Birsa Munda (1875 – 1900)


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The popular hero of Birsa Munda and an Indian tribal freedom fighter Birsa Munda belonged to the Munda tribe and fought with the millenarian movement that was against tribal peoples and exploded during British rule. He is known as the freedom fighter who actively participated in the Independence of India.

In honor of his achievements, he is the only member of the tribal community whose photo was hanged in Parliament. There are several types of institute that have received their name such as Birsa Munda Airport, Birsa Agricultural University, Sidho Kanho Birsa University, etc.

History of Birsa Munda


Born on November 15, 1875, in the district of Ranchi and the day of his birth, on Thursday, according to the custom of Munda, the child born on the day was designated according to the day.

He was also nominated for the day. Sugana Munda his father and Kami Hatu his mother also had two brothers and a sister.




Munda spent her childhood with her parents. He used to graze sheep in the forest and he looked completely different from other munda children because he was handsome and tall. After growing up, he became a teacher playing the flute. Later, he went to a school in Shalga that was run by a person named Jaipal Nag.

He was advised to join the German missionary school, where it was mandatory to convert to Christianity, for which he was called Birsa Daud. After a few days, he left school and was influenced by religious teachings.

Marriage of Birsa Munda

Growing up, he was a strong and intelligent man. For the wedding he found a suitable girl and told her the views he had for the wedding. But after his return from prison, he found the girl very faithful and left her.

There were many women who wanted to be the wives of Birsa Munda. The lady who was a well-known woman who also stayed with Birsa Munda was Sali.

Birsa Munda Movement and Death


The British tried to change the tribal system into a Feudal System because the old tribal system could not give more surplus. Due to this change in some areas, the aborigines lost all their rights and began to work as agricultural laborers.

It was here that Munda rebelled against exploitation and there were many uprisings under his leadership while he saw the cultural change in society.



Birsa Munda died on June 9, 1900 when the British government declared that he had died of cholera, but that there were no symptoms of anger that he demonstrated. He was captured by the government on February 3, 1900.

His life span was very short for only 25 years, but when he was alive, he did much for the tribes and was a continuing danger and a threat to the British Government. After his death, the movement was closed.

 


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