rani died on June 18, 1858. Rani Lakshmibai was the great woman who participated in the Freedom struggle.
39. Dr. Rajendra Prasad (1884-1963)
Rajendra Prasad was an outstanding political leader, lawyer, statesman and social worker. He took an active part in the freedom movements of India. He joined the National Congress of India in 1911.
He was sent to prison several times. He was elected President of the Constituent Assembly on December 11, 1946. Mr. Rajendra Prasad was elected first President of the Republic of India. After his death, he received the Bharat Ratna, the most important civil prize in India. He is the author of many books. He was a great educator and a man of world renown.
40. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (1875-1950)
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel is one of the most common names among all freedom fighters in India. He becomes an important leader of the Indian National Congress and also organizes the Quit India movement, which will eventually pave the way for India’s independence.
Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel was the first Commander in Chief of the Indian Armed Forces and from 15th August 1947, until December 15, 1950. He is called Iron Man because of his strong decisions which made India unite and brought peace in the country.
41. Lal Bahadur Shastri (1904-1966)
Lal Bahadur Shastri after receiving the title of Shastri from Kashi Vidyapeeth, replaced his surname Shrivastav with “Shastri” to free himself from the practice of keeping family names according to caste. He played an important role in the movement for freedom with a notable contribution in 1921, the non-cooperation movement, March Dandi in 1930 and the Quit India Movement in 1942.
Lal Bahadur Shastri mysteriously died on the night of 11th January 1966, in Tashkent, the capital of Russia, after refusing to return the Pakistani lands won by Indian soldiers during the Indo-Pak war.
42. Udham Singh (1899-1940)
Shaheed Udham Singh was 20 years old at the time of the massacre. After the Jallianwala Bagh incident, he involved in the freedom movement to obtain the independence of India from the British.
In 1927 he returned to Punjab. During 4 years in prison, Brigadier General Dyer died as a result of a series of attacks. When Udham Singh was released in 1931, he was under close surveillance due to his close contacts with Bhagat Singh’s Republicans, who were hanged because of the Lahore plot. However, Shaheed Udham Singh, a freedom fighter, has not forgotten his plan. He fired O’Dwyer twice after the meeting ended and his ascent to the platform.
43. Bal Gangadhar Tilak (1856-1920)
Bal Gangadhar Tilak launched 2 newspapers, the “Kesari” in Maharathi and the “Maratha” in English, in 1881. Through these newspapers, he expressed his ideas and woke up the masses. Tilak opposed perverse social practices such as child marriage.
He advocated the literacy of women and the new widowed couple. Tilak launched the public celebrations of the Ganesh Chaturthi and other festivals. These festivals were organized with the aim of uniting people and encouraging them to fight against the British regime. Lokmanya Tilak gave the freedom fighters his motto “Swaraj is my birthright and I will have it.” He ordered the devotion of all.
44. Gopal Krishna Gokhale (1866-1915)
Gopal Krishna Gokhale joined Indian National Congress and began to actively contribute to improving the living conditions of the Indians. In 1905, Gokhale founded a new Society in the name of “Servants of India Society”. In 1912, Gokhale joined Mahatma Gandhi in South Africa to improve the lives of indigenous minorities.
Gopal Krishna Gokhale was a diabetic and asthmatic patient. Therefore, he served the country at its best and due to his activities without rest, it seriously affected Gokhale’s health and finally died on February 19, 1915.
45. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar (1891-1956)
Due to the caste system, many social ills have prevailed in the society. For Babasaheb Ambedkar, it was important to break the religious notion on which the caste system was based. He demanded that public water sources be open to all castes and that all castes have the right to enter the temples. To reach people and make them understand the negative aspects of social ills, he launched a newspaper called Mooknayka (the leader of silence).
Babasaheb Ambedkar also joined Mahatma Gandhi in the Harijan movement, which opposes the social injustice faced by backward castes in India.
46. Sarojini Naidu (1879-1949)
Sarojini Naidu made her way into Indian politics with the help and inspiration of Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Gandhi and Nehru, after the field of poetry. In 1916, Mahatma Gandhi inspired her a lot and immediately decided to use her talent to fight for freedom because she had trouble seeing her mother, India, under the power of the British administration.
