Today we are up to the generation of watching 4K resolution with effective sound system on the television, but can you imagine if there were no colors and only black and white visualization. No…….Right? So let us understand how Color Television invention took place!
Television is the system of sending images, videos along with sounds through remote electrical signals, so that people can receive them on a screen (television) at home. Then what about Color Television?
History of Color Television Invention
Color Television is more likely seeing the real world on an electronic device along with colors for the frames of images and videos.
This is an improvement of the old television technology, monochromatic or black and white, in which the image is shown in gray scale.
The Cathode Ray Tubes (CRT) of color television has three electron beams, unlike the electron beam of a black and white television.
The screen is covered with red, green and blue phosphorescent spots placed behind the holes of the perforated mask. All the colors observed are a combination of the red, green and blue signals (that is, if all points or pixels are illuminated, the image appears in white).
The fact that color television is essentially three times more complex than the methods of the invention in black, for both devices has almost simultaneously occurred.
A German patent of 1904 contained the oldest recorded proposal for a color television system. In 1925, Zworykin filed a patent application for a fully electronic color television system. These two systems failed, however, were the first for color television.
John Logie Baird (1888-1946) is recognized as one of the pioneers of television development along with Philo Farnsworth. In 1928, Baird demonstrated the transmission of color images for the first time.
One of the first important commercial considerations was that the signals that transmitted the color images not only aimed to produce color images, but also had to produce black and white images on mono sets.
Development has been slow, and RCA masked cathode ray tube television sales began only in 1954.
You may wonder how much did the first Color TV cost?
The sets were extremely expensive and usually cost more than $ 1,000.
The Sunday night broadcast in 1961 of Walt Disney‘s “Wonderful World of Color” encouraged American citizens to buy color televisions.
Do you know first color TV show in 1962?
The NBC Rose Bowl game of 1962 is the first coast-to-coast Color Television show broadcasted, the show was about college football game in the United States.
This was the turning point of Television Industry because the colorful visualization made the lives of many people colorful by creating the market for more Televisions. Only in 1972, the sales of color televisions exceeded black and white.
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First Color TV Channel in India (1982)
The Indian Television Network was established in New Delhi in 1959 to broadcast experimental, education and development programs with an 30 min program.
The decision to introduce Color Television in the Indian market was made by Department Union Ministry due to the needs of sports fans who did not want to see Asian games on black and white screens.
The Ministry of the Union authorized to import 50,000 color televisions, which marked the beginning of colorful phase for Indian television.
The Indians were willing to pay between 8,000 rupees and 15,000 rupees for color television at that point of time. Even people were ready to pay 190% more custom duty to import it. Although the amount may seem small today, its value was extremely high in the 1980’s.
National Telecast was introduced in 1982. In the same year, color television was introduced in the Indian market.
Indian programs on the small screen began in the early 1980’s. Meanwhile, there was only one national public channel Doordarshan and it was the first Colour TV in India.
In the later days Doordarshan apart from sports they even started epic stories of Ramayan and Mahabharata were very popular those days.
Sad thing is, Today Doordarshan is treated as old channel and the viewers declined drastically because of competition and commercial shows in other channels, but even now the quality of the channel is maintained by educative and encouraging shows which provides values for our life.
To encourage channel, the Government of India gives the permission to broadcasts live shows of Government programs first on Doordarshan.
So, to conclude Color Television today it is famous but never expect as it will be future, now the technology is changing in fast pace people are upgrading every possible thing, who knows what change can take place?