11. Chandra Shekhar Azad
- Full Name: Chandra Shekhar Azad
- Born: 23 July 1906, Bhavra
- Died: 27 February 1931, Chandrasekhar Azad Park, Prayagraj
Under the successful leadership of Chandra Shekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt executed a bomb explosion at the Central Assembly in Delhi on April 8, 1929.
On February 27, 1931, while he was sitting in Alfred Park along with his compatriot Sukhdev Raj, the police surrounded him then he shot himself because he doesn’t want to die with the British bullet.
12. Bhupendra Nath Datta
- Full Name: Bhupendranath Datta
- Born: 4 September 1880, Kolkata
- Died: 25 December 1961, Kolkata
Bhupendra Nath Datta was the elder brother of Swami Vivekananda. Datta decided to join the Indian Independence movement and joined the Bengal Revolutionary Society formed by Pramathanath Mitra in 1902.
In 1906, he became editor of the Jugantar Patrika newspaper. This newspaper was the spokesman for the Revolutionary Party of Bengal.
13. Jayaprakash Narayan
- Full Name: Jayaprakash Narayan
- Born: 11 October 1902 Sitabdiara, Ballia district British India (present-day Uttar Pradesh)
- Died: 8 October 1979 (aged 76) Patna, Bihar
- Spouse: Prabhavati Devi
Jayaprakash Narayan was an independent Indian activist and a great political leader of India. He was commonly called JP and Loknayak, which means the leader of the masses.
He was very interested in the political development of the country. It made a lot of noise in the political field. He was the true follower of Gandhi’s principles. People called him “king without a crown”.
14. Pulin Behari Das
- Full Name: Pulin Behari Das
- Born: 24 January 1877, Faridpur Sadar Upazila, Bangladesh
- Died: 17 August 1949, Kolkata
Pulin Behari Das was an Indian revolutionary from Bengal who was the founding president of Dhaka Anushilan Samiti. Later, he was influenced by a yogi and had a sense of detachment from the physical world.
He founded the Bharat Sevak Sangh in 1920 to pursue its revolutionary principles, also published two periodicals, Hak Katha and Swaraj, and also criticized the principles of nonviolence.
15. Atulkrishna Ghosh
- Full Name: Atulkrishna Ghosh
- Born: 4 May 1890, Nadia
- Died: 4 May 1966, Kolkata
Atulkrishna Ghosh was a revolutionary from Bengal. This patriot was totally opposed to discrimination on behalf of caste and religion and was a strong advocate of liberal democratic ideas.
His contribution to the Indian struggle for independence is very profound. Even his brothers and sisters associated with revolutionary activities in different ways.
16. Bhola Paswan Shastri
- Full Name: Bhola Paswan Shastri
- Born: 21 September 1914, Purnia
- Died: 1984, Patna
Bhola Paswan Shastri is one of the revolutionaries who played a critical role in the struggle for freedom in India. He becomes Chief Minister of the State of Bihar, 3 times between 1968 and 1971.
But considering his birth, he changed into a dynamic individual, complete of zeal, love for his country, and a great hobby in politics and social troubles.
17. Birsa Munda
- Full Name: Birsa Munda
- Born: 15 November 1875, Ranchi
- Died: 9 June 1900, Ranchi Central Jail, Ranchi
Birsa Munda was an Indian freedom fighter and a first tribal leader who rebelled against British rule.
He was a visionary who played a crucial role in the liberation of his community, the tribal people, who were exposed to the continued dominance of British exploitation policies and atrocities.
18. Sahajanand Saraswati
- Full Name: Sahajanand Saraswati
- Born: 22 February 1889, Ghazipur
- Died: 26 June 1950, Patna
Sahajanand Saraswati focused mainly on Bihar in the early days and gradually spread to the rest of India with the formation of the All India Kisan Sabha.
After hearing the arrest of Saraswati during the Quit India movement, Subhash Chandra Bose and All India Forward Bloc decided to observe April 28 as Swami Sahajanand’s Day of India to protest his imprisonment by the British Raj.
19. Ram Manohar Lohia
- Full Name: Ram Manohar Lohia
- Born: 23 March 1910, Akbarpur
- Died: 12 October 1967, New Delhi
Ram Manohar Lohia was first and foremost a man of ideas. That does not mean that his short life (1910-1967) was without action: there was his clandestine work during the Quit India movement, the liberation of Goa, the democracy movement in Nepal, etc.
However, his ideas and formulations survived the remnants of the parties and movements with which he was associated.
20. Shankar Dayal Sharma
- Full Name: Shankar Dayal Sharma
- Born: 19 August 1918, Bhopal
- Died: 26 December 1999, New Delhi
- Spouse: Vimla Sharma (m. 1950)
Shankar Dayal Sharma was involved in India’s fight for independence from the British and joined the INC, a party to which he would remain loyal for the rest of his life.
After Independence, the Nawab of Bhopal expressed his desire to retain the princely state of Bhopal as a separate unit. Sharma directed public unrest against the Nawab in December 1948, which led to his arrest.