She was very responsible and played an important role in raising awareness about the rights and education of women in India. In this demonstration with the Sarojini Naidu, the lakhs of the population participate and a large number of women actively participate in this movement.
47. Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941)
Rabindranath Tagore writing poems at the age of 8. He went to England in 1878 to study law but returned to India before finishing his career as a poet and writer.
He knew how to master the language while writing poems or stories. 2 of his songs by Rabindrasangeet are more famous since they have been the national anthem of two countries like “Amar Shonary Bangla” (National Anthem of Bangladesh) and “Jana Gana Mana”. His creative writings, whether poems or stories have not yet been questioned. Perhaps he was the first to close the gap between the west and the east thanks to his effective writings.
48. Bahadur Shah Zafar (1775-1862)
Bahadur Shah Zafar was the last ruler of the Mughal dynasty, who ruled India for some 300 years. He did not rule his empire with a strong hand due to the rise of the British. He even wrote about the pain and grief that faced the British. He was also a great patron of eminent and famous Urdu poets such as Mirza Ghalib, Zauk, Momin and Daagh of his time.
Most of their Urdu ghazals were lost during the War of 1857. Some of them, who were saved, were compiled and named Kulliyat-I-Zafar.
49. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (1888-1958)
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a poet, writer, journalist and Indian scholar who became an important political leader of the Indian independence movement. In his youth, he adopted the pseudonym “Azad” and was simply called Maulana Azad. As he adapted to the changing opportunities of his time, he also adopted the pseudonym “Azad,” to say that he was free from the Muslim traditions of his ancestors.
While the British policy of “dividing and conquering” was rooted in the social psyche of the country, Azad remained the most ardent opponent of the partition of India. He opposed the end, and this will be better remembered for that.
50. Bipin Chandra Pal (1858-1932)
Bipin Chandra Pal was born on 7th November 1858, in the village of Poil, Sylhet district, now in Bangladesh. Bipin Chandra was a patriot, speaker, teacher, preacher, writer and critic, and the main architect of the Bengal Renaissance movement.
His idea of patriotism and freedom combined personal freedom and national freedom. Lover of truth and freedom, Bipin Chandra was fiercely opposed to hypocrisy. Bipin Chandra died in 1932.
51. Vinoba Bhave (1895-1982)
Vinoba Bhave was a great fighter of freedom. He actively participated in the ‘Nagpur Salt Satyagraha’, the ‘Dandi March’ and the ‘Temple Entry Movement’ in Kerala. He was chosen by Gandhi as the first Satyagrahi of the individual civil disobedience movement.
He is best known for the “Bhoodan Movement”. He also directed the “Sarvodaya movement”. His contribution to the history of the non-violent movement is still important. Vinoba Bhave was an academic scholar. He knew eighteen languages. He has written several books of international renown.
52. Matangini Hazra (1870-1942)
Matangini Hazra was a freedom fighter and a martyr of British bullets. In paintings depicting the struggle for freedom, one often sees an old woman with white hair, carrying the Indian flag and leading a crowd of people. However, at the end of her life, she felt the call to fight for independence so much that she repeatedly challenged the authority of the British Raj in her name, to put an end to his life for the cause.
Their luck came when, in the chaos, the villagers ordered the villagers to stop holding the bayonet. The bullets followed quickly and this brave 72-year-old woman died with the words “Vande Mataram” on her lips, holding the Indian flag.
53. Begum Hazrat Mahal (1820-1879)
During the first Indian War of Independence in 1857-58, Begum Hazrat Mahal led a team of people who supported him in the revolt against the British. She managed to take over the state of Lucknow and take control of it. Birjis Qadr was the son, she made him the king of Awadh.
Later, British forces took Lucknow and a substantial part of Awadh and Begum had to withdraw. She refused to accept any kind of favors and subsidies offered by the British rulers. She used all her forces to liberate the Awadh State from the clutches of the British Raj authorities. Finally, she took refuge in an asylum in Nepal, where she died in 1879.
