The Powers and Functions of Lok Sabha is the ultimate in the world of democracy in India with the set of rules followed, let us see all the major roles in the following.
Lok Sabha is composed of representatives of those who are elected by direct election on the basis of adult suffrage. The maximum constitutional strength of the Chamber is 552, consisting of an election of 530 members representing the states, 20 members representing the territories of the Union and only two members of the Anglo-Indian community, a total of 545 members. .
If the president feels that this community is not sufficiently represented in the Chamber, he has the opportunity to appoint him. The total number of options depends on the population of their representative constituencies, the same for all states.
Important Powers and Functions of Lok Sabha are as follows:
The legislative powers and functions of Lok Sabha extend to all subjects mentioned in the union list and concurrent list. In case of emergency its jurisdiction may be extended to the state list also. No bill can become a law unless it has been passed by the Lok Sabha.
Both ordinary and money bills can be introduced in the Lok Sabha. In case of a joint-sitting of both the houses of parliament, the will of the Lok Sabha is bound to prevail.
In the field of finance, the power of Lok Sabha is supreme and final. A money bill can be presented only in the Lok Sabha.
Once a money bill is approved by the Lok Sabha, it is virtually enacted by the Parliament itself. The Lok Sabha alone has the exclusive power of sanctioning all Government expenditures.
* Control over the Executive
The President of India makes an annual speech in Lok Sabha which contains the policy of the Government for the upcoming year and can be discussed by the members of the Lok Sabha. The minister without confidence must resign if the Lok Sabha makes a motion against him.
A ‘Question-Hour’ is held everyday during the session of the Lok Sabha to get information from Government.
All bills of Amendment of the Constitution require to be passed in the Lok Sabha. Otherwise the Amendments will not come into force.
* Other Functions
In addition to the Powers and Functions of Lok Sabha described above, the Lok Sabha shares its powers with the Rajya Sabha in:
- Electing the President and Vice-President of India
- Impeachment of the President
- Removal of the Judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts
- Approving Proclamations of Emergency.
* Redressal of Grievances
The members of the Lok Sabha have to be in constant touch with their constituencies, and should draw the attention of important issues and grievances of the people to the notice of the Lok Sabha.
Those issues are debated on the floor of the House and resolutions could be passed for the Government to take actions.
Read about: Powers and Functions of Rajya Sabha