Bagha Jatin (1879 – 1915)

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Bagha Jatin is the nickname of Jatindranath Mukherjee, a popular revolutionary activist during the British government in India.

He was the leader of the Jugantar group and led many activities aimed at weakening British supremacy in India.

His personality had a spark and exuded such confidence that, despite being anti-British, many British officials spoke of him with respect.

Bagha Jatin Biography


History of Bagha Jatin


Born in Kayagram Village, a district of Bengal, on January 7, 1879, Bagha Jatin had exceptional courage and physical agility. He was raised by his mother; His father died at the age of five.

Because her mother did not believe in caste and religion discrimination, Jatindranath grew up and became a kind and caring person. He became very popular for his noble acts towards people of other castes and religions, especially Muslims.

Jatindranath had a penchant for the arts and that is why in 1895 he was admitted to the Central College of Calcutta to study fine arts. To increase his field of employment, he also began to learn to write.

It was during this period of his life that he came into contact with Swami Vivekananda, who changed his outlook on life and his goals. He realized the impact of the damage that foreign law caused in India.




He also helped Sister Nivedita, a prominent disciple of Swami Vivekananda, in her charity work for people affected by famines and floods. The trip from Jatindranath to Ambu Guha to learn fighting skills turned out to be a life change.

There he met his future mentor Sachin Bannerjee, who later guided him in his revolutionary activities against British colonial rule.

In 1899, Jatindranath left school and went to Muzaffarpur to help lawyer Kennedy.

Revolutionary Activities


Some reports suggest that when he was a student, Bagha Jatin led the Samiti Anushilan that killed the colonial officers and those who favored British rule. After returning to Calcutta, he opened bomb factories in Maniktala and Deoghar.

His party jugantar played an important role in obtaining the support of the Germans against British rule. Jatindranath led the process of using the aid received to promote his revolutionary activities.



Death of the patriot Bagha Jatin


Information about Bagha Jatin’s association with Germany alerted the colonial authorities. They responded by cordoning off the coastal areas around Noakhali and the Ganges.

The police also went to Balasore to look for him. Jatindranath was well aware of police activities and, as a result, he crossed the deep forests and hills of Balasore to reach the station.

He was persecuted not only by the police but also by the natives. The colonial authorities had declared a reward for the provision of any information related to the location of Jatindranath.

It was raining a lot, and the revolutionary and his friends had to take revenge in Chashakhand.

Despite the repeated requests of his friends, Jatin did not abandon them and risked being arrested. The authorities quickly discovered the hiding place and were followed by a shot.

Several colonial officers were wounded in crossfire and Jatindranath was also seriously injured. He succumbed to his injuries in the hospital on September 10, 1915.