54. Senapati Bapat (1880-1967)
The freedom fight of Senapati Bapat was not to use violence in the struggle, or how the new India should be governed. His goal in life was to see a free India by all possible means. With this knowledge, he planned to join other revolutionaries to use it against the British government, not to kill innocent victims, but to draw attention to the cause of freedom.
Subsequently, his goal went from overthrowing the government to educating the masses about the British government. His last trip to the prison was the refusal to speak at a public rally organized by Netaji Subash Chandra Bose. After Independence, he was very active in political life.
55. Garimella Satyanarayana (1893-1952)
Garimella Satyanarayana influenced and mobilized the people of Andhra against the British Raj with his patriotic songs and writings, for which he was repeatedly imprisoned by the British administration.
Satyanarayana is identified by his famous song “మాకొద్దీ తెల్ల దొరతనం” (we do not need this white rule). This particular song was popular in the homes of Andhra Pradesh during the independence movement of India. Meanwhile, he wrote his famous song Maakoddee Telladoratanamu for which he was imprisoned in 1922 for a year. After leaving prison, he continued his participation in the movement singing songs in villages.
56. Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi (1887-1971)
Before joining the National Congress of India, Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi was attracted to the revolutionary group. He was a writer and social reformer. In 1938 he founded Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, a trust that manages various educational institutions and publishes books on Indian culture.
His name is also associated with Sahitya Samsad, Gujarati Sahitya Samsad, and Hindi Sahitya Sarnmelan. He has published several magazines and magazines such as Bhargava, Gujarat, Social Welfare and the Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan’s Journal. His notable writings include I Follow the Mahatma, The Creative Art of Life, Akhand Hindustan and Pilgrimage to Freedom.
57. Tiruppur Kumaran (1904-1932)
Tiruppur Kumaran founded the Desa Bandhu Youth Association and led demonstrations against the British. He died as a result of a police attack on the banks of the Noyyal River in Tiruppur during a demonstration against the British government on January 11, 1932. At the time of his death, he carried the Indian national flag banned by the British.
The Indian Post issued a commemorative stamp in October 2004 on the occasion of his 100th birthday. A statue was erected in Tirupur in his honor, which often serves as a meeting place for public demonstrations.
58. Bhikaji Cama (1861-1936)
In 1896, the presidency of Bombay was severely affected by the plague. Cama voluntarily worked for the victims of the plague and ended up being trapped by the disease. For some time she worked as a private secretary to Dadabhai Navaroji, a great Indian leader. She constantly made people aware of the importance of freedom from British rule in India.
In 1905, Cama and her friends designed the first tricolor flag of India with green stripes, saffron and red with the immortal words – Vanda Matram. Madame Cama raised this flag on 22nd August 1907, for the independence of India at the International Socialist Conference in Stuttgart, Germany.
59. Tipu Sultan (1750-1799)
Tipu Sultan was rightly called the Mysore Tiger. Bravely, he fought against great difficulties. The greatest ambition of his life was to expel the British from India. For this ideal, he sacrificed his life and his kingdom.
He sent a mission to Mauritius in search of French recruits. The governor of Mauritius invited the French to join Tipu to expel the British from India. The proclamation of Mauritius and the invasion of Egypt by Napoleon baffled the British. The British sent an ultimatum to Tipu and launched an unjust war in which Tipu died sword in hand on May 2, 1799. The British failed him in his struggle for Indian independence.
60. Lala Lajpat Rai (1865-1928)
Lala Lajpat Rai began his career as a lawyer. He joined the freedom movement after abandoning his practice under the influence of Gandhiji. He was a great social reformer and a strong supporter of the mission of Arya Samaj. It served the cause of education and the raising of untouchables and the education of women.
He has been imprisoned several times. The Congress has decided to boycott the Simon Commission. When he was leading a demonstration in Lahore, he was beaten several times when the police resorted to the charges. His heart was full of kindness and sympathy for all human beings. He was truly a patriot and a great nationalist.
61. Ashfaqulla Khan (1900-1927)
Ashfaq’s parents thought that Ashfaq was dominated by evil spirits when he whispered the name of Ram, a Hindu Lord. His parents called a neighbor who told them that Ashfaq did not whisper the name of the Hindu Lord Ram, but that, in fact, Ashfaq remembered his best friend, Ram Prasad Bismil, whom he called Ram.
