Great Personalities of India

Manmath Nath Gupta (1908 – 2000)

Manmath Nath Gupta is a visionary who fought against British along with other Revolutionaries but his one mistake made him suffer in his entire life, read the full article to understand his actions towards the nation.

Who is Manmath Nath Gupta?

Manmath Nath Gupta (7th February 1908, to October 26, 2000) was an Indian activist writer and biographer of autobiographical, historical, and fictional books Hindi, English, and Bengali.

He was a dynamic member of the Hindustan Republican Association and affected the independence movement of India at the age of 13 itself.

Manmath Nath Gupta Biography

NameManmath Nath Gupta
Date of Birth7th February 1908
Birth PlaceVaranasi, Uttar Pradesh
ProfessionIndian writer
FatherVeereshvar Gupta
Date of Death26th October 2000
Death PlaceNew Delhi

Disappointed with the Congress

He joined the Congress as a volunteer but was not happy with the slowness of his work and his inability to produce short-term results.

When Mahatma Gandhi canceled the Non-Cooperation Movement after the Chauri Chaura incident in 1922, Gupta was very disappointed by Congress and Gandhi.

Later, he joined the Republican Hindustan Association that was leaving the Congress, a group of young revolutionaries whose goal was to end British rule in India by aggressive means if necessary.

Robbery in the Kakori Train

The incident of the Kakori train was the turning point of his life. On 9th August 1925, ten revolutionaries, along with Manmath Nath Gupta, stopped a train near Kakori and looted the treasury of the government that was traveling inside.

He shot a passenger on the train with his pistol, it was an accident but the law is one for every person, where he made a mistake in his life.

He got arrested along with other revolutionaries and brought to the court of law, but as a teenager at that time, he was not sentenced to death. Instead, he was sentenced to 14 years in prison.

He began writing against the British government, released from prison in 1937. It was the verdict again in 1939 and in 1946 it was clear very early one year before the independence of India in 1947.

He had written many manuscripts about the ancient times of the Indian struggle for independence from the point of view of a revolutionary, including They Lived Dangerously – Reminiscences of a Revolutionary.

After Independence

Including Yojna, he has been associated with the Ministry of Information and Dissemination of India and has published the prestigious publications of the Planning Commission. He was also the editor of Bal Bharti, a children’s magazine, and Aajkal, a Hindu literary magazine.

At the International meeting on India and world literature at Vigyan Bhavan, Manmath Nath Gupta was also present as India’s delegate in New Delhi on February 27, 1985, organized by the Department of Modern European Languages by the University of Delhi.

He was very happy when a document in his Paper entitled the great leader Pt. Ram Prasad ‘Bismil’: A pen and pistol warrior was found before the exits of the delegates.

Great Loss at the Festival of Light

His last debate on DD National Television Channel was broadcast in India on December 19, 1997, for a 20-minute documentary entitled Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna.

In this interview, Manmath Nath Gupta pleads guilty to the offense he committed on 9th August 1927, when he accidentally shot a passenger died on the Kakori train.

Because of his action, 4 revolutionaries and their beloved leader Pandit Ram Prasad Bismil was hanged.

Manmath Nath Gupta died on the night of the Indian festival of Diwali on 26th October 2000 at his residence in Nizamuddin East New Delhi. He was 92 years old and was very active until his death.

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