Home Famous People Freedom Fighters of India Prafulla Chaki (1888 - 1908)

Prafulla Chaki (1888 – 1908)

Prafulla Chaki was a young revolutionary, who played a crucial role in organizing activities, who opposed British rule in India.

He worked as a member of Jugantar (an anti-British group) and inspired many young Bengali’s to join the struggle for Indian freedom.

Prafulla Chaki Biography


History of Prafulla Chaki

Prafulla Chaki was born on 10th December 1888, in the district of Bogra in a middle-class family. His father was Rajnarayan, who worked for Bogra Nawab.

His mother was Swarnamoyee. While still in his childhood, Prafulla lost his father and was raised by his mother.

As a child, he was interested in revolutionary activities. He was an active member of Bandhab Samiti, which organized cultural activities. At school, he participated in a protest against Carlisle Circular.

As a result, he was expelled from there. Soon he joined another school called Rangpur National School. In this school, he became friends with young people like Jitendra Narayan Roy and Ishan Chandra Chakravarti.

These activists opposed the British government and wanted to overthrow it. During his schooling, he met Barindra Kumar Ghosh, who was an active anti-British revolutionary and one of the founding fathers of the group called Jugantar.

Birendra was impressed by the young man’s enthusiasm for working as a revolutionary and took him to Calcutta.

Activities as Revolutionary

His promising personality soon earned him the first job as a member of the Jugantar group, he had to kill Sir Fuller.

According to the information, Fuller was traveling to Darjeeling. Birendra developed a plan for the murder to be carried out during Fuller’s stay in Darjeeling.

However, Fuller changed his plan and the plan to kill him did not happen. The next task was scheduled for 1908, which involved the murder of the Muzaffarpur magistrate named Kingsford.

It was infamous for issuing harsh judgments against freedom fighters. On April 30, Khudiram Bose and Prafulla Chaki took a position to bomb the car carrying Kingsford.

However, due to the wrong information, they bombed another car that was carrying two English girls. Right after the bombing, Prafulla Chaki escaped quickly and went to the Samastipur station.

There, he changed his appearance and, with the help of a railway worker, organized a train ticket. Unfortunately, at the station, a police officer recognized him and was prosecuted.

Death of Prafulla Chaki

Prafulla Chaki decided to commit suicide on May 1, 1908, when he was about to be captured by police at the station. He shot himself in the head and died instantly because he was arrested under British rule.

After his death, the police could not establish his identity with certainty, as he was popularly known as Dinesh Ray.

Therefore, his head was cut and sent to Calcutta so that it could be identified. Khudiram, who had already been taken by the police, confirmed the identity of the great martyr.

Chaki’s death was greeted with the tears and anger of the Bengal revolutionaries. They became even more determined to liberate India from British rule.


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