Bismil and Ashfaqulla were friends and involved in the Kakori Train incident to loot the money for revolutionary activities against the British, once police arrested but somehow they escaped. Ashfaq’s last words were warning: I warn you, never say those words. Ramprasad is my brother. I would rather die under Hindu rule than life under British rule.
62. Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar (1878-1931)
Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar was an Indian leader, activist, scholar, and poet, among the main leaders of the Khilafat movement. He attended the first meeting of the Muslim League in 1906. He began his own newspapers called Hamdard and Comrade in 1911.
He went to England in 1919 to stop the deposition of the Turkish sultan, Mustafa Kemal, who was the caliph of Islam. The rejection of British Muslims caused the Khilafat movement by Muslims. In 1921, he actively reunited Muslims against British rule and, therefore, was imprisoned for 2 years. He fell ill and died shortly thereafter in London on January 4, 1931.
63. Dr. Maghfoor Ahmad Ajazi (1900-1966)
He founded the All-India Jamhur Muslim League to counter Jinnah’s All-India Muslim League for opposing the division of Motherland and the creation of separate Pakistan. Acharya J.B.kripalani said while condoling his death: Ajazi was a great patriot.
Regretting his death, Fakhruddin Ali Ahmad, the late president of India, stated that “Dr. Ajazi was at the forefront of India’s struggle for independence, the story of his life is a unique and interesting story of an important moment in the country “.
64. Hyder Ali (1720-1782)
Hyder Ali was a great Indian general whose exceptional martial splendor made him the royal ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore in southwestern India. He started his expansion of his kingdom and fought against Marathas and the British in many wars.
When the British violated the faith of the treaty, causing its loss against the Marathas in 1772, Hyder Ali avenged him by seizing Mahé of the French in 1779, and then completely devastated a British force in 1780, led by Colonel Baillie during The invasion of Carnatic Region. The British recovered with all their might in 1781, and Hyder Ali faced three successive defeats against Sir Eyre Coote and the capture of Nagapattinam by the British fleet.
65. Begum Zeenat Mahal (1823-1886)
She has greatly influenced the emperor and, after the death of the crown prince Mirza Dara Bakht, began to promote her son Mirza Jawan Bakht as heir to the throne over the eldest son of Emperor Mirza Fath-ul-Mulk Bahadur. But due to the British birthright policy, this was not accepted. She was suspected of poisoning the British resident in Delhi, Thomas Metcalfe, in 1853 for being too involved in palace affairs.
She was a great women freedom fighter who played an important role during the first Indian War of Independence (1857-1858). She was the wife of the Lucknow ruler Nawab Wajid Ali Shah. With the British victory, the emperor’s two sons were shot for supporting the rebels.
66. Tatya Tope (1814-1859)
He was the most outstanding Indian freedom fighter who participated in the revolt of 1857. He was also the follower of Nana Sahib and supported him to fight against the British, later captured by the British and got hanged.
During the siege of Kanpur, forces loyal to Nana Saheb launched an attack on British forces in the region. In the end, many members of the British army were taken prisoner or killed. Nana Sahib and Tatya Tope fled after the arrival of British reinforcements. He also joined forces with “Rani Laxmibai” in his fight against the British. According to several historical accounts, he was finally captured in April 1859 after being betrayed by an assistant and executed by the British on April 18, after a brief military trial.
67. Babu Kunwar Singh (1777-1858)
He was a freedom fighter who involved in many wars against the British during the Great Indian revolt of 1857. Even at 80 years of age, he fought British along with his brother Babu Amar Singh and his commander in chief Hare Krishna Singh.
During his last battle, which took place on April 23, 1858, near Jagdispur, the troops under the control of the East India Company were completely defeated. On April 22 and 23, wounded, he fought bravely against the British army and, with the help of his army, chase the British army, knocked down the Union Jack from the fort in Jagdishpur and raised the flag.
68. Peer Ali Khan (1881-1958)
Peer Ali Khan changed into the part of the uprising of 1857 and he becomes additionally a number of the 14 folks who had been given capital punishment through the British regime. He was hanged to demise for his role in the revolt.
