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Unveiling the Stories of India’s Freedom Fighters

61. Lala Lajpat Rai (1865-1928)

Lala Lajpat Rai
  • Nicknames: Punjab Kesari, The Lion of Punjab
  • Born: 28 January 1865, Dhudike
  • Died: 17 November 1928, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Parents: Gulab Devi, Radha Krishan

Lala Lajpat Rai began his career as a lawyer. He joined the freedom movement after abandoning his practice under the influence of Gandhiji. He was a great critic of the British government. He has been imprisoned several times. Congress has decided to boycott the Simon Commission. When he was leading a demonstration in Lahore, he was beaten several times when the police resorted to the charges.

He said that every blow on his body would be a highlight at Coffin of the British Empire. As a result of these blows, he died three weeks later. The whole country has sunk in pain. Violent demonstrations took place throughout the country.

62. Ashfaqulla Khan (1900-1927)

Ashfaqulla Khan
  • Other Name: Ashfaq Ulla Khan
  • Born: 22 October 1900, Shahjahanpur
  • Died: 19 December 1927, Faizabad
  • Known for: Mastermind behind Kakori train robbery

Ashfaqulla Khan and Bismil were friends who were involved in the Kakori Train incident to loot the money for revolutionary activities against the British, once police arrested but somehow they escaped. Pathan the friend ran into the money greed announced by the British in Ashfaq’s head and called the police who arrested Ashfaq the next morning.

When Ashfaq was in prison, the police superintendent, who was a Muslim, went to Ashfaq and said: “Ashfaq, I am also a Muslim. I can get you released if you become a government approver and testify against Bismil. Ashfaq’s last words were warning: I warn you, never say those words. Ramprasad is my brother. I would rather die under Hindu rule than life under British rule.

63. Muhammad Ali Jauhar (1878-1931)

Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar
  • Known as: Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar
  • Born: 10 December 1878, Rampur
  • Died: 4 January 1931, London, United Kingdom
  • Spouse: Amjadi Bano Begum (m. 1902)

Muhammad Ali Jauhar was an Indian leader, activist, scholar, and poet, among the main leaders of the Khilafat movement. He attended the first meeting of the Muslim League in 1906. He began his own newspapers called Hamdard and Comrade in 1911.

He went to England in 1919 to stop the deposition of the Turkish sultan, Mustafa Kemal, who was the caliph of Islam. The rejection of British Muslims caused the Khilafat movement by Muslims. In 1921, he actively reunited Muslims against British rule and, therefore, was imprisoned for 2 years. He fell ill and died shortly thereafter in London on January 4, 1931.

64. Dr. Maghfoor Ahmad Ajazi (1900-1966)

Dr. Maghfoor Ahmad Ajazi
  • Full Name: Maghfoor Ahmad Ajazi
  • Born: 3 March 1900, Muzaffarpur
  • Died: 26 September 1966, Muzaffarpur
  • Known for: Founder of All-India Jamhur Muslim League & Flag bearer for the cause of Urdu Language.

Maghfoor Ahmad Ajazi founded the All-India Jamhur Muslim League to counter Jinnah’s All-India Muslim League for opposing the division of Motherland and the creation of separate Pakistan. Acharya J.B.kripalani said while condoling his death: Ajazi was a great patriot.

Regretting his death, Fakhruddin Ali Ahmad, the late president of India, stated that “Dr. Ajazi was at the forefront of India’s struggle for independence, the story of his life is a unique and interesting story of an important moment in the country “.

65. Hyder Ali (1720-1782)

Hyder Ali
  • Full Name: Hyder Ali Khan
  • Born: Budikote
  • Died: 7 December 1782, Chittoor
  • Spouse: Fatima Fakhr-un-Nisa

Hyder Ali was a great Indian general whose exceptional martial splendor made him the royal ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore in southwestern India. He started his expansion of his kingdom and fought against Marathas and the British in many wars.