69. Tara Rani Srivastava
Tata Rani is known for her warfare in the freedom movement. It is thought that she led a procession in the front of Siwan Police Station alongside her husband and her husband became shot at some point in the procession.
70. Khudiram Bose (1889-1908)
He was a freedom fighter, one of the youngest revolutionaries in the Indian independence movement. Bose was influenced by the notion of karma in the Bhagavad Gita and participated in revolutionary activities aimed at freeing India from the British government.
71. Kalpana Datta (1913-1995)
She was an activist and a member of the Independence movement led by Surya Sen, who led the raid on the Chittagong Armory in 1930. On February 17, 1933, the police surrounded their hiding place in Gairila and she was arrested, but she able to escape from there.
72. Acharya J.B.Kripalani (1888-1982)
He was an accomplished politician and socialist, who contributed a lot, before and after the independence of India. He was a representative of the philosophy and ideology of Gandhi, many times got arrested by the British.
73. Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed (1905-1977)
He meets Jawaharlal Nehru in England in 1925. He joins the INC and actively participates in the Indian freedom movement. In 1942, he was arrested during the Quit India movement and sentenced to three and a half years in prison.
74. Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (1890-1988)
He is one of the tallest fighters of freedom, not only in physical height but also in contributions and sacrifices. He dedicated his life to improving the countryman’s life and inspired the values of Gandhi, mainly non-violence.
75. C. Rajagopalachari (1878-1972)
In April 1930, he was arrested on the Tanjore coast for leading a Salt March to Vedaranniyam. Subsequently, he prepared the CR formula for cooperation between Congress and the League, which however was rejected by the Muslim League.
76. Kittur Rani Chennamma (1778-1829)
She is the first woman to fight for freedom in India. Although she could not win the battle against the British, she definitely created a revolution and became a source of inspiration for Indian women.
77. Sri Satguru Ram Singh Kuka (1816-1885)
He is a philosopher and reformer, the first Indian to use non-cooperation and the boycott of British products. He also asked Russia to help to throw the British from the country, but it was refused. 14 Years he spent his time in prison.
78. Madan Lal Dhingra (1883-1909)
He was a student revolutionary in England, where he murdered Sir Curzon Wylie, a British parliamentarian, considered one of the first acts of revolution of the Indian independence movement of the 20th century.
79. Saifuddin Kitchlew (1888-1963)
He wanted harmony between Hindus and Muslims and asked the people to get involved in the national movement regardless of religious feelings. He opposed from the beginning the separatist ideology of the Muslim League of India.
80. Abdul Bari (1892-1947)
He was an Indian academic and social reformer, he had a vision of India freed from slavery, social inequality, and community disharmony. He participated in the freedom movement and finally sacrificed his life for the cause.
81. Dr. Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari (1880-1936)
Ansari was the was an icon of the Khilafat movement and also the close companion of Gandhi. He worked hard to achieve unity between Hindus and Muslims with the firm belief that Indian independence is the solution to unite various communities.
82. Hakim Ajmal Khan (1868-1927)
He was the pioneer of Unani medicine in modern India, as well as a freedom fighter and follower of Mahatma Gandhi in the Indian independence movement. He was against the British policy of abolishing indigenous healing systems for Western medicine.
83. Hasrat Mohani (1878-1951)
He was an Indian activist, and a freedom fighter, the founding leader of the Indian Communist Party and a renowned poet in Urdu. He invented the remarkable slogan Inquilab Zindabad in 1921 and also the first person to demand complete Independence.
84. Subramanya Bharathi (1882-1921)
He was a poet, a freedom fighter and a social reformer of Tamil Nadu. His songs about nationalism helped to unite the masses to support the Independence movement. His best works, namely Kuyil Pattu, Panchali Sapatham, and Kannan Pattu, were composed in 1912.
85. Vinayak Damodar Savarkar (1883-1966)
Veer Savarkar was a great revolutionary in the history of India’s struggle for independence. He was a great speaker, scholar, prolific writer, historian, poet, philosopher, and social worker. His original name was Vinayak Damodar Savarkar.