When the British violated the faith of the treaty, causing its loss against the Marathas in 1772, Hyder Ali avenged him by seizing Mahé of the French in 1779, and then completely devastated a British force in 1780, led by Colonel Baillie during The invasion of Carnatic Region. The British recovered with all their might in 1781, and Hyder Ali faced three successive defeats against Sir Eyre Coote and the capture of Nagapattinam by the British fleet.

66. Zeenat Mahal (1823-1886)

Begum Zeenat Mahal
  • Full Name: Begum Sahiba Zeenat Mahal
  • Born: 1823
  • Died: 17 July 1886 Yangoon, Myanmar British Burma
  • Spouse: Bahadur Shah II (m.1840)

Begum Zeenat Mahal has greatly influenced the emperor and, after the death of the crown prince Mirza Dara Bakht, began to promote her son Mirza Jawan Bakht as heir to the throne over the eldest son of Emperor Mirza Fath-ul-Mulk Bahadur. But due to the British birthright policy, this was not accepted. She was suspected of poisoning the British resident in Delhi, Thomas Metcalfe, in 1853 for being too involved in palace affairs.

She was a great women freedom fighter who played an important role during the first Indian War of Independence (1857-1858). She was the wife of the Lucknow ruler Nawab Wajid Ali Shah. With the British victory, the emperor’s two sons were shot for supporting the rebels.

67. Tatya Tope (1814-1859)

Tatya Tope
  • Full name: Ramachandra Pandurang Tope
  • Born: 1814, Yeola
  • Died: 18 April 1859, Shivpuri
  • Parents: Pandurang Rao Tope, Rukhmabai

Tatya Tope was the most outstanding Indian freedom fighter who participated in the revolt of 1857. He was also the follower of Nana Sahib and supported him to fight against the British, later captured by the British and got hanged.

During the siege of Kanpur, forces loyal to Nana Saheb launched an attack on British forces in the region. In the end, many members of the British army were taken prisoner or killed. Nana Sahib and Tatya Tope fled after the arrival of British reinforcements. He also joined forces with “Rani Laxmibai” in his fight against the British. According to several historical accounts, he was finally captured in April 1859 after being betrayed by an assistant and executed by the British on April 18, after a brief military trial.

68. Kunwar Singh (1777-1858)

Babu Kunwar Singh
  • Known as: Babu Kunwar Singh
  • Born: 13 November 1777, Jagdishpur
  • Died: 26 April 1858, Jagdishpur
  • Spouse: Chandramani Kumari

Kunwar Singh was a freedom fighter who was involved in many wars against the British during the Great Indian revolt of 1857. Even at 80 years of age, he fought British along with his brother Babu Amar Singh and his commander in chief Hare Krishna Singh.

During his last battle, which took place on April 23, 1858, near Jagdispur, the troops under the control of the East India Company were completely defeated. On April 22 and 23, wounded, he fought bravely against the British army and, with the help of his army, chase the British army, knocked down the Union Jack from the fort in Jagdishpur, and raised the flag.

69. Peer Ali Khan (1881-1958)

Peer Ali Khan
  • Full Name: Peer Ali Khan
  • Born: 1812, Orangi Town, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Died: 7 July 1857
  • Known for: Indian independence movement, Indian Rebellion of 1857

Peer Ali Khan changed into the part of the uprising of 1857 and he becomes additionally a number of the 14 folks who had been given capital punishment through the British regime.

Khan was a bookbinder by profession and secretly distributed brochures, and pamphlets with important coded messages to freedom fighters. He regularly campaigned against the British government. He was hanged to demise for his role in the revolt.

70. Tara Rani Srivastava

Tara Rani Srivastava
  • Full Name: Tata Rani Srivastava
  • Born: Bihar
  • Known for: Member of Quit India Movement
  • Spouse: Phulendu Babu

Tara Rani Srivastava is known for her warfare in the freedom movement. It is thought that she led a procession in the front of Siwan Police Station alongside her husband and he became shot at some point in the procession.

She did not keep quiet, after treating her husband she again marched to the police station and attempted to hoist the flag. She even continued this even after her husband’s death and inspired many women in the country.

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