86. Dadabhai Naoroji (1825-1917)
Naoroji is also credited with the founding of the INC(Indian National Congress) and written a book highlighting the poverty and Un-British Rule in India which brought the attention of draining India’s wealth into Britain.
87. Dr. Zakir Husain (1897-1969)
He returned to India to lead Jamia Millia Islamia, which was scheduled to close in 1927. He served for 21 years as a leader of academics and leaders of an institution intimately involved in the struggle for freedom against the British Rule in India.
88. Maruthanayagam Pillai (1725-1764)
In the 1750s, when the English and French were at war, Robert Clive, impressed by Mohammed Yusuf Khan’s fighting ability, enlisted him in his army and helped him train in Europe. He was also popularly known as “Muhammed Yusuf Khan”.
89. Rani Gaidinliu (1915-1993)
At 13, she joined the Heraka religious movement of his cousin Haipou Jadonang. The movement then became a political movement that seeks to expel the British from Manipur and the surrounding areas of Naga.
90. Tirot Sing (1802-1835)
Tirot Sing, also known as U Tirot Sing Syiem, was one of the leaders of the Khasi people in the early 19th century. He was a constitutional head, declared war and fought against the British for trying to take control of the Khasi hills.
He is a brave son of India who gave his life to free India from the oppression of the British. He was born on July 4, 1897. In tribal areas, the British exploited and oppressed poor and illiterate tribal populations, mainly fought in Andhra Pradesh.
92. Pingali Venkayya (1876-1963)
He was a freedom fighter from India and the designer of the flag on which the Indian national flag was based. He was born in Bhatlapenumarru, near Machilipatnam, in the current Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. He met Gandhi in South Africa and lasted 50 years of association.
93. Tanguturi Prakasam (1872-1957)
He was a politician, freedom fighter, and chief minister of the Madras Presidency. He then became the Chief Minister of the new State of Andhra, created by the partition of the State of Madras into linguistic criteria. He was also known as Andhra Kesari.
94. Veerapandiya Kattabomman (1760-1799)
He was an 18th-century Palayakarrar and chief of Panchalankurichi, Tamil Nadu, India. He refused to accept the sovereignty of the British East India Company and waged a war against them. He was captured by the British later and hanged.
He was a Bengali freedom fighter who is known for his attack on the Secretariat building, the writers’ building in Dalhousie Square in Calcutta. He also joined the Bengal volunteers, a group organized by Subhas Chandra Bose in 1928.
He was inspired by the patriotism of his teacher Nikunja Sen, Badal has joined Bengal Volunteers as a member. The volunteers planned and killed Colonel NS Simpson, Inspector General of Prisons, known for the brutal oppression of imprisoned prisoners.
97. Surya Sen (1894-1934)
Bengali Indian Revolutionary, had a decisive influence on the Indian independence movement against the British regime in India. He was recruiting a group of young revolutionaries known as the Chittagong group, to fight against the British in Chittagong.
98. Surendra Sai (1809-1884)
He was the first freedom fighter who fought against British East India Company and he was associated with many leaders and participated in the protest against British in Odisha to protect oppressed tribal peoples in Sambalpur in response to the upper castes and the British.
99. Potti Sreeramulu (1901-1952)
He is revered as Amarajeevi (“Immortal Being”) in the Andhra region for his sacrifice for the cause of Andhra. He became famous for initiating a hunger strike to support the formation of Andhra Pradesh for the people who spoke Telugu; He lost his life in the process.
100. Chandra Pulla Reddy (1917-1984)
He was born in 1917 in the village of Velugodu, in the current district of Kurnool, in Andhra Pradesh. A leading activist in the fight for Indian freedom, a student of Guindy Engineering College in Madras, fought against the British colonial rule.
These are the famous Freedom Fighters Names who played a vital role in getting freedom. In Addition, we hear many times “National Leaders of India” from the children from schools afterwards only it recalls the days of Independence Day or Republic day or few were remembered with their jayanties.
But there are a lot of people who contributed their life to get the Freedom from the British, this is a small work collected and presented to all of our Freedom Fighters of India who has struggled and many were not know to the people much.